Cases reported "Joint Diseases"

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1/160. Periarticular calcification in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiologic manifestations of periarticular calcification in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to investigate clinical variables associated with its occurrence. methods: hand radiographs and clinical records of 52 patients who had 4 or more features of the 1982 revised criteria for classifying SLE and who had no other collagen vascular diseases were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Periarticular calcifications were found in 7 patients (13.5%) near the distal and proximal interphalangeal (DIP and PIP) joints and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints. No significant association with calcification was noted for the following variables: age at disease onset, duration of the disease, sex, the maximum value of the serum calcium, organic phosphate, and uric acid, Raynaud's phenomenon, lupus nephritis, femoral avascular necrosis, central nervous system lupus, proteinuria, or the use of drugs such as corticosteroids, synthetic vitamin d, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. However, a significant association was noted with the use of furosemide (p < 0.01 by chi-square). In 5 patients periarticular calcification was observed during or just after hyperuricemia had developed while taking diuretics. CONCLUSION: Periarticular calcification in patients with SLE was seen in the DIP, PIP, and MCP joints, and appeared to be associated with the use of diuretics. If patients with SLE are prescribed a diuretic regimen, crystal associated arthritis should be considered as a possibility when diagnosing oligoarthritis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = arthritis
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2/160. Childhood lipoma arborescens presenting as bilateral suprapatellar masses.

    Synovial lipomatous proliferations are uncommon idiopathic lesions. Suprapatellar synovial plicae commonly are diagnosed with mechanical knee problems. However, it is not widely known that these plicae can isolate the suprapatellar pouch from the rest of the knee joint. We describe a case of complete bilateral compartmentalization of the suprapatellar pouch (plica synovialis suprapatellaris) in which a 10-year-old boy developed articular tumors isolated in this area. Arthroscopic synovectomy specimens revealed the lesions to represent lipoma arborescens. Rheumatologists should be aware of these two findings when examining a child with swollen knee.
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ranking = 0.00063286368224881
keywords = idiopathic
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3/160. bacillus Calmette-Guerin associated arthropathy mimicking undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy.

    The development of an inflammatory arthritis mimicking an undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (SpA) was seen in a patient being treated for a superficial bladder cancer with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Physical findings included classic dactylitis of both feet. This is the fourth report identifying a patient with BCG induced articular findings suggestive of a SpA with dactylitis. Studies of BCG stimulated cytokine secretion from peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed the patient to have enhanced interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and reduced interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) levels. Spontaneous IL-6 secretion was markedly elevated for the patient, compared to the control subject, but IFN-gamma secretion was quite similar. No differences were apparent with IL-4.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = arthritis
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4/160. Optic disc edema in neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID).

    PURPOSE: To inform ophthalmologists about neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID), a rare condition with ophthalmologic manifestations. methods: We report a single case of NOMID with optic disc edema. RESULTS: A 28-month-old child with neonatal rash, arthropathy, central nervous system (CNS) involvement, and optic disc edema was diagnosed with NOMID. CONCLUSIONS: The finding of posterior uveitis or optic disc edema in a child with juvenile onset arthritis may allow the differentiation of NOMID from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = arthritis
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5/160. Anterior hip pain.

    Anterior hip pain is a common complaint with many possible causes. Apophyseal avulsion and slipped capital femoral epiphysis should not be overlooked in adolescents. Muscle and tendon strains are common in adults. Subsequent to accurate diagnosis, strains should improve with rest and directed conservative treatment. osteoarthritis, which is diagnosed radiographically, generally occurs in middle-aged and older adults. Arthritis in younger adults should prompt consideration of an inflammatory cause. A possible femoral neck stress fracture should be evaluated urgently to prevent the potentially significant complications associated with displacement. patients with osteitis pubis should be educated about the natural history of the condition and should undergo physical therapy to correct abnormal pelvic mechanics. "sports hernias," nerve entrapments and labral pathologic conditions should be considered in athletic adults with characteristic presentations and chronic symptoms. Surgical intervention may allow resumption of pain-free athletic activity.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = arthritis
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6/160. Acute arthritis caused by Aeromonas hydrophola: clinical and therapeutic aspects.

    Two cases of aeromonas hydrophila arthritis are reported and a third case present in the literature is reviewed. All three cases occurred in patients with myelogenous leukemia; the knee joint was involved in 2 patients and the metacarpal-phalangeal joint in the third. In the 2 patients presented here, synovial fluid antibiotic levels were measured and were adequate; but A hydrophila was repeatedly cultured from the knee joints, a fact suggesting that other factors, such as normal functioning leukocytes and specific opsonizing antibody against the organism, are also necessary to kill A hydrophila.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = arthritis
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7/160. Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda with progressive arthropathy.

    Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda with progressive arthropathy, described by Wynne-Davies et al., is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterised by generalised platyspondyly and epiphyseal involvement, with enlargement of both ends of the short tubular bones of the hands. Clinical features include onset in childhood, a disproportionately short stature and premature osteoarthritis. We describe the clinical and radiographic findings of a young woman suffering from spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda with progressive arthropathy.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = arthritis
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8/160. Dactylitis in a patient with brucellosis.

    Dactylitis is an important feature of inflammatory arthritis and unusual complication of osteoarticular brucellosis. We report a case of dactylitis of the index finger in a female patient with brucellosis.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = arthritis
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9/160. Metastatic lesions in the joint associated with acute inflammatory arthritis after dendritic cell immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma.

    A 47 year old man undergoing immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma with autologous dendritic cells pulsed with autologous tumour peptide and hepatitis b surface antigen developed acute left ankle arthritis. gout and acute infection were excluded, and an autoimmune aetiology or occult metastasis were considered. The arthritis initially subsided with indomethacin, but the symptoms recurred 2 months later, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated metastatic melanoma of the left talus. Immunohistochemical staining of a cerebral metastatic deposit biopsied 1 week after the onset of arthritis demonstrated T-cell and macrophage infiltration of the tumour. In addition, the patient developed melanoma-specific delayed type hypersensitivity and cytotoxic T-cell responses after vaccination. Thus, the monoarthritis represented an 'appropriate' inflammatory response directed against metastatic melanoma.
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ranking = 4
keywords = arthritis
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10/160. Bone and joint involvement in primary amyloidosis.

    Primary amyloidosis is an interesting clinical entity in which amyloid is deposited in various organs, particularly mesodermderived tissues such as heart, skeletal muscle, skin, connective tissue and bone. A case with multiple lytic bone lesions is presented. Comparison to previous similar cases is made with attention being directed to the typical distribution of lesions about large joints with associated soft-tissue prominence and increase in the articular space. The differentiating radiologic features are compared to those of rheumatoid arthritis, hyperparathyroidism, and lytic metastatic lesions, with particular attention being given to the osteolytic lesions of plasmacytomas associated with multiple myeloma.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = arthritis
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