Cases reported "Intracranial Thrombosis"

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1/3. Cerebral thrombophlebitis in three patients with probable multiple sclerosis. role of lumbar puncture or intravenous corticosteroid treatment.

    We report 3 cases of young patients, 2 women and 1 man, who presented a cerebral venous thrombosis following intravenous treatment with high doses of corticosteroids. All of them presented a probable multiple sclerosis according to clinical, biological (CSF) and MRI criteria and were treated for the first time by a bolus of 1,000 mg of methylprednisolone OD during 5 days. All the usual causes of cerebral venous thrombosis were systematically excluded in all of them. The role of corticosteroid treatment in cerebral thrombophlebitis is discussed. All of them underwent a lumbar puncture a few days before corticosteroid treatment and the relationship between lumbar puncture and cerebral thrombophlebitis is also discussed. Cerebral venous thrombosis associated with corticosteroid treatment has rarely been reported. The relationship between corticosteroids and venous thrombosis has already been suggested but has never been clearly understood.
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2/3. Cerebral venous thrombosis in four patients with multiple sclerosis.

    We report four new cases of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) occurring in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Each patient had undergone lumbar puncture at varying times prior to clinical presentation (4 days to over 1 year). Only two of the patients had received intravenous (i.v.) methylprednisolone 48 h prior to CVT and were under oral contraception, a risk factor for cerebral thrombophlebitis. The other two patients had not undergone recent lumbar puncture, were not taking corticosteroids and did not present vascular risk factors. The patients all had normal routine blood work-ups and none had thrombophilia. All patients dramatically improved with full systemic heparinization. Minor sequelae were noticed in two patients. The pathogenesis underlying the occurrence of CVT in MS patients remains unclear and we discuss the relationship between lumbar puncture, steroid treatment and CVT.
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3/3. Cerebral venous thrombosis and demyelinating diseases: report of a case in a clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis onset and review of the literature.

    Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has been described in several cases of clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS). In the majority of these, lumbar puncture followed by intravenous corticosteroid treatment was suspected as the cause. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first case of a patient with a multifocal clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of MS onset, who developed multiple CVT after lumbar puncture and during high-dose i.v. corticosteroid treatment We conclude that the sequence 'lumbar puncture followed by corticosteroid treatment' may be a contributory risk factor for the development of CVT when associated with other risk factors.
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keywords = puncture
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