Cases reported "Jejunal Diseases"

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1/63. Iatrogenic reno-jejunal fistula.

    The development of a reno-jejunal fistula following a Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy for an incorrectly diagnosed pancreatic pseudocyst is described. Up to now, this is the second case of iatrogenic reno-jejunal fistula reported in literature. Reno-jejunal fistulas are exceedingly rare and are usually consequences of urologic pathologies of infectious origin. Reno-jejunal fistulas of iatrogenic origin are even rarer, only one case being referred in literature [1]. Herein the second case is reported.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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2/63. Gastrojejunal fistula after insertion of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.

    The authors report the case of a 12-year-old boy with cystic fibrosis, in whom a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy device migrated into the jejunum, forming a gastrojejunal fistula.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = fistula
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3/63. Gallstone ileus: endoscopic removal of a gallstone obstructing the upper jejunum.

    In a 91-year-old female patient admitted with an ileus, ultrasound and computed tomography demonstrated the obstruction of the upper jejunum by a large gallstone. Due to concurrent diseases the patient was unfit for surgery. An attempt was made to remove the impacted stone endoscopically. After successful mobilization and fragmentation by mechanical lithotripsy the obstruction was cleared away. Since the patient improved considerably after this procedure, the gallbladder and the cholecystoduodenal fistula were left in place.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = fistula
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4/63. Metabolic acidosis during urinary retention in a patient with an enterovesical fistula.

    We report a patient known to have an enterovesical fistula who presented severe acute metabolic acidosis during an episode of urinary retention. The enterovesical fistula which had been intermittently symptomatic for 4 years, had developed after several intestinal surgical procedures and related intraperitoneal sepsis following resection of colon cancer 21 years previously. The patient who had a total colectomy and ileostomy, was admitted for hip replacement with the routine placement of a Foley bladder catheter. Three weeks post-operatively, the patient developed acute urinary retention following removal of the urinary catheter. The output from his ileostomy was immediately markedly increased, presumably from bladder urine diverted into the intestines through the enterovesical fistula. Within a few days he presented a normal anion gap metabolic acidosis with raised urea and stable creatinine; his clinical status deteriorated markedly with profound obtundation. These metabolic abnormalities were readily corrected by re-insertion of the Foley catheter with restoration of normal urine flow and immediate corresponding fall in the ileostomy output. Radiographic studies showed the presence of the enterovesical fistula originating from the jejunum. This is the first report of acute metabolic acidosis in association with an enterovesical fistula; the severe metabolic disturbances were triggered by the development of urinary retention resulting in the diversion of urine into the small bowel through the fistula.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = fistula
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5/63. diagnosis and current management of gastrojejunocolic fistula.

    Gastrojejunocolic fistula is a late complication of gastroenterostomy and is associated with inadequate gastric resection and incomplete vagotomy. In the past, attempted primary repair had high mortality and staged operations were normally performed. We present two cases of gastrojejunocolic fistula and discuss the modern management of this condition. In both cases, improved nutritional support allowed successful one-stage surgical repair to be performed.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = fistula
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6/63. diagnosis of gastrojejunocolic fistula by chromo-colonoscopy.

    The role of colonoscopy has not been adequately evaluated in the diagnosis of gastrojejunocolic fistula. We report the findings and complications of routine colonoscopy in four patients and a novel technique 'Chromo-colonoscopy' in the diagnosis of this entity.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = fistula
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7/63. Cholangiojejunal fistula caused by bile duct stricture after intraoperative injury to the common hepatic artery.

    A 68-year-old man, admitted for the treatment of recurrent cholangitis after a pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) performed 3 years previously was diagnosed as having multiple hepaticolithiasis. On laparotomy, the hepatic artery was not recognized. The anastomosed common hepatic duct was obstructed, and a fistula had been formed between the right hepatic duct and the Roux limb of the jejunum. lithotripsy was performed from this fistula and it was reanastomosed. angiography was performed postoperatively and it revealed common hepatic artery injury, most likely to have occurred during the previous PD. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful and he has been asymptomatic for 8 months after the operation, indicating that reanastomosis of the fistula can be an effective method. The stricture of the anastomosis was suspected to be mainly due to cholangial ischemia, because no episode of anastomotic leak or retrograde biliary infection had occurred during the PD perioperative period. There are several reports of late stricture of anastomosis 5 or more years after cholangiojejunostomy. This patient, therefore, requires further long-term follow up.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = fistula
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8/63. Gastrojejunocolic fistula after gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction: report of a case.

    We herein report the case of a 65-year old man with gastrojejunocolic fistula. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of edema of the lower limbs, diarrhea, and weight loss. His history included a distal gastric resection and Billroth II reconstruction for a duodenal ulcer 20 years previously. The laboratory data on admission revealed hypoproteinemia and hypoalbuminemia. An upper gastrointestinal X-ray series revealed a fistula between the transverse colon and upper jejunum. After improving his state of malnutrition, a partial resection of the remnant stomach, transverse colon, and jejunum, which were involved in the fistula, was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 26th postoperative day. Gastrojejunocolic fistula is one of the severe complications of a stomal ulcer after a gastric resection with Billroth II reconstruction, which is considered to be induced by an inadequate resection of the stomach. As a result of the recent development of improved agents for the treatment of peptic ulcers, the occurrence of gastrojejunocolic fistula has decreased remarkably. However, gastrojejunocolic fistula should be recognized as one of the late severe complications observed after a gastrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction, since this disease may occur even 20 years after the first operation for peptic ulcer.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = fistula
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9/63. Primary aortojejunal fistula due to foreign body: a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding.

    Primary and secondary aortoenteric fistulae are infrequent causes of gastrointestinal bleeding. We report a rare case of a 49-year-old man with bleeding due to an aortojejunal fistula caused by a foreign body. This is the fifth case in the literature in which a foreign body was found to be associated with the development of an aortoenteric fistula. Our patient presented with two herald bleeds with an interval time of 1 week; in previous cases, only one herald bleed has been reported. In addition to the usual resuscitation measures, the patient was treated with primary repair of the small-intestine defect and replacement of the aneurysm with a prosthetic aortic graft. He remains in excellent health thereafter.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = fistula
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10/63. Endovascular repair of aortojejunal fistula.

    A 64-year-old male with vascular occlusive disease involving multiple vessels is presented with a history of aortobifemoral bypass grafting and bilateral femoral false aneurysm surgery. More recently, he had cystectomy for bladder carcinoma and repeated urinary stents and sepsis. Gastrointestinal bleeding developed due to the aortic graft anastomotic false aneurysm eroding into the distal jejunum. Endograft placement stabilized the critical situation and served as a bridge to a safer, more elective resection of the previous graft, the false aneurysm, and the endograft with closure of the jejunum.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = fistula
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