Cases reported "Lip Diseases"

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1/15. erythema multiforme secondary to herpes simplex infection: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: erythema multiforme (EM) is a complex disease that may have cutaneous and/or mucosal involvement. The severity may range from mild to severe and potentially life threatening. The literature cites many factors including viruses, infections, and medications as causes. This report documents a patient who developed EM secondary to a herpes simplex viral (HSV) infection. methods: Two weeks following an eruption of herpes labialis, a 20-year-old white female patient developed acutely painful oral and labial ulcers accompanied by target skin lesions. A diagnosis of erythema multiforme (EM) was made. The patient was treated with antivirals, analgesics, and symptomatic therapy. RESULTS: Nine days after the onset of symptoms, the oral and cutaneous lesions had started to heal and the patient no longer required pain medication. CONCLUSIONS: Although the etiology of EM is still often unknown, infections with herpes simplex virus have been implicated as a possible precipitating factor. This case illustrates the association of the occurrence of EM with an HSV infection.
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2/15. Anaesthesia of the right lower hemilip as a first manifestation of multiple myeloma. Presentation of a clinical case.

    multiple myeloma is a malignant proliferation of plasma cells. It may affect any of various bones, causing osteolytic lesions with a characteristic "punched out" radiographic appearance. The commonest symptom is bone pain. One of the most frequent locations is the mandible. Symptoms of multiple myeloma of the mandible include tumefaction, non-specific pain, tooth mobility and sometimes loss, and paraesthesia of the dental nerve. Here we report a case of multiple myeloma of the mandible which was unusual in that the presenting complaint was anaesthesia of the right lower hemilip.
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keywords = tooth
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3/15. Cutaneous and oral eruption from oral exposure to nickel in dental braces.

    Oral eruptions due to nickel allergy are rare. A common presentation of intraoral contact dermatitis is the presence of lichenoid plaques on the buccal mucosa adjacent to the offending antigen. We report an unusual case of cutaneous and mucosal nickel allergy arising after placement of dental braces. An 11-year-old boy was referred by his orthodontist to the University of minnesota Occupational and Contact dermatitis Clinic to be evaluated for a possible metal allergy. The patient developed an itchy rash on his abdomen and under his wristwatch 1 week after dental braces were placed. He was diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis from nickel. The patient avoided cutaneous nickel exposure and had a minimal resolution of his symptoms. One year later, the patient developed swelling and burning of the lips. Secondary to extreme discomfort, the braces, which contained nickel, titanium, and zinc, were removed. The patient underwent standard patch testing; the final reading at 96 hours showed a reaction to nickel, palladium, cobalt chloride, and neomycin. The patient experienced relief of his oral symptoms after removal of the braces. No current relevance to palladium, cobalt, or neomycin has been found.
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keywords = eruption
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4/15. natal teeth in monozygotic twins with Van der Woude syndrome.

    The second monozygotic twin pair concordant for Van der Woude syndrome is reported. Clinical manifestations of this autosomal dominant clefting syndrome included bilateral lower lip pits, cleft lip, and cleft palate. Both sibs were found to have a natal tooth. No other cases of Van der Woude syndrome with this feature have been described previously. It is uncertain whether the presence of a natal tooth in this instance represents a low-frequency association of this disorder. However, it appears more likely that its occurrence was incidental, since natal teeth have been reported before in twin pairs as an isolated finding.
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ranking = 1.1868901786875
keywords = tooth
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5/15. Spontaneous eruption of an occult incisor fragment from the lip after eight months: report of a case.

    Large majorities of dental traumas are associated with soft-tissue injury and tooth fragments. They are often found embedded in the oral soft tissues, most commonly the lip. Early detection and complete removal of such fragments is critical in order to prevent infection and scarring. Adequate communication between medical and dental professionals involved is of considerable value in the management of such cases. This report presents a case of spontaneous extrusion of an occult incisor fragment from the lower lip, eight months after trauma.
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ranking = 4.5934450893438
keywords = eruption, tooth
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6/15. rhabdomyosarcoma of the mandible in a 6-year-old boy.

    INTRODUCTION: rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive malignant tumour composed of neoplastic mesenchymal cells that infiltrate surrounding tissue structures, making their precise site of origin unclear. Although rare, this is highly aggressive and the most common soft-tissue neoplasm of the head and neck in children. Regrettably by the time most cases are initially seen, the patients already have large tumours, due to rapid tumour growth and delayed medical consultation. CASE REPORT: This report describes a 6-year-old presenting with just such symptoms of facial swelling and pain but elicitation of further information and findings, including tooth mobility of 3 days duration, led to prompt referral and early treatment of an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. CONCLUSION: General dental practitioners are frequently presented with a child with a swollen face and pain. Experience would suggest a dental abscess to be the most likely cause with treatment as appropriate. However, all swellings in children, should be thoroughly investigated and reviewed as particularly in this age group, tumour growth is rapid while early diagnosis allows successful treatment with multimodality therapy.
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keywords = tooth
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7/15. Bilateral lower lip mucoceles: cause of functional malocclusion in a three-year-old child.

    The case report of a three-year-old girl is presented, who had two nontender, bluish, fluctuant swellings diagnosed as superficial mucoceles present since the child was a few days old. The child had a unilateral crossbite with the mandibular midline shifted almost one tooth width to the left, a longstanding function adaptation producing malocclusion. The mucoceles were surgically removed, and the cross-bite disappeared.
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keywords = tooth
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8/15. Heck's disease (focal epithelial hyperplasia).

    A patient and his mother noted the insidious appearance of a distinctive benign papular eruption confined to the mucosa of the lips. The clinical pattern and histologic findings fulfill the criteria of a recently described entity, focal epithelial hyperplasia. An electron microscopic search for viral particles was negative. Arguments for both a viral and a hereditary pathogenesis have been put forth, but the etiology of the condition remains controversial. This disorder may be more frequently reported as dermatologists become increasingly aware of its existence.
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ranking = 1
keywords = eruption
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9/15. prochlorperazine--an unusual cause of lip ulceration.

    A case is reported of a fixed drug eruption due to prochlorperazine maleate which caused ulceration of the lower lip confirmed by a positive provocation test.
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keywords = eruption
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10/15. head and neck lesions commonly found in musicians.

    Common problems in playing musical instruments include soft tissue lesions, tooth mobility, malocclusion, TMD and endodontic pathoses. This article illustrates the basic playing positions of the instruments and their effects on head and neck structures to help dentists provide appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
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keywords = tooth
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