Cases reported "Laryngeal Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/388. Radial forearm free-flap reconstruction following radiotherapy and total laryngectomy.

    The authors' experience with six patients who underwent radial forearm free-flap reconstruction following radiotherapy and total laryngectomy is presented. All patients had undergone previous irradiation of 57.8 Gy on average as primary treatment for laryngeal cancer. A patch graft of the radial forearm free flap was used for pharyngoesophageal wall reconstruction in three patients, a radial forearm free flap for cervical soft tissue in one patient, and a double-folded radial forearm free flap for simultaneous pharyngoesophageal wall and cervical soft tissue in two patients. The free-flap transfers were successful in all patients. There was one patient who developed a small pharyngocutaneous fistula, which closed spontaneously. The radial forearm free flap is demonstrated to be a versatile technique for reconstruction of a moderate-sized defect in the treatment of laryngeal cancer.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/388. Primary anaplastic giant cell adenocarcinoma of the larynx.

    Anaplastic giant cell adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare tumour arising in the bronchial mucosa. This report describes an example--the first to be reported--of such a tumour evidenced in the subglottic region in a 64-year-old man. Histologically, the tumour resembles that arising in the lung and its morphological characteristics justify a distinction of anaplastic giant cell adenocarcinoma from other types of laryngeal malignant epithelial tumours. As to its histogenesis, the neoplasm is most probably of glandular origin and should be considered as a dedifferentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient, who had undergone total laryngectomy followed by X-ray treatment, is alive one year after surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3842690238879
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/388. A pathologic and clinical study of adenosquamous carcinoma of the larynx. Report of four cases and review of the literature.

    Four cases of adenosquamous carcinoma are described. Emphasis is put on the rarity of this histological type of tumour which was first described in the larynx by Gerughty et al. (1968) who reported three cases. An exhaustive histological documentation of the neoplasm accompanies the discussion of its pathomorphological characteristics, histogenesis, differential diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Stress is laid on the extreme aggressiveness of the neoplasm and on its high biologic malignancy. Elective treatment is radical surgery. The tumour in question is a distinct anatomo-clinical entity with its own connotations and therefore must be distinguished from the most common squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6.7685380477757
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/388. Atypical chondroma of the cricoid cartilage: fine-needle aspiration cytologic and histopathologic findings.

    chondroma of the laryngeal skeleton is a rare, benign neoplasm manifested either as a neck mass or, if situated within the airway, as slowly progressive obstruction, hoarseness, or dyspnea. The most common site is the posterior plate of the cricoid cartilage. An atypical perichondrial chondroma arising from the anterior plate of the cricoid cartilage membrane as a neck mass in a young female is presented. The diagnosis was made on a fine-needle aspiration of the mass and subsequently confirmed by histologic examination of the excised mass. Although rare, cartilaginous tumors of the laryngeal skeleton can manifest as a neck mass, and the diagnosis can be made by fine-needle aspiration biopsy in combination with radiographic and clinical examinations. Therefore, the existence and inclusion of these tumors in the differential diagnosis of neck masses by aspiration biopsy should be considered by clinicians and pathologists, and especially cytopathologists, when cartilaginous components are encountered.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3842690238879
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/388. Desmoid tumor of the larynx complicating pregnancy: a case report.

    Desmoid tumors are locally invasive fibrous neoplasms that arise from musculoaponeurotic structures. We report the first case of a desmoid tumor of the larynx complicating pregnancy. At 21 weeks' gestation fiberoptic and indirect otolaryngologic examination of the patient's larynx revealed a submucosal tumor involving the left true vocal cord, ventricle of the larynx, and false vocal cord. Histopathologic examination revealed areas of extensive fibrosis intermixed with degenerated vocal cord skeletal muscle. Despite a subtotal excisional biopsy, growth of the desmoid tumor continued during pregnancy. Endoscopic evaluation 9 weeks post partum revealed complete regression of the tumor.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3842690238879
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/388. Sternothoracotomy for combined coronary artery bypass grafting and left upper lobectomy in a patient with low-lying tracheostoma.

    A 64-year-old man had a low-lying tracheostoma and presented with unstable angina and a mass in the pulmonary left upper lobe. Simultaneous coronary revascularization and resection of the lung neoplasm were completed through a sternothoracotomy (clam-shell) incision. The advantages of this approach include excellent exposure to the mediastinum and the lung fields, and the option of using both internal thoracic arteries for bypass grafting.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3842690238879
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/388. Primary cancer of the larynx associated with primary lung cancer. Report of 21 cases, 14 with autopsy findings and 7 biopsies.

    The present paper reports 21 cases (14 autopsies and 7 biopsies) of associated primary cancers of the larynx and the lung. This association is by no means uncommon, the laryngeal lesion being usually the first to appear. Mulitple primary cancers--of the same or of a different histologic type--tend to occur in the same organ or organ system, either simultaneously or after a time interval. In case of synchronous primary malignant tumour of the larynx and lung the most lethal cancer (the lung cancer) must be managed first. Cancer patients are more likely than other individuals to develop a second primary malignant tumour. Laryngectomized patients should be followed-up possibly by means of cytologic examinations of bronchial secretions and chest x-rays at short intervals for early detection of a possible second primary malignant pulmonary lesion.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/388. Laryngeal paraganglioma in a five-year-old child--the youngest case ever recorded.

    A paraganglioma is a neuroendocrine neoplasm that originates from the paraganglion cells of the parasympathetic system. The average age of presentation is in the fifth decade. We report a case of laryngeal paraganglioma in a five-year-old child, the youngest case ever recorded. The features of paraganglioma which differentiate it from other tumours are also discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3842690238879
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/388. leiomyoma with atypical cells (atypical leiomyoma) in the larynx.

    AIMS: To report and confirm the identity of laryngeal leiomyoma with many atypical cells, which has not been described previously. CASE DETAILS: A 53-year-old man was found to have a polypoid tumour in the larynx. The tumour was excised and the patient has shown no evidence of recurrence over a 5-year period. The tumour tissue comprised intersecting fascicles of spindle-shaped tumour cells with blunt-ended nuclei. Many of the tumour cells showed marked atypia. Mitotic activity in the tumour cells was low, and no atypical mitoses were found. Immunohistochemically, the tumour cells were positive for smooth muscle actin and desmin. p53 overexpression was identified in many tumour cells; the p53 labelling index of the tumour cells was 45%. dna from tumour cells showed loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 3p, 5q, 8p, 9p, 10q, 17p and 18q. We diagnosed this case as leiomyoma with atypical cells (atypical leiomyoma) based on the clinical course and pathological and genetic findings. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of atypical leiomyoma in the larynx. The clinical course and pathological findings indicate that although laryngeal atypical leiomyoma contains numerous atypical cells, it is a benign neoplasm.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3842690238879
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/388. actinomycosis: a potential complication of head and neck surgery.

    actinomycosis is a granulomatous infection occasionally found in the head and neck region that potentially may complicate a major head and neck oncologic surgical procedure. A case presentation, a review of the pertinent literature, and the treatment of this infectious complication are the primary elements of this report. A chronic infection of the neck caused by actinomyces ssp developed postoperatively in a patient treated for head and neck cancer. Despite relapse after an initial course of long-term antibiotic therapy, the infection was successfully eradicated. actinomycosis after surgery for head and neck cancer is unusual. However, the etiologic agent, actinomyces ssp, is a common, potential microbial contaminant of head and neck surgery characterized by oral cavity or pharyngeal entry. Recognition of the typical manifestation of this infection in the neck facilitates prompt, appropriate treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Laryngeal Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.