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1/5. eczema herpeticum: a dermatologic emergency.

    eczema herpeticum is a potentially life-threatening herpetic superinfection of a pre-existing skin disease. Despite the availability of antiviral therapies, eczema herpeticum remains a dermatologic emergency today. Two representative cases of eczema herpeticum along with discussion of the etiology, means of diagnosis, treatments, and complications of eczema herpeticum are presented.
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keywords = skin disease
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2/5. Kaposi's varicelliform eruption in a patient with Grover's disease.

    Kaposi's varicelliform eruption is a secondary herpes simplex virus infection that affects patients in the setting of primary dermatologic conditions. It occurs with a variety of skin diseases, although association with Grover's disease has never been reported in the literature. This report describes the manifestations and clinical course. A review of the literature on Kaposi's varicelliform eruption includes disease associations, pathogenesis, and treatment.
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keywords = skin disease
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3/5. Kaposi's varicelliform eruption: a case report and review of the literature.

    Disseminated herpes or vaccinia in the setting of underlying skin diseases is known as Kaposi's varicelliform eruption (KVE). patients typically present with disseminated vesicopustules in the areas of the most severe involvement of their underlying skin disease. We report a case of eczema herpeticum in a woman with a long-standing history of atopic dermatitis (AD). This report also reviews the literature on eczema herpeticum and eczema vaccinatum (EV), summarizes clinical and histopathologic characteristics and treatment, and discusses the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for smallpox vaccination.
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ranking = 2
keywords = skin disease
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4/5. herpes simplex: autoinoculation versus dissemination.

    Autoinoculation and dissemination (or Kaposi's varicelliform eruption (KVE) or eczema herpeticum) of herpetic lesions are two forms of viral spread, and it is essential to differentiate the two. Autoinoculation means true infection with retrograde transport of the virus to the dorsal root ganglia of the relevant dermatome that allows the virus to remain there in a latent state for a lifetime, with periodic reactivation. Autoinoculation is, in a manner of speaking, a kind of self-infection with a virus that exists in the host. In contrast, KVE involves a spread of the lesions to the skin areas affected by another skin disease, but there is no true inoculation, i.e. the nerve endings and ganglion are not affected, and so reactivation and recurrences of these lesions will not usually occur. Four cases of autoinoculation and two of KVE illustrate the differences between these two forms of viral spread.
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keywords = skin disease
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5/5. Darier's disease and Kaposi's varicelliform eruption.

    Kapos's varicelliform eruption usually occurs in persons with active skin disease of various types; however, in atopic dermatitis the condition may occur when the underlying disease is inactive. Two cases of widespread herpes simplex infection associated with Darier's disease are reported. In both cases, infection occurred in the absence of preexisting Darier skin lesions. In one case there was no previous history of Darier's disease. The infection occurred in the third trimester of pregnancy, but it did not appear to affect the infant or the placenta. In the second case, the Darier's disease was in remission at the time of onset of the virus infection.
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ranking = 1
keywords = skin disease
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