Cases reported "Lacrimal Duct Obstruction"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/178. Dacryolith formation around an eyelash retained in the lacrimal sac.

    A dacryolith was discovered in the lacrimal sac during a dacryocystorhinostomy for chronic dacryocystitis in which there was mucocele formation. Morphological examination confirmed the presence of an eyelash at the centre of the stone and electron microscopy demonstrated the presence of fungi (candida sp.) in a matrix which was of markedly vairable morphology. The mechanism by which a hair enters the punctum and passes along the canaliculus may be attributed to the step-like pattern of ridges on the surface of a hair. The directional nature of these ridges dictates preferential movement towards the root end of the hair and prevents movements in the opposite direction. ( info)

2/178. Reduction of nasal orbital fractures and simultaneous dacryocystorhinostomy.

    A technique for restoration of structure and function in naso-orbital fractures has been described. Three case reports demonstrate a few of the final results. The case reports also indicate that many of these fractures require late definitive surgery in spite of optimal surgical treatment immediately subsequent to injury. ( info)

3/178. Lacrimal bypass surgery in patients with sarcoidosis.

    PURPOSE: To examine the results of lacrimal bypass surgery in patients with sarcoidosis. methods: patients with sarcoidosis who underwent dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) or conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy (CDCR) in two practice settings from 1986 through 1995 were identified and their medical records reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve patients, of whom eight were women, underwent bilateral DCR or CDCR to treat nasolacrimal duct obstruction associated with sarcoidosis. The initial diagnosis of sarcoidosis was established in four patients from a biopsy specimen obtained during DCR. The ages of the patients at diagnosis of sarcoidosis ranged from 39 to 64 years (mean, 49.6 years; median, 45.5 years), whereas their ages at the time of surgery ranged from 42 to 72 years (mean and median, 55 years). The average duration of postoperative follow-up evaluation was 44 months (median, 38.5 months; range, 10 to 82 months). All patients received local corticosteroids postoperatively, and nine patients (75%) were treated with prednisone. Of the 24 lacrimal procedures, 23 (95.8%) were patent to irrigation at the last follow-up examination, and all patients were asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Lacrimal drainage obstruction may be the initial manifestation of sarcoidosis, and tissue obtained during DCR may help to establish the diagnosis. A successful surgical outcome may require intensive and occasionally long-term therapy with local and systemic corticosteroids. ( info)

4/178. The Lacrimo-Auriculo-Dento-Digital (LADD) syndrome: temporal bone CT findings.

    The temporal bone CT examination of a 16-year-old female patient with the LADD syndrome or Levy-Hollister syndrome showed multiple bilateral middle as well as inner ear malformations. Ossicular chain anomalies were seen, especially of the incus and stapes. The oval window was very narrow to absent. Both cochleas were hypoplastic and showed modiolar deficiency. A common cavity between the vestibule and lateral semicircular canal was bilaterally present. ( info)

5/178. Ophthalmic abnormalities in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

    PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of ophthalmic abnormalities in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (mycosis fungoides and sezary syndrome) and T-cell lymphoma involving the skin and to describe the clinical course of the disease with selected examples. methods: A computerized diagnostic retrieval system was used to identify all patients with T-cell lymphoma involving the skin who were examined at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, minnesota) between January 1, 1976 and December 31, 1990. The medical records of affected patients were reviewed. RESULTS: During the 15-year interval from 1976 through 1990, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed in 2,155 patients. Of these 2,155 patients, 42 (1.95%; 26 male and 16 female) had at least 1 ophthalmic abnormality attributable to the disease. The diagnoses in these 42 patients were mycosis fungoides in 19, clinical variants of T-cell lymphoma of the skin (most commonly, peripheral T-cell lymphoma) in 11, and sezary syndrome in 12. Cicatricial eyelid ectropion was the most common finding, affecting 17 (40.4%) of the 42 patients. Thirty-seven patients had findings that, although probably not a direct consequence of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, have been cataloged in previous studies. CONCLUSION: Although ophthalmic abnormalities in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma are relatively uncommon, the manifestations of the disease are diverse and frequently difficult to treat. ( info)

6/178. Lacrimal canaliculitis.

    Lacrimal canaliculitis is an infection of the lacrimal duct system. The classic features of lacrimal canaliculitis are mild to severe swelling of the canaliculus, mucopurulent discharge from the punctum, and a red, pouting punctum. Canaliculotomy with systemic or topical antibiotics is the most appropriate treatment for this disorder. ( info)

7/178. nasolacrimal duct obstruction and orbital cellulitis associated with chronic intranasal cocaine abuse.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the association of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and orbital cellulitis in patients with a history of chronic intranasal cocaine abuse. methods: Retrospective, consecutive case series. Results of imaging, histopathologic examinations, and clinical courses of these patients were studied. RESULTS: Five women and 2 men (mean age, 41 years) with a history of chronic intranasal cocaine abuse (mean, 11 years; range, 5-20 years) presented with epiphora and in some cases acute onset of periorbital pain, edema, and erythema associated with fever. The suspicion of intranasal cocaine abuse was made on anterior rhinoscopy with the detection of an absent nasal septum and inferior turbinate. Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings in 4 patients included extensive bony destruction of the normal orbital wall architecture, opacification of the sinuses, and the presence of an intraorbital tissue mass. Histopathologic examination of the nasolacrimal duct in 2 patients and of the orbital mass in a third patient revealed marked chronic inflammation with fibrosis causing secondary nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Six patients were treated with systemic antibiotics followed by dacryocystorhinostomy in 3 patients, and a pericranial flap to insulate the exposed orbit in 1 patient. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic intranasal cocaine abuse can result in extensive bony destruction of the orbital walls with associated orbital cellulitis, and should be included in the differential diagnosis of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Anterior rhinoscopy is very helpful in establishing the correct diagnosis in these patients. ( info)

8/178. nasolacrimal duct obstruction secondary to ectopic teeth.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe two patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) caused by ectopic eruption of teeth. The literature concerning nasal and other unusual ectopic sites of tooth eruption is reviewed. DESIGN: Two interventional case reports and literature review. PARTICIPANTS: A 3-year-old girl with epiphora and recurrent dacryocystitis of the right eye. Previous medical and surgical management was unsuccessful. A 32-year-old female with a long history of right eye discomfort and epiphora. Previous examinations and workup were negative. INTERVENTION: A computed tomographic (CT) scan of the orbits and sinuses was performed in both patients. The ectopic teeth were surgically removed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Nasolacrimal system function and response to treatment at the last follow-up were recorded. RESULTS: In the first patient, CT imaging disclosed two teeth within the right inferior meatus compressing the nasolacrimal duct. In the second patient, CT revealed a large dental structure in the maxillary sinus compressing the nasolacrimal duct. Endoscopic tooth extraction and nasolacrimal duct probing in the first patient and surgical removal of the dental structure in the second patient effected complete resolution of symptoms. Both patients were symptom free at last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: These cases suggest that ectopic eruption of teeth should be added to the differential diagnosis of NLDO. Surgical removal of the ectopic teeth compressing the nasolacrimal duct results in resolution of the lacrimal drainage obstruction. ( info)

9/178. Monocanalicular intubation for dacryostenosis in oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia (hemifacial microsomia) with congenital corneal anesthesia.

    PURPOSE: To present a case of oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia associated with corneal anesthesia and ipsilateral dacryostenosis that was successfully treated with monocanalicular lacrimal intubation. methods: Case report. RESULTS: Previous neurotrophic corneal ulcers in a child with hemifacial microsomia had become secondarily infected from a stagnant tear lake, resulting in significant corneal scarring and visual loss. A single monocanalicular stent maintained nasolacrimal patency without causing further corneal trauma, despite constant medial gaze because of wide lateral tarsorrhaphy and contralateral occlusion therapy for amblyopia. CONCLUSIONS: Monocanalicular stents may aid the treatment of dacryostenosis in the face of compromised corneal sensation. ( info)

10/178. Lacrimal drainage surgery in Wegener's granulomatosis.

    AIM: To examine the results of open lacrimal surgery in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis. methods: A retrospective review of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis who underwent lacrimal surgery over a 17 year period. RESULTS: 11 patients were identified and a total of 14 primary dacryocystorhinostomies (DCR) and one revisional DCR were performed; symptomatic relief was achieved in 13/14 operations and one patient required revisional surgery for persistent symptoms. There were no intraoperative and few postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast with some previous reports, open DCR appears to be a safe procedure and it is recommended as a treatment for lacrimal obstruction in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis, but an increase of perioperative immunosuppression is recommended in certain cases. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Lacrimal Duct Obstruction'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.