Cases reported "Leg Dermatoses"

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1/357. Hemophilus influenzae biotype III cellulitis in an adult.

    The case of a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus presenting with severe leg cellulitis caused by Hemophilus influenzae non-B biotype III is reported. skin infections caused by H. influenzae in general, and of the extremities in particular, seem to be rare in adults. This is the first reported case of cellulitis caused by H. influenzae biotype III. The infection was treated successfully with antibiotics. This case highlights the importance of blood cultures and prompt antimicrobial treatment in febrile adults with cellulitis, especially immunocompromised patients. ( info)

2/357. Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa: a case report and literature review.

    Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (CPN) is an uncommon form of vasculitis. It exists as a separate entity, though bearing similar name with polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) which is an aggressive systemic vasculitis with multi-organ involvement. CPN runs a chronic but benign course. Its aetiology is unknown and it usually presents with painful nodules on the legs with mild constitutional symptoms, and extracutaneous features of arthralgias, arthritis, neuropathy and myopathy. No mortality has been reported thus far. It is therefore important to distinguish CPN apart from PAN. Symptomatic treatment with judicial use of systemic steroids and anti-inflammatory agents will suffice in most cases. ( info)

3/357. Familial malignant melanoma.

    Two sisters simultaneously developed a superficial spreading malignant melanoma on their legs. Concurrently, a brother was affected with fatal metastatic melanoma. Several explanations for familial malignant melanoma are reviewed, including: 1. Genetically determined predisposition; ,2 Phenotypic and environmental factors; and 3. Infectious etiology (virus?). Relatives of patients who develop malignant melanoma spould be aware that they have a higher risk than the general population of developing this serious type of cancer. ( info)

4/357. Painful pigmented prosthesis pressure papules.

    Two patients who presented with tender hyperkeratotic papules involving their weight-bear.ing amputation stumps were studied. Although these clinical findings are common in the experience of prosthetists, the author has been unable to find any documentation of these findings in the literature. All attempts at relining and reshaping the cups of the original offending prostheses by experienced prosthetists were unsuccessful. The eruption cleared only after entirely new prostheses were designed. It would appear that this condition is due to a poorly fitting prosthesis. ( info)

5/357. The hyperkeratotic variant of disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP).

    A 78-year-old South Korean man was referred to us from the Medical intensive care Unit (MICU) for an opinion. He was comatose and was on ventilatory care due to aspiration pneumonia. Multiple tiny papules had developed 10 years previously and since then the number and size had been increasing gradually. He had been diabetic for the past 4 years, and had Parkinson's disease diagnosed 1 year previously. Laboratory examinations revealed an elevated level of white blood cells (WBCs) (25,000/microL) and decreased hemoglobin (8.8 g/dL). Other laboratory results were negative or within normal limits. skin examination showed multiple, discrete, crust-like, brownish papules over the erythematous base on the face, upper extremities, and lower extremities. With the clinical impressions of irritated verruca vulgaris, seborrheic keratosis, or cutaneous fungal infection, a skin biopsy was taken from a papule on the left shin, and histopathologic examination revealed several pronounced hyperkeratotic and parakeratotic columns, and characteristic cornoid lamellae in the stratum corneum. Beneath the cornoid lamellae, the granular layer was decreased. A number of round or oval, dyskeratotic, homogenized eosinophilic cells with pyknotic nuclei were scattered in the prickle cell layer below the cornoid lamellae. A mild lymphohistiocytic infiltrate was observed in the papillary dermis and around the blood vessels in the upper dermis. Also, actinic degeneration was present in the upper dermis. ( info)

6/357. Superficial spreading (and disappearing) seborrheic keratosis.

    A rapidly spreading plaque of seborrheic keratosis developed following liquid nitrogen treatment and involuted quietly after a dermatitis developed; polymerase chain reaction of the tissue did not demonstrate papillomavirus dna. Seborrheic keratoses can both develop and involute from more than one cause. ( info)

7/357. Ichthyosiform sarcoidosis.

    Ichthyosiform sarcoidosis is a rare specific cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis; it clinically and microscopically appears as acquired ichthyosis. We report a 68-year-old black man with a 10-year history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who presented with a 2-month history of acquired ichthyosis. His skin biopsy specimen showed both noncaseating granulomas in the dermis, consistent with sarcoidosis, and ichthyosis vulgaris. Ichthyosiform sarcoidosis is an uncommon presentation of cutaneous sarcoidosis that has been previously described in 19 nonwhite patients whose lesions were located on the legs. The skin lesions appeared either concurrently with or preceded the diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis in 76% of patients; 95% of the patients eventually developed systemic involvement of their sarcoidosis. The onset of acquired ichthyosis should prompt evaluation for an associated malignancy, connective tissue disease, endocrine abnormality, nutritional deficiency, drug reaction, or sarcoidosis. A skin biopsy specimen consistent with acquired ichthyosis may point to the presence of cutaneous sarcoidosis. ( info)

8/357. Cutaneous granulomatous lesions in common variable immunodeficiency: complete resolution after intravenous immunoglobulins.

    A 64-year-old man with common variable immunodeficiency developed a persistent papulonodular ulcerative eruption on the right leg. Histopathological examination disclosed a chronic inflammatory infiltrate with central necrosis and palisading granuloma. Repeated microbiological (bacteriological, mycological and mycobacteriological) studies failed to isolate any microorganism. After treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins, a progressive resolution of the skin lesions was observed with a complete clearing after 10 months. Clinicopathological features and therapeutic approaches of sterile granulomatous lesions associated with primary immunodeficiencies are reviewed. ( info)

9/357. Familial dyskeratotic comedones.

    We report a 49-year-old white woman having asymptomatic hyperkeratotic comedone-like lesions on her legs, arms and trunk. Her sister is similarly affected, but less severely. The clinical and histopathological features indicated a diagnosis of familial dyskeratotic comedones, a rare autosomal dominant condition. ( info)

10/357. Neutrophilic lobular (pustular) panniculitis associated with rheumatoid arthritis: a case report and review of the literature.

    Rheumatoid nodules, which affect the subcutis around joints, are the most frequent specific cutaneous lesions of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). panniculitis is a rarely reported and nonspecific complication of RA. We report a 42-year-old woman with seropositive RA who presented with a 2-month history of lower leg panniculitis. biopsy of a leg nodule showed a lobular neutrophilic infiltrate with lipophages and central basophilic necrosis. In addition, focal changes of lipomembranous fat necrosis indicative of ischemic damage were identified at the margins of the lobular infiltrate. Neutrophilic lobular panniculitis is commonly detected in panniculitis secondary to bacterial infections, pancreatitis, and factitial causes. However, this pattern of panniculitis has also been reported in some cases of erythema nodosum-like lesions found in Behcet disease or bowel bypass syndrome and in rare cases of seropositive RA. These reported histologic findings fall into the spectrum of neutrophilic vascular reactions described by Jorizzo and Daniels for RA-associated dermatoses. In view of these findings. RA and related neutrophilic dermatoses (e.g., Behcet disease) should be included in the differential diagnosis of neutrophilic lobular panniculitis. ( info)
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