Cases reported "Jaw Neoplasms"

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1/199. Epignathus, double pituitary and agenesis of corpus callosum.

    Two infants from unrelated families died on the 1st day of life with epignathus, duplication of the entire pituitary, infundibulum and sella, and widening or separation of midline structures of the head including absent corpus callosum. We suggest that some infants surviving surgery for large epignathi may have relatively symptomless absent corpus callosum or double pituitary. ( info)

2/199. Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia. Report of a case.

    A case of florid cemento-osseous dysplasia in a 16-year-old Japanese boy is presented. The lesion was unusually large and affected all four quadrants. Progressive increase in the bulk of the lesion was seen. ( info)

3/199. Lesions associated with familial polyposis coli: studies of lesions of lesions of the stomach, duodenum, bones, and teeth.

    The entire gastrointestinal tract and bones were examined systematically in 24 patients (10 pedigrees) in whom familial polyposis coli was diagnosed. Polypoid lesions were observed in the stomach in as high as 68.2% of the cases, and in the duodenum in 90%. Abnormalities were noted in the skeleton in 50% and in the mandible in 81.3%. The authors emphasize the possibility that familial polyposis coli is substantially the same entity as Gardner's Syndrome. ( info)

4/199. Squamous odontogenic tumor. Report of six cases of a previously undescribed lesion.

    Six cases of a previously unnamed oral lesion are described and the name squamous odontogenic tumor is applied. The lesion causes radiolucent areas of bone destruction adjacent to the roots of teeth. In one case there were multiple separate lesions. light microscopy revealed numerous islands of benign squamous epithelium with focal areas of keratinization and calcification. Electron microscope examination in one case showed normal squamous epithelial cells with abundant glycogen granules, tonofilaments and myelin bodies. Complete surgical excision seems the best therapy, as only one lesion recurred following treatment. ( info)

5/199. Malignant myoepithelioma of the breast metastasizing to the jaw.

    A breast tumor in a 52-year-old female was interpreted as a malignant myoepithelioma based on morphological and immunohistochemical studies. The tumor consisted of elongated cells with clear cytoplasm and lacked glandular components. The tumor cells were stained positively for keratin, S-100 protein, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and muscle-specific actin. Distant metastasis in the right jaw developed 8 years after the initial surgery and the metastatic deposit showed a similar morphology and immunoreactivity. Myoepithelial tumors are generally considered as benign or low-grade lesions and distant metastasis has been rarely documented. The present case presents the possibility of delayed occurrence of distant metastasis in myoepithelial tumor of the breast. ( info)

6/199. multiple myeloma involving the jaws and oral soft tissues.

    A case of multiple myeloma with involvement of the oral cavity in a 75-year-old white man is reported. The patient had a two-year history of multiple myeloma. He had four intraoral soft tissue masses that were diagnosed as plasma cell myeloma. Each of these lesions was over a radiographically evident osteolytic lesion of the jaw. The patient was treated by irradiation and chemotherapy. ( info)

7/199. Multiple cementomas (periapical cemental dysplasia). Report of a case.

    A case of periapical cemental dysplasia of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth in a 48-year-old woman is presented, where the stages of calcification can be well documented. ( info)

8/199. Well-differentiated intraosseous osteosarcoma of the jaws: experience of two cases from the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, mexico.

    Osteosarcomas of the jaws represent less than 10% of all osteosarcomas, and most of them are high-grade neoplasms. Prognostic factors in overall survival include tumor size, location and histologic grade. Examples of well-differentiated (low-grade) intraosseous osteosarcomas of the jaws (WDIOJ) have been rarely reported. This article presents two cases of this unusual lesion, one of which was located in the maxilla of a 17-year-old man and the other developed in the mandible of a 37-year-old woman. CT scan was necessary to detect the small foci of penetration into the thinned cortical bone and the reactive periosteal bone formation, which are important findings to establish the correct diagnosis of WDIOJ and help to exclude other benign intraosseous lesions that may be very similar histologically, such as fibrous dysplasia, ossifying and desmoplastic fibromas. In spite of tumor size (mean 5.2 cm), their well-demarcated borders allowed complete removal of both tumors. There is no evidence of tumoral activity in any of our patients after follow-up periods of 15 months and 5 years. Wide excision seems to be the treatment of choice for this subgroup of osteosarcomas. ( info)

9/199. Periosteal osteosarcoma of the jaws: report of 2 cases.

    osteosarcoma (OS) occurs most often in the long bones. OS of the jaws has clinical and biologic aspects different from those of the long bones. They tend to occur at an older mean age, pain and swelling are more typical, and prognosis is more favorable. Nearly all OS shows a very prominent central intramedullary bone component. Only rarely are juxtacortical (peripheral) OS located in the jaws. There are 2 main types of juxtacortical OS, periosteal and parosteal. We present 2 cases of OS of the jaws where the clinical, radiologic, and histologic findings pointed to a diagnosis of periosteal OS. Both patients presented, in fact, with lesions located superficially on the bone surface with no marrow involvement. Both tumors were characterized by the presence of a moderately differentiated chondroblastic tumor with foci of osteoid and bone formation. Periosteal OS should be differentiated microscopically from periosteal chondrosarcoma, intramedullary OS with periosteal extension, high-grade surface OS, and parosteal OS. The clinical differential diagnosis was done, in these cases, for epulis, gingival tumors, peripheral odontogenic fibroma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, pyogenic granuloma, peripheral giant cell granuloma, and mesenchymal malignant tumors. ( info)

10/199. basal cell nevus syndrome. A case report.

    An 11-year-old boy with multiple dentigerous cysts in the maxilla and mandible is described. Other findings seen in the face, plantar skin, skeletal system and oral cavity indicated the lesions to be due to the basal cell nevus syndrome. This was further confirmed by the presence of similar abnormalities in his father and brother. ( info)
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