Cases reported "Leukocyte Disorders"

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1/5. Long-term follow-up of periodontitis in a patient with chediak-higashi syndrome. A case report.

    chediak-higashi syndrome (CHS) is an extremely rare hereditary disease characterized by leukocyte dysfunction. We report on a 21-year-old woman who presented at the age 9 years with CHS and serious periodontal tissue destruction around erupted teeth. The patient had received systemic, radiographic, immunological, microbial, and clinical periodontal examinations since childhood. The chemotactic activity of neutrophils in the Boyden chamber assay was 22% of the control, and leukocyte bactericidal activity was one-third of the control. actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, porphyromonas gingivalis, and prevotella intermedia were isolated from periodontal pockets. Periodontal treatment including oral hygiene was provided, followed by professional tooth cleaning from the age of 12 to 21 years. However, the mobility of teeth and the inflammation of periodontal tissue progressed. This CHS patient presented with periodontal disease of extremely early onset, which was resistant to periodontal treatment. ( info)

2/5. trisomy 14 with thrombocytosis and monocytosis.

    It has been reported that trisomy 14 is associated with myeloid malignancies, but a case with increased platelet count has also been reported. However, the clinical significance of trisomy 14 is still uncertain. We report a patient with trisomy 14 with thrombocytosis and a gradual increase in monocytosis. He was treated with hydroxyurea, cytarabine and aclarubicin in low doses and his quality of life was maintained for a period of about 1 year from blastic crisis. hydroxyurea, cytarabine or aclarubicin in low doses may be the treatment of choice for trisomy 14 patients with respect to the patients' quality of life. ( info)

3/5. Sebastian syndrome: report of the first case in a South American family.

    The Sebastian syndrome (SS) is a MYH9-related disorders, which are an extremely infrequent group of four autosomal dominant illnesses. SS consist of giant platelets, leukocyte inclusions and thrombocytopenia. To our knowledge, there are no case reports of this syndrome in south america. The propositus was a 35-year-old Argentine woman with a history of purpuric lesions in her lower limbs and thrombocytopenia. Idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) was previously diagnosed, but she did not respond to treatment with steroids. family history failed to provide any evidence of hearing loss, easy bruising, nephritis, renal failure or cataracts. The patient and 11 members of her family were evaluated. The diagnosis of SS was established by demonstrating giant platelets, thrombocytopenia and leukocyte inclusions in peripheral smear in two relatives and by peripheral smear and electronic microscopy in the propositus. MYH9-related disorders should be suspected whenever a patient has a low platelet count or a bleeding diathesis of unknown origin. In these cases, the history, carefully peripheral smear exam, immunocytochemistry and electronic microscopy will be of great help. Differentiation ITP with SS is important to avoid unnecessary diagnostic studies and treatments. ( info)

4/5. Recurrent lymphocytic hypophysitis in a woman 27 years after subtotal adrenalectomy for hypercortisolism possibly of autoimmune origin.

    Lymphocytic hypophysitis commonly occurs in females in peripartum period but several unusual presentations have been reported. Here we report a rare case of recurrent lymphocytic hypophysitis in a woman who had subtotal adrenalectomy for hypercortisolism 27 years back. Polyglandular autoimmune endocrinopathy with an uncommon combination of Cushing's syndrome and recurrent hypophysitis is a strong possibility in this case. Treatment with steroids has been found to have beneficial effect. ( info)

5/5. Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis and defective neutrophil function.

    Vitamin B(12) deficiency is a well-known cause of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). However, the mechanism by which this deficiency causes the stomatitis is not well understood. Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS) causes vitamin B(12) deficiency and proteinuria due to a defect in the vitamin B(12) receptor. We sought to determine whether the RAS observed in IGS patients is associated with neutrophil dysfunction. We report 3 infants with vitamin B(12) deficiency due to IGS, who presented with borderline or normal hemoglobin concentrations, RAS, and a neutrophil function defect. All 3 patients were homozygous for a splice site mutation affecting exon 4 of the AMN gene. A direct correlation was observed between low serum vitamin B12 levels and defective neutrophil function (low chemotaxis and elevated superoxide production) in the patients. Vitamin B(12) therapy led to an immediate resolution of aphthous stomatitis and full correction of neutrophil function. We demonstrated that serum vitamin B(12) deficiency is associated with a neutrophil chemotactic defect and RAS in IGS patients. We suggest that the RAS observed in these patients is due to this defect. ( info)

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