Cases reported "Kidney Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/18. Leukemic urate nephropathy.

    The tubules appear to be the primary sites of injury in renal failure and urate nephropathy associated with leukemia. Tubular injury is not always associated with precipitation and phagocytosis of crystals, except in the collecting tubules where cellular changes are invariably caused by intraluminal crystallization of urates. The electron microscopical observations in this communication may apply to the urate nephropathy associated with hyperuricemia of various causes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/18. Improving the nurse-patient relationship: a multi-faceted approach.

    AIM: The aim of the symposium was to provide strategies to help overcome different types of nurse-patient communication problems, with particular reference to the renal disease setting. In this context, the importance of effective patient education to increase patient compliance played a vital role. The case studies presented and the subsequent discussions helped increase the awareness of important medical aspects, such as the increased risk of anaemia-related complications in diabetic patients and the importance of early referral and anaemia treatment in patients with renal disease. Strategies proposed were supported by best practice guidelines and the latest scientific data. METHODOLOGY: A moderator led an interactive session that included two video case studies, scientific presentations and panel discussions. The audience played an active role by expressing their opinions via keypads. The case studies and the views of the audience were discussed by a panel of experts, who related their experiences and advice. CONCLUSIONS: A good nurse-patient relationship is essential to meet the clinical, psychological and social needs of the patient in order to optimise treatment. Effective patient education is an important tool to meet patient's needs and increase treatment compliance. Moreover, optimal treatment of patients requires a multidisciplinary approach to allow early identification and treatment of associated co-morbidities. Anaemia-related co-morbidities are particularly important in diabetic patients with renal disease, since this patient group develops anaemia at an early stage and has a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular complications. In renal disease, there are well-defined guidelines and treatment options for anaemia-related co-morbidities, which can easily be adapted to a patient's needs in order to offer flexible, individualised treatment with the aim of improving treatment outcomes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/18. Rapid communication: acute renal failure associated with tenofovir: evidence of drug-induced nephrotoxicity.

    Drug-induced renal failure is a relatively common event in patients infected with hiv. This group of patients receives a number of potentially nephrotoxic medications for a variety of illnesses. The acyclic nucleoside phosphonates cidofovir and adefovir are antivirals that possess significant nephrotoxicity. Interestingly, tenofovir disoproxil fumurate (DF) is structurally similar to these 2 agents, yet seems to be less nephrotoxic based on a few published studies in hiv patients with intact renal function. We present a case in which acute renal failure developed after therapy with tenofovir DF in a patient with hiv and stable chronic kidney disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/18. Aspiration cytology of focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis: a diagnostic challenge.

    A case of focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis presenting as a circumscribed mass in a functioning kidney of a young male is described. Clinical, radiological, and cytological features closely mimicked renal cell carcinoma leading to radical nephrectomy. Peroperative findings and gross pathological features also corroborated preoperative diagnosis. The final diagnosis was a histologic surprise. It is an uncommon entity with cortical location, no pelvic communication, and progressively destroying the kidney. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any mass lesion at any age during preoperative clinicoradiological and cytological evaluation. A correct preoperative diagnosis can save unnecessary nephrectomy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/18. Non-parasitic chyluria: an interesting case of uncertain interpretation.

    Chyluria occurs as a result of communication between the lymphatics and the urinary system. It is a common problem in developing countries. Since its original description by Hippocrates, chyluria has been mentioned frequently in the literature and has remained puzzling in many reports. As a rare occurrence, chyluria may present many diagnostic and therapeutic problems. A man with an interesting history of non-parasitic chyluria and an unusual radiological finding is described herein. The etiology and various treatments of chyluria are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/18. High-output congestive heart failure successfully treated with transcatheter coil embolization of a large renal arteriovenous fistula.

    Left heart catheterization was performed in response to progressive congestive heart failure of uncertain etiology in a 59-year-old male. The coronary arteries were normal but screening abdominal aortography revealed a large arterial venous communication between the left inferior segmental renal artery and the ipsilateral renal vein. The massive size and brisk flow patterns in the fistula presented technical challenges for transcatheter closure. The use of multiple Amplatz vascular obstructive devices (spiders) to create a matrix for securing subsequent coils in staged procedures and the patient's progress following successful closure are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/18. Percutaneous balloon dilatation in treatment of infected pyelocaliceal diverticulum.

    abscess formation is a known complication of pyelocaliceal diverticulum. Although successful management of stones complicating pyelocaliceal diverticulum has been described utilizing percutaneous techniques, this is the first report to our knowledge of a percutaneous technique that simultaneously manages an acute abscess and provides for ablation of the diverticular cavity thus preventing future recurrences. The method involves placement of single or multiple stents spanning the diverticulum and the collecting system proper following percutaneous dilatation of the narrow isthmus that usually provides the communication with the main collecting system. The procedure offers an economical and tissue-sparing approach, which obviates the need for major abdominal or retroperitoneal operation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/18. Pyelo-choledochal fistula accompanying operative cholangiography.

    Fistulous communications between the biliary system and the urinary tract are encountered infrequently and, routinely, they are associated with operative dissections involving both systems. We report a case of opacification of the right renal collecting system during cholangiography following uneventful cholecystectomy. Prompt spontaneous resolution was verified by subsequent excretory urography.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/18. Percutaneous management of a pyelocaliceal diverticular abscess.

    A renal abscess secondary to obstruction and infection of a pyelocaliceal diverticulum was managed successfully percutaneously. The diverticulum spontaneously re-established communication with the renal collecting system. No surgery was required and the patient was well 2 years later.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/18. Unusual complications of renal cyst puncture.

    The authors present a case of subcapsular hematoma with compromise of renal function and a case of arteriovenous communication as two infrequent complications of renal cyst puncture.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = communication
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Kidney Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.