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1/2. Acute renal failure following binge drinking and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.

    Two college students who developed reversible acute deterioration in renal function following binge drinking of beer and the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are reported. Both patients presented with back and flank pain with muscle tenderness, but showed no evidence of overt rhabdomyolysis. The first case had marked renal failure, with a peak serum creatinine reaching 575 mumol/L (6.5 mg/dL), and acute tubular necrosis was documented by renal biopsy. The second case had only modest elevation in serum creatinine, and renal function rapidly improved on rehydration. The contribution of the potential muscle damage associated with alcohol ingestion to the changes in renal function in these two cases is not clear. However, the major mechanism for the acute renal failure was thought to be related to inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis in the face of compromised renal hemodynamics secondary to alcohol-induced volume depletion.
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2/2. syndrome of flank pain and acute renal failure after binge drinking and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ingestion.

    The binge drinking of alcohol combined with the ingestion of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) is a recently described cause of reversible acute renal failure. The pathogenetic mechanisms leading to acute tubular necrosis in this setting include the initial compromise in renal perfusion due to alcohol-induced extracellular volume contraction and the superimposed renal hemodynamic alterations induced by the NSAID that interfere with the renal autoregulation. Although alcohol may also cause rhabdomyolysis leading to acute tubular necrosis, this is usually not apparent in these cases. Previously, only three such cases have been reported but the incidence is likely to be higher in view of the prevalence of alcohol and NSAID use. Herein is presented another patient in whom the features of flank pain and acute renal failure in association with binge drinking and NSAID ingestion constitute a characteristic syndrome.
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