Cases reported "Keratosis, Seborrheic"

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1/69. Chemotherapy-induced inflammation in seborrheic keratoses mimicking disseminated herpes zoster.

    We report a rare instance of chemotherapy-induced seborrheic keratoses of Leser-Trelat in a patient with acute leukemia. In addition, this is the first known case to mimic disseminated herpes zoster. ( info)

2/69. Superficial spreading (and disappearing) seborrheic keratosis.

    A rapidly spreading plaque of seborrheic keratosis developed following liquid nitrogen treatment and involuted quietly after a dermatitis developed; polymerase chain reaction of the tissue did not demonstrate papillomavirus dna. Seborrheic keratoses can both develop and involute from more than one cause. ( info)

3/69. A poroid neoplasia arising close to a seborrheic keratosis and a trichoepithelioma.

    A 69-year-old woman had a well-defined, slightly raised, brownish, keratotic plaque with an eccentric group of roughly circular, bluish, dome nodules on her right scapular area. Histological study revealed the presence of an eccrine poroma demonstrating features of eccrine poroma, hidroacanthoma simplex, and dermal duct tumor and arising in a lesion of seborrheic keratosis and a trichoepithelioma. In the eccrine poroma region, an area with malignant changes was evident. The findings in this case support the view of eccrine poroma as a spectrum of histological variants and the possibility of malignant transformation from a eccrine poroma towards porocarcinoma. The association with seborrheic keratosis is most probably coincidental, and the trichoepithelioma was probably due to induction of the tumoral stroma on adjacent follicular epithelia. ( info)

4/69. Seborrheic keratosis of conjunctiva simulating a malignant melanoma: an immunocytochemical study with impression cytology.

    OBJECTIVE: Seborrheic keratosis on the conjunctiva appears to have never been reported in the literature. The authors report here a well-documented case of seborrheic keratosis of conjunctiva clinically simulating a malignant melanoma. DESIGN: Case report. methods: A 66-year-old man presented with a juxtalimbal pigmented tumor involving the temporal conjunctiva of his left eye. Because of the rapid enlargement of the mass within a period of 5 months, a clinical diagnosis of malignant melanoma was made. Cytopathologic examinations were performed by impression cytology before the patient underwent a wide en-block excision of the tumor. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cytologic features were studied by impression cytology with periodic acid-Schiff-Papanicolaou stain. Immunochemical characteristics of tumor cells were studied by immunochemical stain of cytokeratin and HMB-45. Tumor morphology was observed by histopathologic examination. RESULTS: Impression cytology disclosed basaloid cells intermixing with squamoid cells, and these cells demonstrated positive immunoreactivity to cytokeratin and no reactivity to HMB-45. Histopathologic examination of the tumor specimen established the diagnosis of seborrheic keratosis, and the results of immunohistochemical staining were consistent with those of the impression cytology with immunocytochemical staining. CONCLUSION: The authors describe the first case report of conjunctival seborrheic keratosis and present its immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical characteristics. Such a benign lesion can clinically mimic a malignant melanoma. ( info)

5/69. A solitary cutaneous tumor with distinct areas of verruca and seborrheic keratosis-like lesion.

    A single, exophytic, cutaneous tumor on the thigh of a 52-year-old man was examined by light microscopy, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. It demonstrated distinct areas of verruca and of seborrheic keratosis-like morphology simultaneously. Focally, architectural abnormalities were noted in some deeper parts of the tumor, but there was no morphological evidence of malignancy. The patient has remained disease-free for two and a half years after surgery. Biotinylated full genomicDNA probes of HPV confirmed the presence of types 6/11 exclusively in the verrucous portion of the neoplasm. In the verrucous component p53 protein was overexpressed and, additionally, increased Ki-67 immunopositive signals were detected, being localized below the HPV-dna-expressing spinous cells. ( info)

6/69. Coexistence of acanthosis nigricans and the sign of Leser-Trelat in a patient with gastric adenocarcinoma: a case report and literature review.

    The association of acanthosis nigricans (AN) with the sign of Leser-Trelat (LT) and gastric carcinoma is rare. Our patient was a 69-year-old man, who presented with hematemesis; a stage-IV poorly differentiated, diffuse-type, adenocarcinoma of the gastric antrum was diagnosed. The AN was striking, with florid cutaneous papillomatosis that also involved the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyelids, and keratoderma. AN and the sign of LT predated tumor detection by 6 months and regressed after chemotherapy in parallel with reduction of the tumor load, demonstrating the dermatoses as paraneoplastic phenomena. The patient died 7 months after completion of chemotherapy. The coexistence of AN and the sign of LT should prompt a search for underlying malignancy. The pathogenesis of both dermatoses is discussed. ( info)

7/69. Clinicopathological correlation of pigmented skin lesions using dermoscopy.

    dermoscopy (dermatoscopy, epiluminescence microscopy) is an additional measure for making the diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions more accurate. It enables the clinician to visualize features not discernible by the naked eye. By applying enhanced digital dermoscopy and a standardized gross pathology protocol to pigmented skin lesions, a precise clinicopathological correlation of relevant dermoscopic features can be made. Histological specimens of four pigmented skin lesions (melanoma in situ, Clark's nevus, Reed's nevus, seborrheic keratosis) were processed using a standardized gross pathology protocol and viewed along with the clinical photographs and digital dermoscopic images that were magnified and enhanced to better visualize the corresponding dermoscopic structures. Furthermore, measurements of dermoscopic structures using digital equipment were correlated with histometric findings. Our understanding of dermoscopic features, especially the broadened pigment network - a specific dermoscopic criterion for melanoma - was refined by this detailed case-by-case correlation. In addition, some not yet fully characterized dermoscopic features, such as black lamella, radial streaks, and exophytic papillary structures, were described in detail dermoscopically and histopathologically. Moreover, measurements of these dermoscopic features and the underlying histological structures were found to be similar. Linking dermoscopy more closely with cutaneous pathology may help refine the definitions and diagnostic criteria of pigmented skin lesions for dermatologists as well as dermatopathologists. ( info)

8/69. Malignant melanoma arising in a seborrheic keratosis.

    We report a case of malignant melanoma associated with seborrheic keratosis. This has been reported rarely in the literature, with disagreement regarding whether it is coincidental or whether malignant transformation occurs. Because seborrheic keratoses are common and association with malignant melanoma is very rare, we conclude that the association is coincidental. However, because of the association of other malignancies, a biopsy of any suspect or changing seborrheic keratosis is essential. ( info)

9/69. Multiple fibroepithelial basal cell carcinoma of Pinkus associated with seborrheic keratosis in a nevoid distribution.

    We describe a patient with multiple fibroepithelial basal-cell carcinoma (FEBCC) associated with seborrheic keratosis distributed in a neviform fashion on the left side of the body and clinically resembling skin tags. ( info)

10/69. The sign of Leser-Trelat in a case of adenocarcinoma of the lung.

    This is what we believe to be the first report of the sign of Leser-Trelat in association with occult adenocarcinoma of the lung. The sign of Leser-Trelat is proposed as a sign of possible occult malignancy, despite various suggestions to the contrary. Also, it is suggested that a tumor-produced humoral factor (eg, transforming growth factor-alpha [TGF-alpha]) could be responsible for both the acute eruption of the monomorphous seborrheic keratoses and the nearly concomitant development of acanthosis nigricans, which occurred in our case. The possible distinction between a hyperplastic and a neoplastic origin of various types of seborrheic keratosis is discussed in relation to this hypothetical humoral factor. In addition, we suggest a refinement of the definition of the sign of Leser-Trelat and discuss the use of "sign of Leser-Trelat" and "syndrome of Leser-Trelat" in relation to physical findings. All patients with the sign of Leser-Trelat should undergo a thorough evaluation for occult malignancy. ( info)
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