Cases reported "Laryngeal Neoplasms"

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1/346. E.N.T. manifestations of Von Recklinghausen's disease.

    Von Recklinghausen's disease (VRD) is a neurocutaneous, systemic disease characterized by CNS tumors and disorders, cafe-au-lait spots, generalized cutaneous neurofibromata, skeletal deformities, and somatic and endocrine abnormalities. It is an autosomal dominant, hereditary disorder found in approximately 1:2500 to 3300 births. There are many manifestations of this disease in the head and neck region of interest to the otolaryngologist. case reports of three patients with multiple ENT involvements are detailed. A review of the literature is presented with a brief discussion of diagnosis and treatment. The most common intracranial tumor in the adult is the acoustic neuroma, usually bilateral, while in the child it is the astrocytoma. A defect in the sphenoid bone is common and may produce temporal lobe herniation into the orbit causing pulsatile exophthalmos. Involvement of the facial bones usually causes radiolucent defects secondary to neurofibromata within nerve pathways, and a variety of asymmetrical changes, especially within the mandible. "elephantiasis" of the face is a hypertrophy of the soft tissues overlying a neurofibroma, often quite extensive and disfiguring. Laryngeal and neck involvement may compromise the airway and early and repeated surgical intervention is required. The over-all malignancy rate approaches 30%, indicating that the patient with VRD may be predisposed to developing a malignancy. There appears to be an increased surgical risk in these patients, with some demonstrating abnormal responses to neuromuscular blockade.
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2/346. Atypical chondroma of the cricoid cartilage: fine-needle aspiration cytologic and histopathologic findings.

    chondroma of the laryngeal skeleton is a rare, benign neoplasm manifested either as a neck mass or, if situated within the airway, as slowly progressive obstruction, hoarseness, or dyspnea. The most common site is the posterior plate of the cricoid cartilage. An atypical perichondrial chondroma arising from the anterior plate of the cricoid cartilage membrane as a neck mass in a young female is presented. The diagnosis was made on a fine-needle aspiration of the mass and subsequently confirmed by histologic examination of the excised mass. Although rare, cartilaginous tumors of the laryngeal skeleton can manifest as a neck mass, and the diagnosis can be made by fine-needle aspiration biopsy in combination with radiographic and clinical examinations. Therefore, the existence and inclusion of these tumors in the differential diagnosis of neck masses by aspiration biopsy should be considered by clinicians and pathologists, and especially cytopathologists, when cartilaginous components are encountered.
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3/346. Giant lipoma of the larynx: a case report and literature review.

    Fewer than 15% of lipomas occur in the head and neck. To date, fewer than 100 cases of laryngeal lipoma have been reported in the literature. Typical clinical manifestations include dysphagia, dyspnea and hoarseness, as well as the presence of a smooth or pedunculated mass seen endoscopically and a low attenuation mass on computed tomography scan. Pathologic sections commonly reveal a tumor consisting of mature adipocytes, which is often encapsulated. Treatment of laryngeal lipoma varies from conservative total endoscopic removal to external surgical approaches. The following is a report of a single case of laryngeal lipoma, including pathologic and radiologic findings, as well as a review of the literature.
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keywords = neck
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4/346. Subglottic plasmacytoma: the use of jet ventilation and contact Nd:YAG laser for tissue diagnosis.

    Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP) constitute only 1% of all head and neck malignancies, with the vast majority occurring in the upper respiratory tract. The diagnosis of laryngeal EMP can be difficult since the symptoms are non-specific and the tumor usually mucosally covered. This paper discusses the successful combination of jet Venturi ventilation technique with suspension microlaryngoscopy and contact Nd:YAG laser for tissue diagnosis in a patient presenting with a large subglottic mass. Previous attempts using standard endotracheal intubation and forceps technique for biopsy failed to reach the diagnosis and resulted in significant bleeding from the biopsy site. A review of the disease and technique is presented.
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5/346. The adenocarcinoma of the larynx: in aim of a clinic case. Histologic, immuno-histochemistry and electron microscope studies.

    adenocarcinoma "not otherwise specified" of the larynx appears to be extremely rare. We report a case of adenocarcinoma "NOS" arising in the larynx of a 72 year-old white man. The neoplasia was ALCIAN and PAS negative. Immuno-histochemical studies revealed negative immunoreactivity from NSE, chromogranins and S100; cytokeratin was positive. Electron microscopy revealed electrodense granules of varying sizes, but with no obvious central core surrounded by a limiting membrane. The patient underwent a total laryngectomy and functional neck dissection, with mandibular extension. And he is free of tumor after 4 years postoperatively.
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6/346. actinomycosis: a potential complication of head and neck surgery.

    actinomycosis is a granulomatous infection occasionally found in the head and neck region that potentially may complicate a major head and neck oncologic surgical procedure. A case presentation, a review of the pertinent literature, and the treatment of this infectious complication are the primary elements of this report. A chronic infection of the neck caused by actinomyces ssp developed postoperatively in a patient treated for head and neck cancer. Despite relapse after an initial course of long-term antibiotic therapy, the infection was successfully eradicated. actinomycosis after surgery for head and neck cancer is unusual. However, the etiologic agent, actinomyces ssp, is a common, potential microbial contaminant of head and neck surgery characterized by oral cavity or pharyngeal entry. Recognition of the typical manifestation of this infection in the neck facilitates prompt, appropriate treatment.
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7/346. Cervical metastasis of occult papillary thyroid carcinoma associated with epidermoid carcinoma of the larynx.

    An occult, laterocervical papillary thyroid carcinoma tissue was found in a functional neck dissection for larynx cancer. The patient was a 76-year-old man with a history of smoking and alcohol ingestion who presented with a supraglottic carcinoma of the larynx located at the laryngeal surface of the epiglottis, left aryepiglottic fold, band and left ventricle with extension to the left vocal cord. light microscopy showed a lymph node with a fibrous stroma with lymphoid follicles that presented a total substitution of the parenchyma by a papillary thyroid carcinoma. Although examination of the thyroid gland by seriated sections did not reveal any neoplasm, we argue that the papillary thyroid tissue is metastatic.
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8/346. Surgical management of acquired laryngopharyngeal fistulae.

    Pathological communication between the food and air passages in the neck region due to malignant disease is known. However, such a pathology arising as a result of a non malignant process is relatively uncommon, and only a handful of reports exists in the literature. The authors describe and discuss the management of two patients with laryngopharyngeal fistula of nonmalignant etiology.
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9/346. Esophageal carcinoma following radiotherapy.

    A patient previously irradiated for epiglottic cancer developed an upper esophageal stricture that on biopsy proved to be a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. patients receiving prior radiotherapy for a head and neck cancer are at increased risk of developing a second esophageal cancer and must be followed closely.
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10/346. laryngocele: an anatomical variant.

    It is commonly believed that external laryngoceles always penetrate the thyrohyoid membrane at the site of penetration of the neurovascular bundle. We present a case where the site of penetration was posterosuperior to this. Careful dissection of the neck of a laryngocele sac is important to prevent damage to the neurovascular bundle.
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