Cases reported "Ischemia"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/343. Acute upper limb ischemia: a complication of coronary artery bypass grafting.

    We present the case of a patient with acute upper limb ischemia after radial artery harvest for coronary artery bypass grafting. This occurred despite adequate preoperative and intraoperative assessment with the Allen test, hand-held Doppler and radial artery backbleeding. A successful outcome was achieved by performing brachioradial bypass grafting using reversed cephalic vein.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/343. Spinal cord vascular injuries following surgery of advanced thoracic neuroblastoma: an unusual catastrophic complication.

    BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury is a possible complication associated with removal of thoracic dumbbell neuroblastomas. Our experience with two children whose postsurgical course was complicated by midthoracic spinal cord ischemia is reported there. Permanent paraplegia resulted in both. PROCEDURE AND RESULTS: Preoperative awareness of the origin and distribution of the Adamkiewicz artery (arteria radiculomedullaris magna, ARMM) and of the possible collateral pathways for spinal cord blood supply may be helpful in the planning of operations that involve dissection in the midthoracic posterior mediastinum. Otherwise, a flaccid paraplegia may result. CONCLUSIONS: The syndrome is presumed to be triggered by a spasm, an embolism, or a iatrogenic interruption of the ARMM.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/343. Pringle's maneuver lasting 322 min.

    Up to now, the reported limit of 'continuous' Pringle's maneuver during hepatectomy has not exceeded 127 min. Here we used 'intermittent' clamping to increase the cumulative time of safe ischemia. A 49 year-old man who had undergone jejunal resection because of leiomyosarcoma was referred with 18 hepatic metastases. Using 'intermittent' Pringle's maneuver, enucleation of the entire tumor was performed. The cumulative ischemic time of the liver was 322 min, but post-operative serum level total bilirubin remained normal. The patient was discharged on day 24 without any complications, remaining well for up to 5 months after surgery. The present case shows that the safe upper limit of cumulative hepatic ischemia can be extended to 322 min.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/343. Acute arterial occlusion associated with total knee arthroplasty.

    Acute arterial occlusion is a rare but limb-threatening complication in total knee arthroplasty. Most of the previously reported cases of this complication required surgical intervention. This report illustrates an unusual case of this complication that was managed conservatively with an acceptable outcome. The case is also indicative of the etiology and the optimal prevention of this complication. In a patient with advanced arteriosclerosis, as indicated by vascular calcification around the knee or in the abdomen, knee arthroplasty should be performed without a tourniquet, and intra-operative manipulation should be done cautiously because of the potential for intimal disruption.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/343. Management of dialysis access-associated steal syndrome: use of intraoperative duplex ultrasound scanning for optimal flow reduction.

    dialysis access-associated steal syndrome (DASS) is an uncommon complication after the creation of an arteriovenous fistula and can cause irreversible ischemic damage in severe cases. dialysis access-associated steal syndrome has been managed with the surgical reduction of the volume flow in the fistula, but this is associated with a certain incidence of access loss. Several methods are described to achieve the delicate balance between essential flow in the fistula and an adequate limb perfusion pressure. We have developed a new method with duplex ultrasound scanning to quantitate the reduction in volume flow, which will allow effective dialysis and provide adequate limb perfusion. The preoperative assessment was reproduced on the operating table with intraoperative duplex scanning. A 65-year-old woman who underwent this treatment has had resolution of her ischemic symptoms and maintains long-term patency of her dialysis access.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/343. Posterior approach for cervical intramedullary arteriovenous malformation with diffuse-type nidus. Report of three cases.

    The treatment of spinal intramedullary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with a diffuse-type nidus that contains a neural element poses different challenges compared with a glomus-type nidus. The surgical elimination of such lesions involves the risk of spinal cord ischemia that results from coagulation of the feeding artery that, at the same time, supplies cord parenchyma. However, based on evaluation of the risks involved in performing embolization, together with the frequent occurrence of reperfusion, which necessitates frequent reembolization, the authors consider surgery to be a one-stage solution to a disease that otherwise has a very poor prognosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed diffuse-type intramedullary AVMs in the cervical spinal cords of three patients who subsequently underwent surgery via the posterior approach. The AVM was supplied by the anterior spinal artery in one case and by both the anterior and posterior spinal arteries in the other two cases. In all three cases, a posterior median myelotomy was performed up to the vicinity of the anterior median fissure that divided the spinal cord together with the nidus, and the feeding artery was coagulated and severed at its origin from the anterior spinal artery. In the two cases in which the posterior spinal artery fed the AVM, the feeding artery was coagulated on the dorsal surface of the spinal cord. Neurological outcome improved in one patient and deteriorated slightly to mildly in the other two patients. Postoperative angiography demonstrated complete disappearance of the AVM in all cases. Because of the extremely poor prognosis of patients with spinal intramedullary AVMs, this surgical technique for the treatment of diffuse-type AVMs provides acceptable operative outcome. Surgical intervention should be considered when managing a patient with a diffuse-type intramedullary AVM in the cervical spinal cord.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/343. Gastric intramucosal pH as a monitor of gut perfusion after thrombosis of the superior mesenteric vein.

    Gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) when measured by a tonometer is a simple and minimally invasive method to determine gut ischemia. In a case of severe mesenteric venous thrombosis, we measured pHi intra- and postoperatively over a period of five days. The goal was to monitor improvement or deterioration of gastrointestinal perfusion in the intensive care unit and to perform a second-look laparotomy if the condition worsened. We observed that gastric pHi is a more sensitive parameter for detecting intestinal ischemia than parameters such as arterial pH, base excess, or lactate. This patient's pHi rose continuously, which allowed us to proceed in a conservative way without any further invasive diagnostic interventions. Thus, the application of a gastric tonometer in cases of mesenteric venous thrombosis may help to reduce costs by preventing unnecessary postoperative diagnostic maneuvers such as angiography, computed tomography, or even second-look laparotomy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/343. Postoperative pressure-induced alopecia: report of a case and discussion of the role of apoptosis in non-scarring alopecia.

    We report a case of postoperative pressure induced alopecia in a 21-year-old black female after multiple intraoperative procedures. The histopathology is distinctive and demonstrated features in common with trichotillomania and alopecia areata, including the presence of pigment casts, catagen follicles, melanophages and apoptotic bodies. External hair manipulation is considered the primary event in the etiology of pigment casts, however, our present case demonstrated numerous pigment casts despite a complete lack of evidence of external hair manipulation. We performed pattern analysis and in situ end-labeling in 19 cases of non-scarring alopecia. Pigment casts were seen in postoperative alopecia (1 case), alopecia areata (1 case) and trichotillomania (5 cases). These forms of alopecia have in common the sudden termination of the anagen phase of the hair cycle. When the anagen portion of the hair cycle is prematurely disrupted hairs enter into catagen. Pigment casts may represent a non-specific reaction pattern of follicles that are suddenly transformed from anagen to catagen. We therefore propose that hair manipulation is not uniquely responsible for the formation of pigment casts. The primary pathophysiology resulting in the formation of pigment casts more correctly reflects the sudden termination of the anagen phase of the hair cycle.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/343. Paramalleolar bypass concomitantly with extended endarterectomy for limb-threatening ischemia: A case report.

    A 74-year-old male was admitted to our university hospital with a refractory ulcer of the left third toe. The ankle pressure index was 0.43. On his angiogram, the popliteal artery was totally occluded in the distal site, while the peroneal artery was solely patent and inflowed into the distal posterior tibial artery. At surgery, endarterectomy of 7 cm in length was performed on the tibioperoneal trunk of the occluded popliteal artery following patch repair using a saphenous vein to restore the genicular arterial network and infrapopliteal arteries. Thereafter, the bypass surgery was performed using the in situ saphenous vein from the patent proximal popliteal artery to the distal posterior tibial artery. The postoperative angiogram showed patency of the graft as well as restoration of the genicular arterial network and infrapopliteal arteries. The ankle pressure index improved to 1.04, and the refractory ulcer was completely cured one month after revascularization.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/343. Preoperative assessment of the efficacy of distal radial artery ligation in treatment of steal syndrome complicating access for hemodialysis.

    hand ischemic steal syndrome due to a forearm arteriovenous fistula is a rare occurrence. We report here a case in which we applied a new diagnostic method to assess the efficacy of distal radial ligation to treat this syndrome. A favorable comparison of distal radial artery pressure measurements before and after temporary occlusion of the artery with a balloon catheter indicated that perfusion of the hand would be dramatically improved after surgical artery ligation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Ischemia'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.