Cases reported "Leiomyosarcoma"

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1/32. Pedunculated esophageal leiomyosarcoma: a case report.

    We report a case of esophageal leiomyosarcoma that possibly arose from the muscularis mucosae, thereby showing a particularly unusual appearance. A large polypoid intraluminal lesion in the distal esophagus was found on an endoscopic examination of a 68-year-old man with a 3-month history of dysphagia. Although the histological examination of biopsy specimens clearly revealed leiomyosarcoma, the absence of an exophytic component on computed tomography (CT) scan caused us to suspect that the tumor was carcinosarcoma. The tumor was resected by a subtotal esophagectomy. Microscopic evaluation revealed no involvement in the layer of the muscularis propria and no component of carcinoma. Clinical features of the pedunculated esophageal leiomyosarcoma shown in this case and three additional cases previously reported in the literature are reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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2/32. leiomyosarcoma of the esophagus in a patient with chagasic megaesophagus: case report and literature review.

    leiomyosarcoma constitutes approximately 0.5% of the malignant neoplasias of the esophagus and its association with megaesophagus has not been described. We report on a case of a woman with dysphagia that was slowly progressive from the age of 19 due to chagasic megaesophagus. The woman was subjected to cardiomyotomy at the age of 49. She presented a rapid worsening of the dysphagia due to leiomyosarcoma at the age of 61, and was subjected to subtotal esophagectomy with cervical esophagogastroplasty. She developed pulmonary and hepatic metastases 14 months after surgery and died six months later.
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ranking = 11
keywords = esophagus
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3/32. Esophageal sarcomas: report of three cases.

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sarcomas of the esophagus, including carcinosarcoma, are rare neoplasms. methods: The clinical and pathologic characteristics of 3 patients with esophageal sarcomas are presented, including the only recorded esophageal carcinosarcoma and 2 patients with leiomyosarcoma. RESULTS: All 3 patients were males who presented with dysphagia or an abnormal shadow of the mediastinum on a plain chest X-ray. Two tumors were in the middle esophagus, and the remaining one was in the distal esophagus. On endoscopic examination, all three tumors were noted to be polypoid. These patients underwent surgical excision. One patient died 7 days following the operation, and the remaining 2 patients died of liver metastasis 10 and 22 months following the treatment. CONCLUSION: esophagectomy or esophagogastrectomy is a surgical choice. Even if metastases are present, a palliative resection can still be performed.
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ranking = 3
keywords = esophagus
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4/32. Case of spontaneous regression of metastatic lesions of leiomyosarcoma of the esophagus.

    A rare case of spontaneous regression of esophageal leiomyosarcoma is reported. A 63-year-old woman underwent esophagectomy and reconstruction at our hospital after diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma. Nineteen months after esophagectomy, a coin lesion was detected in the right lung and right thoracotomy revealed pleural dissemination. The lesion in the right lung was resected and was confirmed histologically as recurrence of leiomyosarcoma. During further surgery, metastatic lesions were found in the spleen and pleura. However, all metastatic lesions were found to decrease without any anti-cancer therapy.
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ranking = 4
keywords = esophagus
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5/32. Smooth muscle tumors of the esophagus: clinicopathological findings in six patients.

    Preoperatively, it is difficult to discriminate leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma of the esophagus, which are rare smooth muscle tumors. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological findings of this unusual lesion. A search of the surgery archives of the Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital of pathology revealed six cases of esophageal smooth muscle tumors. Clinicopathological findings were reviewed retrospectively. Only three patients (50%) presented with dysphagia, and the remaining three patients were asymptomatic. These patients underwent surgical excision. Histologically four of the six tumors were leiomyomas, and the other two tumors were leiomyosarcomas. Two tumors were in the upper to middle esophagus, and the remaining four were in the distal esophagus. On endoscopic examination, all tumors were noted to be polypoid. The two leiomyosarcomas measured over 5 cm and the four leiomyomas less than 4 cm. Neither ulceration nor necrosis proved to be of use in discriminating leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma. The two patients with leiomyosarcoma died of liver metastasis 10 and 22 months after the treatment. patients with leiomyosarcoma presented with distant metastasis and/or recurrence, with hematogeneous metastasis being the predominant type of recurrence.
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ranking = 7
keywords = esophagus
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6/32. leiomyosarcoma arising in a remnant esophagus after esophagectomy: a case report.

    We report an extremely rare case of leiomyosarcoma arising from a remnant esophagus. A 52-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital for treatment of a tumor arising from the remnant esophagus. Four years earlier, he underwent a subtotal esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, T1N0M0 Stage I) located in the lower esophagus. After preoperative studies, partial esophagectomy with laryngeal preservation and reconstruction using a free graft from the jejunum were performed. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examination revealed leiomyosarcoma without metastasis. Immunohistochemical examination showed that most tumor cells were positive for smooth muscle actin and vimentin, but were negative for cytokeratin and S100. The deeply biopsied specimens are helpful for preoperative histological diagnosis. Mitotic activity has been considered an important criterion of malignancy. However, some cases with minimal mitosis in the tumor grow rapidly and were associated with poor prognosis. Therefore, we advocate that the clinical behavior is the only true indication of malignancy. We also provide a review of 64 cases of esophageal leiomyosarcoma reported in the Japanese literature with available data between 1969 and 1999, including the present case, and discuss their clinicopathological features. Asynchronous occurrence of leiomyosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma in the esophagus is most unusual and has never been reported. patients with infiltrating type leiomyosarcoma measuring more than 5 cm in diameter tend to have a poor prognosis. Chemotherapy did not exhibit any survival benefits. In the present patient, no recurrence has been noted for 23 months after surgery.
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ranking = 8
keywords = esophagus
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7/32. A leiomyosarcoma of the oesophagus presenting incidentally without dysphagia.

    leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumour that accounts for 0.5% oesophageal sarcomas. The most common presenting symptom is dysphagia. This report presents a case of oesophageal leiomyosarcoma in a 56-year-old Caucasian man found incidentally while being investigated for refractory cough. There was no history of dysphagia in spite of tumour mass occupying most of the oesophageal lumen. The leiomyosarcoma was managed successfully with surgical resection and adjuvant radiotherapy. The patient remains disease free after 15 months after surgical intervention. The unusual case presentation is discussed and the surgical management of this rare condition reviewed.
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ranking = 4
keywords = esophagus
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8/32. Polypoid sarcomas of the esophagus. A rare but potentially curable neoplasm.

    Five patients with polypoid esophageal sarcoma are reported. All had dysphagia similar to that occurring in epithelial carcinoma of the esophagus. The clinical diagnosis of sarcoma was suspected when barium swallow showed a large polypoid lesion. biopsy was often inconclusive concerning the nature of the lesion except to identify it as a neoplastic process. In spite of their large size, the tumors remained superficial within the esophageal wall. Nodal or distant organ metastasis was absent in 4 of the 5 patients. The histology of these tumors suggests that so-called carcinosarcoma is an epithelial carcinoma of the esophagus with varying amounts of spindle cell features and should be considered separately from sarcoma arising from mesenchymal tissue. Unlike carcinoma, esophageal sarcoma has a favorable prognosis following radical resection, and recent advances in esophageal surgery have decreased the mortality and morbidity of esophagectomy.
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ranking = 6
keywords = esophagus
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9/32. Simultaneous leiomyosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: report of a new case.

    leiomyosarcoma of the esophagus is an uncommon neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. The simultaneous occurrence of leiomyosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma in the esophagus as separate tumors is a very rare event. We present a case leiomyosarcoma associated with squamous cell carcinoma that was diagnosed after surgical resection. The clinical, radiologic, endoscopic and pathologic findings of this rare entity, and four additional cases previously reported in the literature are reviewed.
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ranking = 6
keywords = esophagus
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10/32. Primary gingival leiomyosarcoma. A clinicopathological study of 1 case with prolonged survival.

    BACKGROUND: leiomyosarcoma is a relatively uncommon mesenchymal tumor that exhibits smooth-muscle differentiation. Only 3 to 10% of leiomyosarcomas arise in the head and neck, the nose and paranasal sinuses, skin and subcutaneous tissue and cervical esophagus being the most common localizations. Most leiomyosarcomas involving the oral tissues primarily affect the maxillary sinus, the maxillary or mandibular bone. A review of the English-language literature since 1908 revealed 30 reported cases of primary leiomyosarcoma of the oral mucosa and soft tissues. MATERIAL AND methods: We report on a case of gingival leiomyosarcoma, arising in a 31-year-old female and involving the upper alveolar mucosa. Following the diagnosis of malignant neoplasm on frozen sections and an en-block resection, the tumour was formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded for histological and immunohistochemical examination. RESULTS: Microscopically, the tumor was composed of interlacing fascicles of spindle-shaped cells with elongated, blunt-ended nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, containing PAS-positive granules. Mitoses, both typical and atypical, and scattered necrotic foci were present. Consistent desmin, muscle specific and alpha-smooth muscle-specific, and vimentin immunoreactivity was demonstrated in the tumor cells. The patient is alive and free of disease at a 7-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-oral leiomyosarcomas are exceptionally rare. Accurate diagnosis and treatment is largely based on the careful search of clinical signs indicative of malignancy (e.g., neoplastic bone destruction, wide invasion of adjacent tissues) and intra-operative (frozen sections) examination of the lesion. Though the case reported herein showed an attenuated clinical behavior, prolonged follow-up is mandatory in view of possible tumor relapse.
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ranking = 1
keywords = esophagus
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