Cases reported "Kidney Neoplasms"

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1/23. Renal cortical outline evaluation in excretory urography.

    Capillary phase nephrogram films and tomography were used to evaluate renal cortical outlines and renal parenchymal masses. The method of examination and the results are presented, showing the capillary phase film to be beneficial and to play a significant role in excretory urography. No increase in the incidence of side effects was noted with the rapid injection technique.
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2/23. En bloc surgery for colon cancer: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 57-year-old woman in whom successful en bloc surgery was performed for locally advanced colon cancer. A fixed tumor was palpable in the right subcostal region, and computed tomography (CT) showed that it originated in the ascending colon and invaded the right kidney, duodenum, head of the pancreas, and liver. A right hemicolectomy with D3 lymphadenectomy was performed combined with resection of the right kidney, duodenum, head of the pancreas, and liver. On microscopic examination, well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon widely invaded the parenchyma of the kidney, the parenchyma of the pancreatic head, and the duodenal wall. Lymph node metastasis was found in one paracolic node. This case report outlines the procedures involved in this extended surgery.
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3/23. Renal neoplasms in adult survivors of childhood wilms tumor.

    PURPOSE: survivors of childhood wilms tumor have been followed by large collaborative studies for approximately 31 years. In this time a number of second malignant neoplasms have been documented in these wilms tumor survivors and they are at higher risk for such development compared with the general population. To our knowledge no renal neoplasms have been previously reported in patients successfully treated for wilms tumor in childhood. MATERIALS AND methods: We reviewed the cases of 4 adults in whom wilms tumor was treated in childhood by radical nephrectomy and adjuvant therapy and who presented to our institution with complex cystic or solid renal masses in the contralateral kidney. Parameters, including patient age at wilms tumor diagnosis, wilms tumor treatment modalities, age at second malignant neoplasm presentation and resected renal lesion pathology were outlined. A thorough literature review was performed to identify the development of renal malignancies as second malignant neoplasms in survivors of wilms tumor in childhood. RESULTS: The International Society of Pediatric Oncology and National wilms tumor Study have followed patients treated for wilms tumor for no greater than 31 years. Renal neoplasms, including 2 renal cell carcinomas, 1 oncocytoma and 1 atypical cyst, in the solitary remaining kidney of relatively young adults 34 to 50 years old who were treated for wilms tumor greater than 31 years ago were successfully treated with partial nephrectomy at our institution. Neither the International Society of Pediatric Oncology nor National wilms tumor Study has identified renal cell carcinoma as a second malignant neoplasm in patients successfully treated for wilms tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Our experience suggests that relatively young adults with a history of childhood treatment for wilms tumor may be at increased risk for renal neoplasms at ages not yet achieved by those enrolled in large multicenter trials. This possibility should be considered when planning the long-term followup of these patients. The potential to develop this type of second malignant neoplasm again raises the clinical issue of performing a primary nephron sparing procedure in children presenting with wilms tumor.
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4/23. Cellular mesoblastic nephroma: morphologic, cytogenetic and molecular links with congenital fibrosarcoma.

    Congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN) is a rare renal tumor of early infancy with a favorable outcome after complete surgical removal. CMN consists of a heterogeneous group of spindle cell tumors subdivided into "classical", "cellular or atypical" and "mixed" forms based on histologic features. We describe a new case of cellular CMN diagnosed by antenatal ultrasonography with complete remission five years after nephrectomy. Cytogenetic study evidenced a trisomy 11, and real time RT-PCR, but not conventional karyotype, allowed for the detection of the Tel-ETV6/TrkC-NTRK3 fusion transcript as a consequence of a cryptic t(12-15)(p13;q25). As in congenital fibrosarcoma (CFS), two Tel-ETV6/ TrkC-NTRK3 fusion transcripts different by a 42 bp insert in the TrkC kinase domain were expressed. Our observations outline the close links between cellular CMN and CFS. Both tumors have the clinical presentation and histologic features as well as identical cytogenetic and molecular markers in common. Therefore, they are likely to represent the same neoplasm, but occurring at different locations.
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5/23. Bilateral primary renal lymphoma.

    BACKGROUND: Primary renal lymphoma is rare with no well-defined diagnostic criteria. AIM: To describe the first reported case of bilateral and primary renal lymphoma and describe diagnostic criteria. RESULT AND CONCLUSION: If a diagnosis of primary renal lymphoma is to be considered, then specific diagnostic criteria (as outlined) must first be satisfied.
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6/23. Solitary floating vena caval thrombus as a late recurrence of renal cell carcinoma.

    We report an unusual case of solitary thrombus floating in the inferior vena cava (IVC) in a patient who underwent radical nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma (RCC) of the right kidney extended into the renal vein with no capsular and perinephric tissue invasion (pT3b). Twenty months after surgery, a routine computed tomography scan identified an intraluminal mass floating in the IVC. Cavotomy and thrombectomy with no caval resection were successfully performed. A review of the literature showed only three previous published cases of RCC recurring in the IVC only, with no local recurrence or distant metastases. We outline the possible etiology of these unusual and solitary recurrences in the IVC and we emphasize the need for a strict surveillance for all patients with RCC and especially for those with pT1b, pT2 and pT3 disease. An early diagnosis of this rare recurrence can permit an easy removal of the thrombus with no caval resection and graft replacement, making this disease potentially curable by surgery.
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7/23. Conservative management of hyperplastic and multicentric nephroblastomatosis.

    PURPOSE: The treatment of hyperplastic nephroblastomatosis remains controversial. We report the advantages of conservative management of hyperplastic and multicentric nephroblastomatosis associated with unilateral wilms tumor (WT). MATERIALS AND methods: During the last 10 years 48 children with unilateral WT were consecutively treated at our 2 institutions. Children with multiple solid renal masses on imaging were treated with 2-drug chemotherapy until disappearance of the lesions. Stabilization or progression of the lesions despite chemotherapy, as well as heterogeneity of the lesions on imaging, prompted nephron sparing surgery (NSS). RESULTS: Three female infants (12, 13 and 20 months old, respectively) presented with multiple solid renal tumors at imaging. Despite chemotherapy, small and unilateral WT developed in 2 cases of hyperplastic nephroblastomatosis, which was excised. One of these infants subsequently presented with a small contralateral metachronous WT, which was excised. Both infants are disease-free with 2 normal kidneys at followup of 6 and 2 years, respectively. The third infant, who presented with unilateral multicentric WT and unilateral hyperplastic nephroblastomatosis nodules, was successfully treated with preoperative chemotherapy and enucleation of 5 tumors. Subsequently, nephrectomy was performed at another institution because the abnormal kidney outline due to NSS was misinterpreted as a recurrence of WT. She was lost to followup. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperplastic and multicentric nephroblastomatosis is not a rare lesion and is most often associated, either initially or subsequently, with WT. In some infants with multiple solid renal masses on imaging chemotherapy and for developing WT NSS may safely allow maximum sparing of the parenchyma of both kidneys.
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8/23. Sarcomatous dedifferentiated renal cell carcinoma mimicking a severe purulent kidney infection.

    Sarcomatous renal cell carcinomas (SRCCs) originate from a dedifferentiation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). They are characterized by an aggressive course and very poor prognosis. Less known is their ability to imitate inflammatory diseases of the kidney. The aim of the study was to outline the less usual symptoms of SRCCs in a retrospective analysis of 180 patients operated for RCC in 1997-2001. In 11 (6.1%) patients (8 men and 3 women, age 40-76 years, mean age 60 years) SRCC was present. The pTNM classification, results of histological examination, the stage of RCC dedifferentiation and survival after the operation are presented. In almost every patient SRCC was diagnosed at a late stage with combined histological variants of RCC. survival of the patients after the operation ranged from 1 to 19 (average 8.8) months. In 2 patients an atypical clinical picture imitated abscess of the kidney and calculous pyonephrosis. The authors warn that in spite of the clinical signs of inflammatory disease of the kidneys, a tumorous origin should be excluded. In doubtful cases a quick peroperative biopsy and histology should be performed. Sometimes only a definitive histological examination can reveal the tumorous origin of the disease.
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9/23. Perioperative management of peritoneal dialysis patients: review of abdominal surgery.

    On abdominal computed tomography scan for evaluation of hematuria, the index patient, a 23-year-old male, was found to have multiple renal cysts bilaterally. He had been on peritoneal dialysis for 6 years, complicated by intermittent episodes of exit-site infection and peritonitis. Over time, he developed recurrent urinary tract infection and nephrolithiasis with intermittent hematuria. His maintenance dose of recombinant erythropoietin was discontinued, and he maintained a normal hemoglobin level. Annual surveillance of the bilateral renal cysts with magnetic resonance imaging revealed development of a complex cystic mass that warranted further investigation. Following a urology consultation, laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed without complications and with minimal interruption of PD. pathology evaluation revealed renal cell carcinoma within the renal parenchyma and multiple cystic structures consistent with acquired cystic kidney disease. No clear recommendations exist in the literature regarding continuation or interruption of PD in the perioperative period for planned nephrectomy, tumor resection, or other uncomplicated abdominal or retroperitoneal procedures. A perioperative management strategy for PD patients requiring abdominal or retroperitoneal surgery is outlined here. If these recommendations are followed, patients may continue PD with minimal interruption, preservation of the peritoneal membrane, and few complications.
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10/23. Inverted papilloma of the renal pelvis.

    The authors describe a rare case of inverted papilloma of the renal pelvis. A pathological, clinical and epidemiological review of this lesion is given. Up-to-date diagnostic work-up is outlined.
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