Cases reported "lactose intolerance"

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1/56. abdominal pain in children.

    Chronic vague abdominal pain is an extremely common complaint in children over 5 years, with a peak incidence in the 8 to 10 year group. In over 90 per cent of the cases no serious underlying organic disease will be discovered. Most disease states can be ruled out by a careful history, a meticulous physical examination, and a few simple laboratory tests such as urinalysis, sedimentation rate, hemoglobin, white blood count determination, and examination of a blood smear. If organic disease is present there are often clues in the history and the examination. The kidney is often the culprit--an intravenous pyelogram should be done if disease is suspected. barium enema is the next most valuable test. Duodenal ulcers and abdominal epilepsy are rare and are over-diagnosed. If no organic cause is found, the parents must be convinced that the pain is real, and that "functional" does not mean "imaginary." This is best explained by comparing with "headache"--the headache resulting from stress and tension hurts every bit as much as the headache caused by a brain tumor or other intracranial pathology. Having convinced the patient and his parents that no serious disease exists, no further investigation should be carried out unless new signs or symptoms appear. The child must be returned to full activity immediately. ( info)

2/56. Cow's milk enteropathy: surgical pitfalls.

    BACKGROUND: Cow's milk-induced intestinal bleeding is a well-recognized cause of rectal bleeding in infancy. The authors report on 5 older children who presented with either visible rectal bleeding or profound anemia associated with occult intestinal bleeding secondary to cow's milk enteropathy. methods: Five children (3 boys and 2 girls) aged between 20 months and 9 years were referred for further investigation of gastrointestinal bleeding. Two had been investigated previously on multiple occasions, and both had undergone laparotomies with negative results. Further investigations showed evidence of allergic colitis in 3 detected only on proximal colonic biopsy findings. RESULTS: In all cases, bleeding resolved completely after instituting a cow's milk-free diet. Two of the patients subsequently have undergone a cow's milk challenge leading to prompt recurrence of symptoms, which again resolved after simple dietary manipulation. CONCLUSIONS: Cow's milk enteropathy may cause overt rectal bleeding or profound anemia from occult intestinal bleeding even in older children. Histological abnormalities in such cases may be confined to the proximal colon. After appropriate investigation, a trial of cow's milk exclusion should always be considered before laparotomy for obscure, chronic gastrointestinal bleeding in children. ( info)

3/56. Infantile sialidosis: a phenocopy of type 1 GM1 gangliosidosis distinguished by genetic complementation and urinary oligosaccharides.

    A clinical description of an apparently classical case of type 1 GM1 gangliosidosis is presented. The patient was the first-born child of first cousins. She was diagnosed at 6 weeks and died at 6 months. beta-galactosidase activity was deficient in cultured fibroblasts using [3H]GM1 ganglioside and [3H]ceramide-lactose as substrates. Genetic complementation studies performed after cell fusion between cultured fibroblasts from the patient and from two other type 1, one type 2, and one juvenile GM1 gangliosidosis strain were positive with all strains. Subsequent studies revealed an increased excretion of a sialic acid-containing hexasaccharide in the patient's cells. parents' fibroblasts contained normal levels of beta-galactosidase. The case emphasizes the variability of the clinical expression in sialidosis and the importance of demonstrating a primary gene defect in establishing a diagnosis of an inborn error or metabolism. ( info)

4/56. Familial aquagenic urticaria associated with familial lactose intolerance.

    Aquagenic urticaria is a rare disorder characterized by the occurrence of pruritus and wheals after temporary contact with water. The familial occurrence of aquagenic urticaria over 3 generations is reported here in association with familial lactose intolerance, a condition in which the enzyme lactase encoded on chromosome 2, is deficient. In two patients, a young man and his mother, we verified the appearance of pruritic hives 5 to 10 minutes after contact with water of any temperature. Other types of physical urticaria were absent, and mastocytosis was excluded by extensive laboratory investigations; lactose intolerance was confirmed in both patients by H(2)-exhalation test. In these patients the clinical symptoms did not respond to antihistamines or UV-radiation therapy. Four other members of the family had wheals from water contact, two of whom had lactose intolerance. Two other members had lactose intolerance only. Although the association of aquagenic urticaria with lactose intolerance may be coincidental, attention is drawn to the fact that the 2 conditions, known to be familial, may coexist in the same family, possibly based on an association of gene loci. ( info)

5/56. thyrotoxicosis in a neonate of a mother with no history of thyroid disease.

    A newborn infant had rectal prolapse, congenital lactase deficiency, and temporary neonatal thyrotoxicosis. The thyrotoxicosis was associated with a raised long-acting thyroid stimulator index in a mother with no personal or family history of thyroid or related autoimmune disease. The parents were first cousins. ( info)

6/56. Carbohydrate intolerance and kidney stones in children in the Goldfields.

    Renal stones have been reported as a common finding in Australian Aboriginal children. The stones are predominantly urate in composition. We report on five children with nephrolithiasis from the Goldfields region of western australia. All were diagnosed when under 5 years of age, the majority being under 3 years. All five children also had lactose intolerance, and we postulate that carbohydrate malabsorption, together with the ensuing chronic diarrhoea and intraluminal breakdown of sugars by enteric bacteria may result in a situation of chronic metabolic acidosis. Chronic metabolic acidosis can lead to protein catabolism, increased urate excretion and the formation of renal stones. Carbohydrate intolerance may be an aetiological factor in the development of renal stones and possibly chronic renal disease, particularly in Aboriginal Australians. Renal disease represents one of the most significant factors affecting the health of Australian Aboriginal people. The incidence of end stage renal failure in this population exceeds that of non-Aboriginals by a factor of 13:1, and this disproportionate figure is increasing. It is likely that chronic renal damage is multifactorial; however, it is probable that at least some aetiological factors have their onset during childhood. ( info)

7/56. Partially responsive celiac disease resulting from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and lactose intolerance.

    BACKGROUND: celiac disease is a common cause of chronic diarrhea and malabsorption syndrome all over the world. Though it was considered uncommon in india in past, it is being described frequently recently. Some patients with celiac disease do not improve despite gluten free diet (GFD). A study described 15 cases of celiac disease unresponsive to GFD in whom small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) or lactose intolerance was the cause for unresponsiveness. CASE PRESENTATION: During a three-year period, 12 adult patients with celiac disease were seen in the Luminal gastroenterology Clinic in a tertiary referral center in northern india. Two of these 12 patients (16.6%), who did not fully respond to GFD initially, are presented here. Unresponsiveness resulted from SIBO in one and lactose intolerance in the other. The former patient responded to antibiotics and the latter to lactose withdrawal in addition to standard GFD. CONCLUSION: In patients with celiac disease partially responsive or unresponsive to GFD, SIBO and lactose intolerance should be suspected; appropriate investigations and treatment for these may result in complete recovery. ( info)

8/56. Deadaption and readaptation with lactose, but no cross-adaptation to lactulose: a case of occult colonic bacterial adaptation.

    The standard 3 h breath hydrogen (3hBH2) test distinguishes lactose maldigesters from lactose digesters. However, multiple factors impact on BH2 and care is needed to exclude a priori variables. When these factors are controlled, a negative BH2 test implies lactase persistent status or lactase nonpersistent status with colonic adaptation. A case of a Sicilian man who tested negative (lactase persistent status confirmed) on an initial 50 g lactose challenge is described. It was observed that he consumed 28.1 g lactose/day before testing. He subsequently underwent five additional challenge tests in the course of the next 10 months. In four tests the dose intake of lactose was varied upon instruction, and in the fifth test a 30 g lactulose challenge was carried out. It was demonstrated that on radically decreasing lactose intake, a full lactase nonpersistent status was unmasked. Output of 3hBH2 varied inversely with daily lactose intake. Finally, at a time when he was readapted to lactose, there was no discernible adaptation to lactulose challenge. It was concluded that 'occult' colonically adapted subjects may contribute to negative BH2 tests. There is a relationship between variation in lactose intake and the results of BH2 testing. Finally, there was no cross-adaptation to lactulose challenge when lactose was used as the adapting sugar. ( info)

9/56. Systemic lactose intolerance: a new perspective on an old problem.

    Intolerance to certain foods can cause a range of gut and systemic symptoms. The possibility that these can be caused by lactose has been missed because of "hidden" lactose added to many foods and drinks inadequately labelled, confusing diagnosis based on dietary removal of dairy foods. Two polymorphisms, C/T13910 and G/A22018, linked to hypolactasia, correlate with breath hydrogen and symptoms after lactose. This, with a 48 hour record of gut and systemic symptoms and a six hour breath hydrogen test, provides a new approach to the clinical management of lactose intolerance. The key is the prolonged effect of dietary removal of lactose. patients diagnosed as lactose intolerant must be advised of "risk" foods, inadequately labelled, including processed meats, bread, cake mixes, soft drinks, and lagers. This review highlights the wide range of systemic symptoms caused by lactose intolerance. This has important implications for the management of irritable bowel syndrome, and for doctors of many specialties. ( info)

10/56. Euglycemic control of gestational diabetes mellitus by specific dietary manipulation: a case study presentation.

    Gestational diabetes is the most common complication of pregnancy. If maternal hyperglycemia is not well controlled, excess glucose is transmitted to the fetus, which can lead to fetal macrosomia and maternal and fetal complications. Dietary treatment for gestational diabetes varies among practitioners. A case review is presented of a 32-year-old white woman with gestational diabetes whose condition was complicated by her blood glucose intolerance to lactose in milk. By following a carefully monitored regimen using specific dietary manipulation to maintain normoglycemia, the woman was able to deliver a normal, healthy baby by spontaneous vaginal delivery. ( info)
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