Cases reported "Learning Disorders"

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21/22. The career success of an adult with a learning disability: a psychosocial study of amnesic-semantic aphasia.

    B.I. is a 39-year-old, intellectually gifted (IQ = 130) man with learning disabilities who, without known cause, demonstrated symptoms of amnesic-semantic aphasia at age 13. This led to placement in a public school class for students with mild mental retardation and to his dropping out of school after repeating Grade 9. His aphasia is associated with a severe deficit in speech comprehension, poor reading and writing, spatial confusion, and episodic memory loss. We studied the remarkable behavioral and cognitive adjustments that have enabled him to lead a fulfilling life and become a highly successful business executive. Implications are discussed in the context of patterns of successful functioning and current views of the neuropsychological and neurological bases of such disorders.
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ranking = 1
keywords = speech
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22/22. epilepsy or stereotypy? Diagnostic issues in learning disabilities.

    Approximately 0.8% of people in the general population have epilepsy. Within this group are specific sub-populations who co-present with other additional conditions, learning disability being one such example. epilepsy rates are the highest of all in this subgroup, between 21% and 50% and positively correlated with degree of learning disability. In addition, in the more severe categories, problems frequently arise when attempting to differentiate epileptic events from other phenomenon, such as stereotyped behaviours and involuntary movements. The individual is unable to communicate changes in consciousness and perception and observers often find it difficult to detect such changes, particularly with regard to the partial epilepsies. Intensive monitoring using EEG and video equipment can often prove valuable in such a situation in assisting carers to recognize epileptic episodes and respond accordingly.
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ranking = 0.1809411989736
keywords = perception
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