Cases reported "Leg Injuries"

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1/547. Myofasciocutaneous expansion in the tegumentary rehabilitation of the amputation stump.

    In post-traumatic amputations, in particular in leg amputations, the presence of an unstable scar or of ulcerous areas that are difficult to heal in the site of the amputation stump constitutes a repair problem that is not easily solved. In this specific field of reconstruction skin expansion has earned significant agreement, and is even considered to be a safe and reliable method for the surgical rehabilitation of the amputation stump, allowing us to obtain high-quality tegumentary covering, with no excessive thickness, that adapts well to the prosthesis and to the underlying skeleton, and that is characterized by good sensitivity of protection. Tegumentary amplification may, in some cases, also become myocutaneous, allowing us to obtain more tissue thickness for protection in patients submitted to chronic loading that lasts longer and in those with thin teguments, in which traditional expansion could determine excessive narrowing of the tegumentary covering, following atrophy caused by compression of the subcutaneous adipose tissue. ( info)

2/547. Cement burns.

    Four cases are presented of men who sustained burns after contact with premixed concrete. The pathogenesis of the condition is discussed. ( info)

3/547. lower extremity injury: complex problems, complex answers.

    patients with traumatic injury to the lower extremities are admitted to the hospital with multiple interrelated problems requiring an interdisciplinary team approach to meet their needs. This article will explore the assessment and formulation of nursing diagnoses, implementation of care, and patient outcomes achieved. It will describe the nurse's role as the link between the patient and the physician and other members of the health care team. The cooperative actions of the different health care teams that work to achieve the desired outcomes are explained. A case study will be presented to illustrate these points. ( info)

4/547. Post-traumatic distal nerve entrapment syndrome.

    Eleven patients with paralysis of muscle groups in the upper or lower extremity were clinically diagnosed after previous proximal direct trauma to the corresponding peripheral nerves, without complete nerve disruption. patients were seen within an average of 8 months after trauma (minimum 3 months and maximum 2 years after). Nerve lesions were caused either by gunshot, motor-vehicle accident, and other direct trauma or, in one case, after tumor excision. All patients presented with complete sensory and motor loss distal to the trauma site, but demonstrated a positive Tinel sign and pain on testing over the "classic" (distal) anatomic nerve entrapment sites only. After surgical release through decompression of the nerve compression site distal to the trauma, a recovery of sensory function was achieved after surgery in all cases. Good-to-excellent restoration of motor function (M4/M5) was achieved in 63 percent of all cases. Twenty-five percent had no or only poor improvement in motor function, despite a good sensory recovery. Those patients in whom nerve compression sites were surgically released before 6 months after trauma had an improvement in almost all neural functions, compared to those patients who underwent surgery later than 9 months post trauma. A possible explanation of traumatically caused neurogenic paralysis with subsequent distal nerve compressions is provided, using the "double crush syndrome" hypothesis. ( info)

5/547. Chronic compartment syndrome of the lower leg: a new diagnostic method using near-infrared spectroscopy and a new technique of endoscopic fasciotomy.

    A 19-year-old female basketball player had chronic compartment syndrome. During basketball playing, she complained of bilateral lower leg pain that disappeared after several minutes of rest. The intracompartmental pressure in the anterior compartment was 41 mm Hg on the right side and 29 mm Hg on the left side immediately after playing. Prolonged ischemia of the anterior compartment was observed in comparison with four normal controls using near-infrared spectroscopy. magnetic resonance imaging also revealed that the anterior compartment was mainly affected. Endoscopic fasciotomy was performed using an arthroscope, a transparent outer tube, and a retrograde blade. After the operation, her symptoms disappeared. Three months postoperatively, the anterior compartment pressure decreased and prolonged tissue ischemia improved. Endoscopic fasciotomy allowed us to cut the fascia safely and less invasively. We concluded that this technique is useful in treating chronic compartment syndrome in the anterior compartment of the lower leg. ( info)

6/547. Trauma nursing: an advanced practice case study.

    Trauma is the leading cause of death in people less than 40 years of age. Blunt or penetrating trauma injuries may be a result of gunshot wounds, stabbings, head injuries,burns, falls or motor vehicle collisions. Unlike other patients entering the health care system, trauma victims have no time for hospital preparation. The physiologic and psychosocial complications resulting directly from the traumatic incident provide response patterns not typical of other patients. Further to this unpredictability, the trauma patient usually sustains multiple system injuries, making it difficult to design critical pathways in care plans. The complexity is heightened by the patient's unique perception of the traumatic event, which can be even more important than the physical injury in determining the ultimate impact of the trauma. ( info)

7/547. frostbite at the gym: a case report of an ice pack burn.

    The case is reported of a 59 year old woman who suffered a 1% total body surface area superficial partial thickness burn to her calf following the application of an ice pack. The cause, resulting injury, and subsequent management are discussed. It is possible that such injuries are common, but no similar reports were found in a literature search. awareness of the risk of this type of injury is important for all those entrusted with advising patients on the treatment of minor soft tissue injuries. ( info)

8/547. Muscle hernias of the lower leg: MRI findings.

    Muscle hernias of the lower leg involving the tibialis anterior, peroneus brevis, and lateral head of the gastrocnemius were found in three different patients. MRI findings allowed recognition of herniated muscle in all cases and identification of fascial defect in two of them. MR imaging findings and the value of dynamic MR imaging is emphasized. ( info)

9/547. Basosquamous carcinoma after ultraviolet therapy with artificial sunlight.

    We report a 63-year-old Japanese man with basosquamous carcinoma developing after ultraviolet therapy with artificial sunlight. Because he had had an eczematous lesion on the right leg five years previously, he had received ultraviolet therapy with artificial sunlight from a mercury-quartz lamp for a total of 30 sessions over a 3-year period. physical examination revealed an irregular erythematous plaque measuring 5 x 6 cm, with slight eruptions and erosions, on the right leg. A brownish plaque, measuring 9 x 12 cm, surrounded the erythematous plaque. Histopathologically, in the nests of atypical cells in the dermis, nuclear palisading was present at the edge of each tumor cluster. Adjacent clusters exhibited transitions to squamous cells and contained horn pearls. Most of the cells of the epidermis and adnexa were atypical, but cells of the normal adnexal epithelium extended over the atypical cells of the epidermis in an umbrella-like fashion in other lesions. We believe that, in the present case, artificial sunlight therapy caused solar keratosis and that this developed into basosquamous carcinoma. To our knowledge, skin cancer developing after ultraviolet therapy with artificial sunlight without PUVA has not previously been reported in the English literature. ( info)

10/547. Tibial artery false aneurysm: uncommon result of blunt injury occurring during athletics.

    Two young men presented with symptoms following lower extremity injuries sustained in the normal course of participation in sports. One played baseball while the other competed in Tae Kwon Do. One case presented with digital ischemia, the other developed a pulsating hematoma. Each came to angiography, and each proved to have a false aneurysm of a tibial artery. The tibial artery was ligated in each case, without further complications. The patient with digital ischemia was thought to have sustained microemboli, and also underwent lumbar sympathectomy. ( info)
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