Cases reported "Jaundice"

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1/37. Case of sepsis caused by bifidobacterium longum.

    We report a case of sepsis caused by bifidobacterium longum in a 19-year-old male who had developed high fever, jaundice, and hepatomegaly after acupuncture therapy with small gold needles. Anaerobic, non-spore-forming, gram-positive bacilli were isolated from his blood and finally identified as B. longum. He recovered completely after treatment with ticarcillin and metronidazole. To our knowledge, this is the first report of incidental sepsis caused by B. longum.
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keywords = fever
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2/37. infectious mononucleosis.

    infectious mononucleosis is a unique disease in its hematologic aspects; it is different from the frequently occurring acute microbial diseases in that it affects primarily the reticuloendothelial system; and it is interesting serologically because of the heterophil antibody reaction, as well as the multiplicity of antibodies which may be produced. The diagnosis should be suspected clinically before hematology is reported - by remembering the prototypes. In fact, a patient between 16 and 25 years old complains of sore throat and fever is more likely to have infectious mononucleosis than another disease; and if - in addition - he is jaundiced, a diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis is almost certain. Finally, a negative result of treatment with corticosteroid has the diagnostic significance mentioned above. Positive effect of treatment has no diagnostic significance.
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ranking = 1124.2793385371
keywords = infectious mononucleosis, mononucleosis, fever
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3/37. jaundice caused by the vanishing bile duct syndrome in a child with Hodgkin lymphoma.

    The authors report a 5-year-old boy with hodgkin disease and cholestatic jaundice that predated the start of treatment for his lymphoma. His clinical course was punctuated by relentless progression of jaundice, characterized by obstructive pattern liver function tests, severe pruritus, intermittent fever, and marked hypercholesterolemia with development of palmar xanthomata. The jaundice was found to be attributable to vanishing bile duct syndrome (VBDS). The extent of hepatic dysfunction precluded appropriate treatment of the lymphoma with chemotherapy, and the boy died of liver failure. In the differential diagnosis of jaundice in children with hodgkin disease, VBDS should be considered.
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keywords = fever
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4/37. hemobilia: a case with recurrent jaundice cured by removal of a blood clot from the common bile duct.

    A 78-year-old woman was admitted for recurrent jaundice, fever and biliary colic. At operation the common duct was found to be filled with a large blood clot. Removal of this clot resulted in a clinical cure.
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keywords = fever
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5/37. Hemophagocytic syndrome.

    This case report is about an elderly man who presented with a long-standing history of high-grade fever and weight loss. He initially had only hepatosplenomegaly, but then developed jaundice. He also had pancytopenia and raised liver enzymes. His septic screen was negative, but he had a positive Monospot test and immunoglobulin g for Epstein-Barr virus. The liver biopsy showed sinusoidal phagocytosis and the subsequent bone marrow aspiration and biopsy showed significant hemophagocytosis, hence Hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed. The fever was refractory to antibiotic and anti-tuberculosis therapy, but it responded only partially to steroids. Full response was only noticed following anti-viral treatment in the form of intravenous ganciclovir. The patient's general condition, liver enzymes, bilirubin, hematological parameters and even the weight returned back to their normal range 2 weeks after ganciclovir therapy. Cessation of this drug resulted in relapse of his symptoms and oral antivirals did not help. splenectomy, steroid pulse therapy and immunosuppressive treatment were only partially helpful. Reintroduction of ganciclovir did help for a short period. We conclude that our patient had virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome most likely related to Epstein-Barr virus infection, which was then confirmed by the splenic biopsy, and that ganciclovir can be of great help in eradicating the virus and treating the disease, provided that it is given for a long enough period.
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ranking = 2
keywords = fever
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6/37. Serious adverse events associated with yellow fever 17DD vaccine in brazil: a report of two cases.

    BACKGROUND: The yellow fever vaccine is regarded as one of the safest attenuated virus vaccines, with few side-effects or adverse events. We report the occurrence of two fatal cases of haemorrhagic fever associated with yellow fever 17DD substrain vaccine in brazil. methods: We obtained epidemiological, serological, virological, pathological, immunocytochemical, and molecular biological data on the two cases to determine the cause of the illnesses. FINDINGS: The first case, in a 5-year-old white girl, was characterised by sudden onset of fever accompanied by headache, malaise, and vomiting 3 days after receiving yellow fever and measles-mumps-rubella vaccines. Afterwards she decompensated with icterus and haemorrhagic signs and died after a 5-day illness. The second patient-a 22-year-old black woman-developed a sore throat and fever accompanied by headache, myalgia, nausea, and vomiting 4 days after yellow fever vaccination. She then developed icterus, renal failure, and haemorrhagic diathesis, and died after 6 days of illness. yellow fever virus was recovered in suckling mice and C6/36 cells from blood in both cases, as well as from fragments of liver, spleen, skin, and heart from the first case and from these and other viscera fragments in case 2. rna of yellow fever virus was identical to that previously described for 17D genomic sequences. IgM ELISA tests for yellow fever virus were negative in case 1 and positive in case 2; similar tests for dengue, hantaviruses, arenaviruses, leptospira, and hepatitis viruses A-D were negative. Tissue injuries from both patients were typical of wild-type yellow fever. INTERPRETATION: These serious and hitherto unknown complications of yellow fever vaccination are extremely rare, but the safety of yellow fever 17DD vaccine needs to be reviewed. Host factors, probably idiosyncratic reactions, might have had a substantial contributed to the unexpected outcome.
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keywords = fever
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7/37. chlorpromazine-induced cholestatic liver disease with ductopenia.

    We describe a 30-year-old pregnant woman in whom cholestatic liver disease developed 16 resp. 18 days after the medication of chlorprothixeni hydrochloridum and chlorpromazine treatment in the 33rd week of pregnancy. Clinically, the course was characterized by severe jaundice lasting 10 months, fever, pruritus, high serum alkaline phosphatase level, transient aminotransferase elevation, and hypercholesterolemia. The pregnancy was terminated in the 35th week by cesarean section with the birth of a premature female newborn without any signs of liver damage. The histological examination of the mother's liver revealed ductopenia, defined by the absence of interlobular bile ducts in at least 50% of the small portal tracts, and long-standing cholestasis with pseudoxanthomatous transformation of hepatocytes and ductular epithelia, and small lobular xanthomas. The jaundice resolved very slowly after ursodeoxycholic acid therapy. The liver function tests 26 months after the onset of jaundice showed only a slight elevation of alkaline phosphatase and aminotransferases. In the control liver biopsy, non-active periportal and septal fibrosis without signs of cholestasis was seen. To our knowledge this is the sixth report to document chlorpromazine-induced ductopenia in pregnancy and the first to describe a newborn without any liver damage.
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keywords = fever
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8/37. Potential benefit of plasma exchange in treatment of severe icteric leptospirosis complicated by acute renal failure.

    leptospirosis is a common zoonosis seen worldwide, but it is rare in our locality (hong kong). Clinical manifestations of leptospirosis are variable and may range from subclinical infection to fever, jaundice, hemorrhagic tendency, and fulminant hepato-renal failure. Severe hyperbilirubinemia and acute renal failure have been associated with high mortality. We report our experience with a patient who developed severe Weil's syndrome with marked conjugated hyperbilirubinemia and oliguric acute renal failure. These complications persisted despite treatment with penicillin and hemodiafiltration. plasma exchange was instituted in view of the severe hyperbilirubinemia (970 micromol/liter). This was followed by prompt clinical improvement, with recovery of liver and renal function. The beneficial effects of plasma exchange could be attributed to amelioration of the toxic effects of hyperbilirubinemia on hepatocyte and renal tubular cell function. We conclude that plasma exchange should be considered as an adjunctive therapy for patients with severe icteric leptospirosis complicated by acute renal failure who have not shown rapid clinical response to conventional treatment.
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keywords = fever
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9/37. jaundice due to carbimazole.

    On three occasions, a 63 year old housewife with hyperthyroidism developed a reaction which included fever, pruritus, malaise, and, on one occasion, jaundice one to 17 days after taking carbimazole. Challenge with carbimazole was followed within 12 hours by abdominal pain, pruritis, and increased serum transaminase levels. light microscopy of a liver biopsy showed increase of portal zone cellularity over the control and the electron microscopy revealed fine structural changes compatible with drug-related liver injury.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fever
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10/37. Typhoid hepatitis.

    Though typhoid fever is quite common, typhoid hepatitis is a very rare entity which may have a variety of presenting features similar to other more common conditions. One case of typhoid hepatitis is reported here because of its ratity.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fever
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