Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/459. Lacrimal gland abscess: two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: Bacterial dacryoadenitis is rare and suppuration leading to abscess formation within the lacrimal gland has been very rarely reported in the antibiotic era. methods: The medical records and investigation results, including computed tomography (CT), of two patients with lacrimal gland abscess were reviewed. RESULTS: Two cases of lacrimal gland abscess, one a 28-year-old male and the other a 64-year-old female, are described. Both demonstrated a characteristic low-density area within an enlarged lacrimal gland on CT. The first case had been treated with antibiotics and the abscess, when drained, was sterile. The second case settled spontaneously. Neither patient suffered any sequelae of dry eye. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, lacrimal gland abscess may still occur and may require surgical drainage if spontaneous resolution does not occur. ( info)

2/459. Dacryolith formation around an eyelash retained in the lacrimal sac.

    A dacryolith was discovered in the lacrimal sac during a dacryocystorhinostomy for chronic dacryocystitis in which there was mucocele formation. Morphological examination confirmed the presence of an eyelash at the centre of the stone and electron microscopy demonstrated the presence of fungi (candida sp.) in a matrix which was of markedly vairable morphology. The mechanism by which a hair enters the punctum and passes along the canaliculus may be attributed to the step-like pattern of ridges on the surface of a hair. The directional nature of these ridges dictates preferential movement towards the root end of the hair and prevents movements in the opposite direction. ( info)

3/459. Lacrimal sac diverticula associated with a patent lacrimal system.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features of lacrimal sac diverticula. methods: Orbital masses were evaluated in 3 patients. One patient had a large tumor extending from the medial orbit associated with upward globe displacement, one had a mass inferior to the medial canthus, and one had an inflamed mass in the right lower lid. Two of the patients had no history of chronic epiphora, sinus disease, or nasal trauma. In all patients, irrigation demonstrated lacrimal drainage system patency. RESULTS: Surgical exploration confirmed the diagnosis of lacrimal sac diverticulum in all patients. Two diverticula were associated with a dacryolith. Each patient was successfully managed with excision of the diverticulum and dacryocystorhinostomy. CONCLUSIONS: Lacrimal sac diverticula should be considered in the diagnosis of medial orbital tumors, and computed tomography is useful in the diagnosis of lacrimal sac diverticula. ( info)

4/459. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the lacrimal sac and concomitant pansinusitis.

    Paranasal sinus disease has an established propensity to breach anatomical barriers and present with orbital clinical features. Lacrimal sac lymphomas on the other hand are rare, usually present in males in the sixth decade and 50 per cent of cases have systemic lymphoma/leukaemia. Atypical presentations of lymphomas at this and other sites are reported in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The clinical features, investigations and treatment of a young human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) sero-negative woman with a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma localized to the lacrimal sac and presenting with a concomitant ipsilateral pansinusitis is described. The importance of submitting surgical material for pathological investigation is stressed. ( info)

5/459. ethmoid sinus osteoma presenting as epiphora and orbital cellulitis: case report and literature review.

    Paranasal sinus osteoma is a slow-growing, benign, encapsulated bony tumor that may be commonly asymptomatic, being detected incidentally in 1% of plain sinus radiographs or in 3% of sinus computerized tomographic scans. In a patient presenting with orbital cellulitis and epiphora, computed tomography disclosed a large osteoma of the ethmoid sinus. Excision of the osteoma allowed recovery of vision, return of extraocular muscle function, and resolution of choroidal folds. Proptosis, diplopia, and visual loss are other frequent presenting signs of paranasal osteomas. epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and pathologic findings in paranasal sinus osteoma are reviewed. ( info)

6/459. Nasolacrimal tuberculosis in a patient with conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy.

    PURPOSE: To present an unusual case of nasolacrimal tuberculosis that was diagnosed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and to discuss the role of PCR as a diagnostic aid. methods: Case presentation with diagnostic modalities including PCR, cytopathologic, and histopathologic examinations with special stains. RESULTS: A 40-year-old woman with bilateral lacrimal drainage system obstruction underwent a right dacryocystorhinostomy with stents and left conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy with Jones bypass tube. Although the findings of direct and endoscopic examinations of the nasal cavity were within normal limits, the tissue removed during surgery from the middle turbinate revealed caseating granulomatous lesions on histopathologic examination. Acid-fast organisms were demonstrated in postoperative nasal washings, and mycobacterium tuberculosis infection was confirmed with PCR. CONCLUSION: Primary tuberculosis of the nasolacrimal mucosa is rare, and its occurrence without any symptoms, as in this patient, is even less frequent. The most interesting aspect of this case was the identification of the M. tuberculosis dna in the mucosa of anterior turbinate and fibrous tissue within the previous surgical site. Histopathologically, the presence of caseating granulomas was seen only in the nasal mucosa, indicating that PCR may be of use in identifying the causative organism even in the absence of typical histopathologic features. ( info)

7/459. Unusual presentations of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland.

    PURPOSE: To report two atypical cases of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland. methods: Two case reports are presented. The first is of a 65-year-old female with a long history of right hypoglobus with sudden recent worsening. Computed tomography (CT) showed a round, well-defined lesion in the fossa for the lacrimal gland with an anterior hypodense extension suggestive of possible malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. The tumour in the second case, a 35-year-old male, was diagnosed after presentation following a relatively minor periorbital injury. The smooth rounded mass on CT scan was suggestive of a benign lacrimal gland tumour. RESULTS: The lesion in case 1 was excised with a diagnosis of haemorrhage within a pleomorphic adenoma. The lesion in case 2 was excised with a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland with pseudocapsule. CONCLUSIONS: Haemorrhagic cyst developing beneath the pseudocapsule of a pleomorphic adenoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of secondary development of malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. Adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland can present with a pseudocapsule. ( info)

8/459. Jones tube insertion in children with canalicular agenesis.

    The purpose of this report is to describe a simplified method of Jones tube insertion in the management of pediatric patients with symptomatic upper and lower punctal and canalicular agenesis. A 5-year-old female with bilateral upper and lower canalicular agenesis, and a 4-year-old male with agenesis of the right upper and lower canaliculi, underwent placement of Jones tubes without performing standard external conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy. The first child requiring bilateral Jones tube insertion has remained asymptomatic for 24 months. The Jones tube dislodged in the second patient 6 weeks postoperatively. The tube was replaced, and the child has been asymptomatic for 16 months. The technique of Jones tube insertion without a previous or concomitant external dacryocystorhinostomy may be a useful modification in the management of pediatric patients with symptomatic upper and lower canalicular agenesis. ( info)

9/459. Benign pleomorphic adenoma arising from the palpebral lobe of the lacrimal gland associated with elevated intraocular pressure.

    A 46-year-old man complained of a painless mass in the left upper eyelid. At age 51 years, the patient complained of dull pain in the left eye and diplopia. His left intraocular pressure had increased to 33 mm Hg. No proptosis was noted. The nontender mass in the eyelid was palpable. Computed tomography showed a mass anterior to the orbital rim compressing the globe. The lesion was removed en bloc by a transconjunctival approach. Histopathologic examination of the excised mass showed myxomatous stroma and highly cellular epithelial areas. Postoperatively, the left intraocular pressure normalized. To our knowledge, benign pleomorphic adenomas arising from the palpebral lobe of the lacrimal gland associated with elevated intraocular pressure, as demonstrated in our patient, may be rare. ( info)

10/459. The 4A syndrome association with osteoporosis.

    4A syndrome is characterised by adrenocortical insufficiency, achalasia, alacrima, autonomic and other neurological abnormalities. We report an 18-year-old boy with 4 A syndrome and having all classical features of the disease including sensorimotor neuropathy. In addition, the patient had low aldosterone levels and signs of osteoporosis, which apparently developed without glucocorticoid replacement therapy. Although it is speculated that the lack of local growth factors, nutritional deficiency secondary to achalasia or receptor abnormalities regarding bone metabolism contribute to osteoporosis, its etiopathogenesis still needs to be clarified. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.