Cases reported "Kluver-Bucy Syndrome"

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1/5. Post-encephalitic kluver-bucy syndrome.

    kluver-bucy syndrome is a rare amalgamation of neurobehavioural signs and symptoms seen infrequently in humans following insult to bilateral temporal lobes. This report presents a case which along with emerging symptoms of kluver-bucy syndrome, developed attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) consequent to viral encephalitis. The case highlights the presentation and management of this syndrome in a six-year-old girl with primary focus on the implications of Kluver-Bucy symptoms in current clinical practice involving neurobehavioural syndromes in children.
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ranking = 1
keywords = encephalitis
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2/5. Transient kluver-bucy syndrome following complex partial status epilepticus.

    The characteristic features of kluver-bucy syndrome include hypersexuality, hyperorality, placidity, hypermetamorphosis, visual agnosia, changes in dietary habits, and memory impairment. Human cases have been reported with herpes simplex encephalitis, head injury, Pick's disease, transtentorial herniation, adrenoleukodystrophy, and Reye's syndrome, all involving bilateral temporal lobe pathology. We present the case of a patient with no evidence of a structural lesion in the temporal lobes and behavioral changes consistent with kluver-bucy syndrome following complex partial status epilepticus.
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ranking = 1.0306780300165
keywords = encephalitis, herpes
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3/5. herpes simplex encephalitis: some interesting presentations.

    herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is the most common cause of fatal viral encephalitis. A high index of suspicion is mandatory for early diagnosis and successful therapy to restrict morbidity and mortality. We report 4 patients of HSE, with interesting presentations, viz. brainstem involvement in an immunosuppressed patient, kluver-bucy syndrome-a consequence of untreated HSE, HSE in the postpartum period mistaken as cortical venous thrombosis, and response to inadequate treatment. They demonstrate the wide spectrum of clinical features, pitfalls in diagnosis, and a variable response to therapy in HSE.
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ranking = 5
keywords = encephalitis
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4/5. kluver-bucy syndrome -- an experience with six cases.

    The kluver-bucy syndrome (KBS) is a neurobehavioral syndrome and can be seen in association with a variety of neurological disorders. Case records of 6 patients with KBS seen during a period of 5 years in a university hospital were reviewed. During the study period 6 patients with KBS, aged between 4 and 14 years, were seen. Hyperorality, hypersexuality, and abnormal behavior were the most common manifestations. Of the 6 patients, 5 had recurrent unprovoked seizures. The associated neurological disorders included anoxia-ischemic encephalopthy (2), herpes simplex encephalitis (1), neurocysticercosis (NCC) (1), traumatic brain injury with gliosis (1 case) and tuberculous meningitis (1 case). prognosis was poor in all the patients except in the patient with NCC.
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ranking = 1.0306780300165
keywords = encephalitis, herpes
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5/5. Postinfectious immune-mediated encephalitis after pediatric herpes simplex encephalitis.

    We report a 3-year-old patient who presented a secondary acute neurological deterioration clinically characterized by a partial kluver-bucy syndrome, 1 month after the onset of herpes simplex encephalitis. This episode is unlikely due to continuation or resumption of cerebral viral replication but might be related to an immune-inflammatory process. In children, postinfectious immune-mediated encephalitis occurring after HSE are usually clinically characterized by choreoathetoid movements. This type of movement disorder was, however, not observed in this patient. On the basis of this case and a review of the literature, we hypothesize the existence of a spectrum of secondary immune-mediated process triggered by herpes simplex virus cerebral infection ranging from asymptomatic cases with diffuse white matter involvement to secondary acute neurological deteriorations with or without extrapyramidal features.
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ranking = 10.184068180099
keywords = encephalitis, herpes
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