Cases reported "kluver-bucy syndrome"

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1/10. Post-encephalitic kluver-bucy syndrome.

    kluver-bucy syndrome is a rare amalgamation of neurobehavioural signs and symptoms seen infrequently in humans following insult to bilateral temporal lobes. This report presents a case which along with emerging symptoms of kluver-bucy syndrome, developed attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) consequent to viral encephalitis. The case highlights the presentation and management of this syndrome in a six-year-old girl with primary focus on the implications of Kluver-Bucy symptoms in current clinical practice involving neurobehavioural syndromes in children. ( info)

2/10. methotrexate leukoencephalopathy presenting as kluver-bucy syndrome and uncinate seizures.

    methotrexate causes several biochemical changes that impact the nervous system. The neurotoxicity usually affects the cerebral white matter, causing a leukoencephalopathy that can be chronic and progressive with cognitive decline. A 15-year-old male developed olfactory seizures and behavioral abnormalities (hypersexuality, placidity, and memory disturbances) compatible with partial kluver-bucy syndrome after treatment for central nervous system leukemia with intraventricular methotrexate. A magnetic resonance imaging study revealed evidence of white matter disease affecting both temporal lobes. A brain biopsy revealed a necrotizing encephalopathy compatible with methotrexate-related white matter injury. It may be prudent to verify normal cerebrospinal fluid dynamics before the administration of intraventricular methotrexate in children with a history of central nervous system leukemia. ( info)

3/10. kluver-bucy syndrome as a result of minor head trauma.

    kluver-bucy syndrome (KBS) has been described as a disconnection of the temporal lobes from the remainder of the brain. Its presence in minor head trauma has not been previously reported. We therefore report what we believe to be the first case of KBS due to mild head trauma and unilateral injury to a temporal lobe. ( info)

4/10. Transient kluver-bucy syndrome following complex partial status epilepticus.

    The characteristic features of kluver-bucy syndrome include hypersexuality, hyperorality, placidity, hypermetamorphosis, visual agnosia, changes in dietary habits, and memory impairment. Human cases have been reported with herpes simplex encephalitis, head injury, Pick's disease, transtentorial herniation, adrenoleukodystrophy, and Reye's syndrome, all involving bilateral temporal lobe pathology. We present the case of a patient with no evidence of a structural lesion in the temporal lobes and behavioral changes consistent with kluver-bucy syndrome following complex partial status epilepticus. ( info)

5/10. herpes simplex encephalitis: some interesting presentations.

    herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is the most common cause of fatal viral encephalitis. A high index of suspicion is mandatory for early diagnosis and successful therapy to restrict morbidity and mortality. We report 4 patients of HSE, with interesting presentations, viz. brainstem involvement in an immunosuppressed patient, kluver-bucy syndrome-a consequence of untreated HSE, HSE in the postpartum period mistaken as cortical venous thrombosis, and response to inadequate treatment. They demonstrate the wide spectrum of clinical features, pitfalls in diagnosis, and a variable response to therapy in HSE. ( info)

6/10. Human kluver-bucy syndrome following acute subdural haematoma.

    We present a rare case of complete human kluver-bucy syndrome (KBS) following recovery from transtentorial herniation caused by acute subdural haematoma (ASDH). A 17-year-old right-handed high school boy got into stupor within five minutes after 3-rounds of sparing at boxing. Emergency computed tomographic (CT) scan showed right cerebral hemispheric ASDH, which was evacuated following intentional decompressive craniectomy. After recovery of consciousness, he developed emotional changes (placidity with loss of normal fear and anger), psychic blindness, aberrant sexual behaviour, excessive oral tendencies, increased appetite, and hypermetamorphosis in order of mention, which were observed with waxing and waning from 17th to 28th hospital day. Peri-operative CT scaning and magnetic resonance imaging showed lesions of the right temporal lobe and right-dominant orbitofrontal regions including bilateral rectal and medial orbital gyri, and the intact left temporal lobe. Two pathogeneses can be thought of and the whole picture of KBS following ASDH can arise even though one (left in this case) temporal lobe is preserved, 1) in which associated orbitofrontal lesions of the frontal lobes may correlate with occurrence of KBS, or 2) cerebral blood hypoperfusion of both temporal lobes due to increased intracranial pressure and/or compression of both posterior cerebral arteries at the edge of the tentorium cerebelli occurs. ( info)

7/10. kluver-bucy syndrome -- an experience with six cases.

    The kluver-bucy syndrome (KBS) is a neurobehavioral syndrome and can be seen in association with a variety of neurological disorders. Case records of 6 patients with KBS seen during a period of 5 years in a university hospital were reviewed. During the study period 6 patients with KBS, aged between 4 and 14 years, were seen. Hyperorality, hypersexuality, and abnormal behavior were the most common manifestations. Of the 6 patients, 5 had recurrent unprovoked seizures. The associated neurological disorders included anoxia-ischemic encephalopthy (2), herpes simplex encephalitis (1), neurocysticercosis (NCC) (1), traumatic brain injury with gliosis (1 case) and tuberculous meningitis (1 case). prognosis was poor in all the patients except in the patient with NCC. ( info)

8/10. Postinfectious immune-mediated encephalitis after pediatric herpes simplex encephalitis.

    We report a 3-year-old patient who presented a secondary acute neurological deterioration clinically characterized by a partial kluver-bucy syndrome, 1 month after the onset of herpes simplex encephalitis. This episode is unlikely due to continuation or resumption of cerebral viral replication but might be related to an immune-inflammatory process. In children, postinfectious immune-mediated encephalitis occurring after HSE are usually clinically characterized by choreoathetoid movements. This type of movement disorder was, however, not observed in this patient. On the basis of this case and a review of the literature, we hypothesize the existence of a spectrum of secondary immune-mediated process triggered by herpes simplex virus cerebral infection ranging from asymptomatic cases with diffuse white matter involvement to secondary acute neurological deteriorations with or without extrapyramidal features. ( info)

9/10. Pleomorphism of the clinical manifestations of neurocysticercosis.

    neurocysticercosis (NCC) remains a major public health problem in developing countries as it is the most common helminthic infection of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations are non-specific and pleomorphic. case reports on uncommon presentations of NCC are few. We report six interesting cases of NCC with unusual clinical presentation that demonstrate this spectrum of pleomorphism. These include extrapyramidal disease (parkinsonism and focal dystonia), kluver-bucy syndrome, Weber's syndrome, dementia and cortical blindness. The clinical details and possible mechanisms for the uncommon presentations are also discussed. Thus, a high level of suspicion should be kept for NCC, especially in endemic zones and developing countries. ( info)

10/10. kluver-bucy syndrome after mycoplasmal bronchitis.

    kluver-bucy syndrome is a rare neurobehavioral condition characterized by visual agnosia, excessive oral tendencies, hypermetamorphosis, placidity, altered sexual behavior, and changes in dietary habits. This description of a 14-year-old boy presenting with complete kluver-bucy syndrome after mycoplasma pneumoniae bronchitis is the first such case report. MRI revealed left temporal horn dilation and asymmetry of both temporal lobes. We hypothesize that the pathophysiology of our case is immune-mediated damage by M. pneumoniae resulting in vasculopathy. ( info)
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