Cases reported "Keratoderma, Palmoplantar"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/85. Mutchinick syndrome in a Japanese girl.

    We report on a 7-year-old Japanese girl with Mutchinick syndrome, a rare congenital malformation syndrome described in a pair of Argentinean sisters and a pair of German brothers; both originating from the same geographic region in the former East prussia. The girl we describe had most of the clinical manifestations of the syndrome, including growth and developmental retardation, and craniofacial anomalies with microcephaly, hypertelorism, a broad straight nose, low-set malformed ears, and a wide, tented mouth. She also had the following hitherto undescribed manifestations: ventricular septal defect, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, bilateral partial soft-tissue syndactyly of second and third toes, and megaloureters. The occurrence of the syndrome in a Japanese girl indicates that the syndrome is not restricted to the descendants of individuals from a confined region in northeastern europe.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = congenita, defect
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/85. Epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma due to a novel type of keratin mutation, a 3-bp insertion in the keratin 9 helix termination motif.

    Epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (EPPK) is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by diffuse keratoderma, typically with an erythematous border. Histologically, palmoplantar epidermis shows suprabasal cytolysis and ultrastructurally, tonofilament aggregation with overlying epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. Mutations in the KRT9 gene, encoding keratin 9 (K9), a cytoskeletal protein expressed exclusively in suprabasal keratinocytes of palmoplantar epidermis, have been reported to cause EPPK. To date, all KRT9 defects reported in EPPK have been missense mutations in exon 1, which encodes the start of the alpha-helical rod domain. However, based on studies of other keratin disorders, it was postulated that mutations at the other end of the rod domain might also produce the EPPK phenotype. Here, we report the first mutation in the 2B domain of KRT9, 1362ins3, leading to an insertion of histidine in the helix termination motif of the K9 polypeptide. Insertional mutations have not been previously described in keratins. The phenotype of this case is similar to EPPK caused by 1A domain mutations, demonstrating that mutations in either of the helix boundary motif sequences of K9 are detrimental to keratin function and keratinocyte structure.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0010260485603146
keywords = defect
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/85. Eruptive vellus hair cyst in a patient with pachyonychia congenita.

    pachyonychia congenita is characterized by symmetrical nail dystrophy, palmoplantar keratoderma, oral leukokeratosis, and follicular hyperkeratosis. In addition to these features, multiple cutaneous cysts of various kinds have been described. We report a case of pachyonychia congenita associated with eruptive vellus hair cyst.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5.9938437086381
keywords = congenita
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/85. Cloning of multiple keratin 16 genes facilitates prenatal diagnosis of pachyonychia congenita type 1.

    pachyonychia congenita type 1 (PC-1) is an autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia characterized by severe nail dystrophy, focal non-epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (FNEPPK) and oral lesions. We have previously shown that mutations in keratin K16 cause fragility of specific epithelia resulting in phenotypes of PC-1 or FNEPPK alone. These earlier analyses employed an RT-PCR approach to avoid amplification of K16-like pseudogenes. Here, we have cloned the K16 gene (KRT16A) and two homologous pseudogenes (psiKRT16B and psiKRT16C), allowing development of a genomic mutation detection strategy based on a long-range PCR, which is specific for the functional K16 gene. We report a novel heterozygous 3 bp deletion mutation (388del3) in K16 in a sporadic case of PC-1. The mutation was detected in genomic dna and confirmed at the mRNA level by RT-PCR, showing that our genomic PCR system is reliable for K16 mutation detection. Using this system, we carried out the first prenatal diagnosis for PC-1 using CVS material, correctly predicting a normal fetus. This work will greatly improve K16 mutation analysis and allow predictive testing for PC-1 and the related phenotype of FNEPPK.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 100.83425424553
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, congenita, dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/85. costello syndrome with decreased glucose tolerance.

    We report a case of costello syndrome, which is an uncommon multisystemic condition with cutaneous manifestations on the palms and soles. In the literature there are 29 cases described, all the studies are published in the genetic literature with a few exceptions. We add a further case associated with impaired glucose tolerance. The diagnostic clinical signs are impressive, and highly characteristic. Cutaneous manifestations are: loose skin of the hands and feet "washer woman's hand", hyperkeratosis palmoplantaris, curly or sparse hair, acanthosis nigricans, papillomata nasi. Coarse, progeroid facial features with a bulbous nose, feeding difficulties in infancy, cardiac involvement with cardiomyopathy or conduction defect, and in our case impaired glucose tolerance also presented. Postnatal growth retardation, mental retardation, and a distinctive friendly personality is characteristic. Hyperextensible fingers with broad distal phalanges and joint contractures were observed, and peroneal hypertonicity required treatment by achilles tendon lengthening. The decreased glucose tolerance is interesting in the view of the acanthosis nigricans. No storage disease and no chromosomal abnormality were observed. Only in one case is a balanced translocation described in the literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0010260485603146
keywords = defect
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/85. A case of pachyonychia congenita with oral leukoplakia and steatocystoma multiplex.

    Pachyonchia congenita (PC) is an uncommon autosomal dominant genodermatosis affecting the nails and other ectodermal tissues. The most striking features are symmetrically thickened dysmorphic nails and hyperkeratotic skin lesions. We report a case of pachyonychia congenita in a 30-year-old male patient who had thickening and gray-brown discoloration of all nails and many nodules on his back and neck. He also had hyperkeratotic skin lesions on both feet. His tongue had irregularly-shaped, whitish plaques. histology of these nodules revealed the characteristic features of steatocystoma multiplex. After treatment with oral retinoic acid, his hyperkeratotic skin lesions improved.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5.9938437086381
keywords = congenita
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/85. A case of spontaneous mutation in the keratin 9 gene associated with epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma.

    Epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma appears to be due to defects in keratin 9, the palmoplantar specific type 1 keratin. We report a case of spontaneous mutation, a C to T transition at codon 162, resulting in an arginine to tryptophan substitution in the 1 A region of the alpha helical rod domain of keratin 9. This provides further evidence that this codon is an important spot for mutation in keratin 9.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0010260485603146
keywords = defect
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/85. An SRY-negative XX male with Huriez syndrome.

    This report studies a 42-year-old 46,XX patient affected by palmoplantar keratoderma. clinically classified as Huriez syndrome. The patient showed a male phenotype with apparently normal male features including testicular development. Cytogenetic and chromosomal painting analysis excluded the presence of translocation of the y chromosome. PCR analysis of genomic dna failed to detect the presence of the testis-determining gene, SRY. The presence of other Y-chromosome genes, known to be involved in testicular maturation and spermatogenesis, has also been analyzed. The data suggest that the sex reversal in this 46,XX male patient is due to a defect on a yet unidentified autosomal or X-linked sex-determining gene. The relationship between the sex reversion and the presence of sclerotylosis is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0010260485603146
keywords = defect
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/85. A mutation in the V1 domain of K16 is responsible for unilateral palmoplantar verrucous nevus.

    Palmoplantar keratodermas are a group of heterogeneous diseases characterized by thickening, and marked hyperkeratosis, of the epidermis of the palms and soles. Palmoplantar keratodermas can be divided into four major classes: diffuse, focal, punctate, and palmoplantar ectodermal dysplasias. All forms are genetic diseases inherited as autosomal dominant disorders. We studied a patient exhibiting a localized thickening of the skin in parts of the right palm and the right sole, following Blaschko's lines, that does not fit into any classes already described. We sequenced the keratin 16 cDNA derived from skin biopsy material from affected and non affected palms. The keratin 16 cDNA sequence from lesional epidermis showed a 12 base pair deletion (309-320del), which deletes codons 104-107. The mutation is predicted to delete four amino acids, GGFA, from the V1 domain of the keratin 16 polypeptide, close to the 1A domain. Full-length keratin 16 cDNA sequence derived from the unaffected palm was completely normal, consistent with a postzygotic mutation as is suggested by the mosaicism observed. We defined this new clinical entity, "unilateral palmoplantar verrucous nevus", rather than localized or focal epidermolytic palmoplantar keratodermas, as the lesions are present only on one side of the body and follow Blaschko's lines. This study is a report of a mosaic mutation in keratin 16 and also the association of a mutation in the V1 domain of a type I keratin associated with a human disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 95.839384488327
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/85. Inherited palmoplantar keratoderma and sensorineural deafness associated with A7445G point mutation in the mitochondrial genome.

    We report a French pedigree with members having an inherited combination of non-epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (NEPPK) and sensorineural deafness. The penetrance of both features was incomplete. Additional ectodermal defects were absent. The expression of numerous epidermal proteins (keratins, fillagrin, cornified envelope proteins, intercellular junction proteins including connexin 26, and loricrin) defined with immunolabelling was normal in the proband. The combination was shown to be associated with the A7445G point mutation in the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA). This mutation is responsible for a subtype of NEPPK which is so far the only mtDNA mutation-associated keratoderma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.0010260485603146
keywords = defect
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Keratoderma, Palmoplantar'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.