Cases reported "Laurence-Moon Syndrome"

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1/63. Otolaryngologic features of Laurence-moon-bardet-biedl syndrome.

    The most common otolaryngologic features associated with LMBBS include SNHL, speech and language disorders, and oral and dental abnormalities. Early otolaryngologic, audiologic, speech pathology, and dental evaluation of these individuals is recommended. This is the first reported case of bifid epiglottis, a rare congenital laryngeal anomaly, found in association with LMBBS. Most patients with bifid epiglottis have additional congenital anomalies, most commonly polysyndactyly. Polysyndactyly is a feature of both LMBBS and bifid epiglottis and may be an early hallmark for the presence of other congenital anomalies. ( info)

2/63. Hydrometrocolpos and polydactyly: a common neonatal presentation of Bardet-Biedl and McKusick-Kaufman syndromes.

    McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKKS) is a rare, recessively inherited syndrome reported mainly in young children and is characterised by vaginal atresia with hydrometrocolpos, postaxial polydactyly, and congenital heart defect. bardet-biedl syndrome (BBS) is the generic name for a genetically heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders characterised by retinal dystrophy or retinitis pigmentosa (appearing usually between 10 and 20 years of age), postaxial polydactyly, obesity, nephropathy, and mental disturbances, or, occasionally, mental retardation. Typically, MKKS is diagnosed (and reported) in very young children, whereas the diagnosis of BBS often is delayed to the teenage years. We report here a series of nine patients diagnosed in infancy with MKKS because of the presence of vaginal atresia and postaxial polydactyly, who later developed obesity and retinal dystrophy, thus turning out to be instances of BBS. The overlap of BBS and MKKS is a real diagnostic pitfall and its importance has to be stressed, for genetic counselling, for clinical management and follow up, and for molecular approaches. The diagnosis of MKKS should be considered with caution in all published cases described exclusively in the neonatal period and in those with mental retardation. We strongly recommend all children seen in infancy with a diagnosis of MKKS to be re-evaluated for RP and other signs of BBS. ( info)

3/63. Diffuse brainstem glioma in a patient with Laurence-moon-(Bardet-)Biedl syndrome.

    An autopsy case of a patient with diffuse brainstem glioma associated with Laurence-moon-(Bardet-)Biedl syndrome is described. The subject was a 25-year-old woman who had been suffering from mental retardation, pigmented retinopathy, obesity, hexadactyly, amenorrhea and renal cysts. She developed dizziness, headache and consequent consciousness disturbance. Magnetic resonance images disclosed marked swelling of the pons without contrast enhancement. By means of combined chemotherapy and radiation, she survived for 15 months. Histopathological diagnosis for postmortem specimens obtained from the brainstem was glioblastoma multiforme. No pathogenetic association between the syndrome and brainstem gliomas is known, and the literature contains no cases of patients with this coincidence. ( info)

4/63. Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome associated with diabetes insipidus neurohormonalis.

    The case of a girl with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome without polydactyly is described. Additional features were small stature, diabetes insipidus neurohormonalis and a renal disorder. The diabetes insipidus neurohormonalis was successfully treated with a new vasopressin analogue, DDAVP. The importance of renal studies in patients with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome is emphasized. ( info)

5/63. Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome with vaginal atresia.

    A 15-year-old girl presented with the rare Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome, accompanied by vaginal atresia, and cervical dysgenesis. She was treated by hysterectomy and construction of a neovagina with bilateral pudendal thigh flaps. Two brothers and a sister (one of twins) were unaffected but the remaining brother also had the disease. ( info)

6/63. A new familial syndrome characterized by pigmentary retinopathy, hypogonadism, mental retardation, nerve deafness and glucose intolerance.

    Three siblings with retinitis pigmentosa, deafness and mental retardation were studied. Physical abnormalities included nystagmus, acanthosis nigricans and multiple keloids. The two male siblings had gynecomastia, small testes and mild subvirilization whereas the only indication of hypogonadism in the female sibling was oligomenorrhea. testosterone levels in the males, which were in the low to low normal range, were increased by the administration of large doses of chorionic gonadotropin. The two affected males had elevated plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels which were decreased by the administration of testosterone and increased by the administration of clomiphene. One sibling had mild obesity and diabetes mellitus, one had moderate obesity, normal glucose tolerance and hyperinsulinism and the third had abnormal glucose tolerance and hyperinsulinism. This familial syndrome is distinct from either the Laurence-moon, Bardet-Biedl or Alstrom disorders and provides further evidence of genetic heterogeneity in this group of autosomal recessive traits. ( info)

7/63. tibia vara in a patient with bardet-biedl syndrome.

    The bardet-biedl syndrome is characterized by polydactyly, hypogonadism, obesity, mental retardation, and retinitis pigmentosa. Several other skeletal findings include hip dysplasia, short stature, and skull deformities. The patient described in this report has the classic findings of bardet-biedl syndrome in conjunction with tibia vara and irregular physes of the lower extremities. ( info)

8/63. bardet-biedl syndrome and cystinuria.

    An unusual association of bardet-biedl syndrome with cystinuria was described in one patient. A 21-year-old male was admitted to hospital because of renal failure, severe deterioration of visual acuity, polydactyly, brachydactyly, and mental retardation. Laboratory investigations revealed a serum creatinine of 292 mumol/L (3.3 mg/dL) and a GFR of 25 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Quantitative ion exchange chromatography demonstrated an increased urinary excretion rate of cystine, lysine, arginine, and ornithine. The ophthalmologic examination showed a severe atypical retinal dystrophy. visual acuity was severely deteriorated and the patient could only count the examining physician's fingers. The patient had been previously evaluated at the age of 7 years for polyuria, polydipsia, and growth failure. His workup at that time demonstrated nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, normal GFR, and a urinary amino acid pattern consistent with the cystinuric phenotype. There was mental retardation notwithstanding the normal ophthalmologic examination. Intravenous pyelography showed calyceal clubbing, calyceal cysts, and lobulated renal outlines of the fetal type. The patient was evaluated again at the age of 13 years for deterioration of visual acuity and the ophthalmologic examination showed an atypical retinal dystrophy, with sparse pigmentation, central and peripheral atrophy, attenuated vessels, and marked optic disk pallor. To our knowledge the association of bardet-biedl syndrome with cystinuria has never been reported. It is unlikely that cystinuria may have contributed to the kidney damage. The possibility that mental retardation has been induced or aggravated by cystinuria cannot be excluded. ( info)

9/63. Linguistic and gait disturbance in a child with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome: left temporal and parietal lobe hypoplasia.

    Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by retinitis pigmentosa, obesity, polydactyly, hypogenitalism, mental retardation, and renal abnormalities. We report the linguistic and gait disorders in a child with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome associated with left temporal and parietal hypoplasia as determined by magnetic resonance imaging. Our patient was mildly mentally retarded, scoring better on the performance subtest than on the verbal subtest. He received serial assessments for developmental, language, speech, and gait functions, before and after rehabilitation, at age 4.5 and 6 yr, respectively. After comprehensive rehabilitation, the boy achieved improvement in speech, language, fine motor, and gait functions. Early comprehensive rehabilitation programs seem beneficial for improving functional development for children with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome. ( info)

10/63. Hypothalamic hamartoma associated with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome. Case report and review of the literature.

    A rare case of a patient with Laurence-moon-Biedl syndrome associated with hypothalamic hamartoma is described. The English-language literature contains no cases of patients with this association. The clinical manifestations of this syndrome, those of hypothalamic hamartomas, and the appearance of the tumors on magnetic resonance images are discussed. ( info)
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