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1/60. Elongated stylohyoid process: a report of three cases.

    The stylohyoid process is part of the stylohyoid chain--the styloid process, the stylohyoid ligament, and the lesser cornu of the hyoid bone. The stylohyoid chain is derived from the second branchial arch. Mineralisation of the stylohyoid ligament and ossification at the tip may increase the length of the styloid process. An elongated stylohyoid or styloid process is considered to be the source of craniofacial and cervical pain commonly known as Eagle's syndrome. In some instances the stylohyoid process may be considerably elongated, yet remain asymptomatic. This paper reports three patients with elongated stylohyoid processes discovered incidentally on routine radiographic examination.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dental
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2/60. Short and sticky options in the treatment of the partially dentate patient.

    As we move into the twenty-first century, patterns of dental disease in adults are changing. Surveys of adult dental health indicate that more people are keeping their teeth for longer in life. In many cases, the ravages of dental disease and the cumulative effect of a lifetime of restorative dentistry lead to gradual tooth loss. For many of these patients, restoration of a complete dentition may not be feasible nor desirable. In recent years, functionally oriented treatment planning has become acceptable in light of recent research findings. Using this approach, treatment efforts and resources are directed principally at retaining the 'strategic' part of the dentition in the long term, ie, the anterior and premolar teeth. This paper describes, with the aid of treated cases, a means of combining a shortened dental arch strategy with resin bonded bridgework. With the aid of recent research in this area of clinical practice, some suggestions as to the use of the technique are also described.
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ranking = 4
keywords = dental
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3/60. Dental blood supply in the segmentally resected mandible.

    There are approximately 30,000 new cases of oral and pharyngeal carcinoma treated in the united states each year. A large number of these patients go on to receive segmental resection of the mandible, and have natural teeth remaining on the surgical side. To the best of our knowledge, there has not been a thorough discussion of the blood supply to these remaining teeth. Radiographic evidence of periapical pathology in these teeth is unusual, despite the compromised vascular supply. The purpose of this article is to report a case and review the literature on blood supply to teeth after segmental mandibulectomy. Microscopic examination was conducted on the pulpal tissue of a premolar retained on the side of, and anterior to, a segmental mandibular resection. Although abnormal, the pulp tissue showed evidence of a vascular supply 4 yr after mandibular surgery. A literature review was performed, and a discussion is given to explain the continued vascularity of the dentition through collateral and retrograde circulation. Despite the compromised dental circulation on the surgical side, unless radiographic evidence of periapical pathology occurs, endodontic therapy or extraction is not necessary. Due to the compromised nature of the circulation however, these teeth may be more susceptible to caries or restorative dental procedures that may lead to pulpal necrosis.
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ranking = 2
keywords = dental
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4/60. actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans-associated peri-implantitis in an edentulous patient. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: peri-implantitis is a risk factor for implant loss. Late bacterial infection of the peri-implant tissues and loss of alveolar bone in edentulous patients is caused by commensal oral anaerobic bacteria. In partially edentulous patients, porphyromonas gingivalis and occasionally actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are associated with peri-implantitis lesions. AIMS: To investigate the microbiology of a peri-implantitis case in an edentulous patient. methods: Anaerobic culture techniques and selective culture techniques for A. actinomycetemcomitans were used to study the peri-implant microflora at sites with and without bone loss. RESULTS: An anaerobic peri-implant microflora with several putative periodontal pathogens was found at sites with bone loss. Furthermore, a metronidazole-resistant A. actinomycetemcomitans was isolated. The A. actinomycetemcomitans infection did not respond to systemic doxycycline therapy, despite good susceptibility in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: The present case of severe A. actinomycetemcomitans-associated peri-implantitis shows the importance of pre-operative infection control. The findings in this case show that remaining teeth affected by periodontitis can be a serious risk factor for peri-implantitis.
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ranking = 0.1084710400102
keywords = gingival
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5/60. tooth wear and loss: symptomatological and rehabilitating treatments.

    The authors report a clinical case that presented tooth wear and absence, with painful muscular and articular symptomatology, and also alteration in deglutition, mastication and speech. The clinical procedures used were re-establishment of vertical dimension of occlusion, mandibular centric relations, and occlusal contacts through therapeutic removable partial dentures. The condyle position was analyzed in habitual occlusion and in occlusion with dentures, through transcranial radiographs of the temporomandibular joints. Oral rehabilitation was achieved with dental restoration and removable partial dentures.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dental
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6/60. Treatment of aggressive periodontitis by osseointegrated dental implants. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Generalized aggressive periodontitis is described as a clinical entity affecting both deciduous and permanent dentition with extensive alveolar bone loss, mobility, and exfoliation of all or many teeth. Controversy exists on dental implant use to restore missing dentition in younger patients. methods: This case report presents a patient diagnosed with aggressive periodontitis who has lost all but 4 of her teeth. Her personal and functional desires led us to include implant therapy in her treatment plan. The hematological data are presented with an analysis of the immunological profile. RESULTS: dental implants were placed, and following 3 months of osseointegration, an implant-supported prosthesis was completed. The patient was followed up for 36 months. CONCLUSIONS: This case report presents an alternative treatment for rehabilitating dentition in a young patient treated for aggressive periodontitis. Similar case studies may help eliminate some of the controversy that exists regarding the use of dental implants in aggressive periodontitis patients.
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ranking = 6
keywords = dental
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7/60. Occlusal reconstruction of a collapsed bite by orthodontic treatment, pre-prosthetic surgery and implant supported prostheses. A case report.

    The loss of mandibular molars can result in a 'collapsed bite' owing to tilting of teeth adjacent to the gap and overeruption of maxillary molar segments. The lost interarch and interdental space must be regained before prosthetic reconstruction. This case report documents the treatment of a patient by orthodontic, surgical and prosthetic means. The teeth were orthodontically aligned to meet predetermined surgical and prosthetic requirements. The surgical phase comprised a posterior segmental maxillary osteotomy and one-stage placement of three large-diameter implants in the mandible. Finally, the occlusion was restored with mandibular implant-supported prostheses.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dental
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8/60. Interdisciplinary approaches to adult orthodontic care.

    The orthodontic treatment of adult patients is most frequently just one component of a more complex treatment involving several dental disciplines. This report discusses the potential problems related to the establishment of a treatment plan and the necessity for the patient's full acceptance, and understanding of the pros and cons related to different treatment approaches. In addition, the case report underlines the importance of a well-defined treatment goal. We have illustrated the team approach and the treatment principles in this combined perio-, ortho-, and prosthodontic patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dental
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9/60. Growth analysis of a patient with ectodermal dysplasia treated with endosseous implants: a case report.

    Congenital absence of multiple teeth and poorly developed alveolar ridges are associated with ectodermal dysplasia. Affected patients often require dental prosthetic treatment during their developmental years. Maxillofacial growth and development in a preadolescent female patient with ectodermal dysplasia following oral rehabilitation with maxillary and mandibular endosseous dental implants is reported. Four maxillary and 4 mandibular implants were successfully integrated and restored at 8 years of age. Growth analysis 12 years later revealed that the implants followed maxillary and mandibular growth displacement. Minor impaction of the maxillary implants was observed, and mandibular implants were affected by the mandibular growth rotation, which led to a change in implant inclination. The treatment outcome is compared to similar previously reported studies and cases.
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ranking = 2
keywords = dental
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10/60. Enhanced periodontal response and esthetics of implant-supported bridge by the use of galvanoforming technique: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Galvanoforming restorations have been placed over the past 15 years successfully. They offer several advantages over alloy restorations, including enhanced response to the periodontal tissues, biocompatibility, and superior esthetics. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to show the use of the galvanoforming process in dental implant restorations to transfer the benefits of this technique. MATERIALS AND methods: Two standard Branemark fixtures were placed submerged in the lower mandible for the restoration of a three-unit bridge. The impression was taken at fixture level, and two cast individual telescope abutments were inserted. The galvanoforming restoration was seated conventionally without any screw retention. RESULTS: An implant-supported galvanoforming bridge is functioning successfully. The use of biocompatible materials does not compromise the stability of the restoration; instead, the effect on the periodontal tissues is excellent, resulting in less plaque accumulation and bleeding on probing. Microgaps were avoided by conventional seating on the individual telescope gold abutments, revealing superior occlusal esthetics. CONCLUSIONS: This case report demonstrates the practicability of the biocompatible galvanoforming procedure for implant-supported restorations enhancing periodontal response and esthetics.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dental
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