Cases reported "Lip Diseases"

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1/19. Geographic lip: a variant of geopgraphic tongue.

    The following aspects of the classic geographic tongue are discussed: clinical polymorphism with the appearance of annulus migrans, histological appearacne of the spongiform pustule, frequent association with pustular psoriasis and related diseases, and its relationship to psoriasis buccalis. Two cases of geographic lip are described in which annulus migrans was present. In one case, the geographic lip was associated with a plicated lip, a labial form of plicated tongue.
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2/19. Acute angioneurotic edema of the lips and tongue due to emotional stress.

    Angioneurotic edema, though a fairly common medical condition, is rarely seen in dental practice. As laryngeal involvement can occur spontaneously and suddenly in the dental office or a similar complication can develop abruptly after administration of certain drugs used in dentistry, an understanding of this condition is definitely indicated. Moreover, as the hereditary form of this clinical entity can be precipitated by trauma, such as various dental and oral surgical procedures with a high incidence of laryngeal edema, an awareness of this phenomenon is an absolute necessity for sound medical and dental practice.
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3/19. Human biting of children and oral manifestations of abuse: a case report and literature review.

    A ten-month-old female was taken to the Children's Hospital of new york for evaluation of suspected child abuse. The child presented with a severe oral herpetic infection, tongue laceration, and multiple bite marks. Social services confirmed that a parent bit the child's tongue.
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4/19. Labial tuberculosis: a unique cause of lip swelling complicating hiv infection.

    BACKGROUND: hiv disease has many oral manifestations including tuberculosis, which most commonly presents as irregular ulceration of the tongue or the palate. We detail an hiv-infected patient found to have tuberculosis of the lip. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge tuberculosis of the lips has never been reported in conjunction with hiv infection, and in this case establishing the oral diagnosis resulted in the diagnosis of disseminated disease.
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5/19. angioedema of the lips and tongue induced by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. A report of two cases.

    The following case reports describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of two patients who attended Liverpool University Dental Hospital with rapidly increasing swelling of the lips and tongue. Both patients were suffering from angioedema and were taking an angiotension-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (ACEI). A provisional diagnosis of ACEI-induced angioedema was made. An intramuscular injection of chlorpheniramine maleate was given to both patients and they were immediately transferred to the local accident and emergency department. These cases illustrate the potential role of the general dental practitioner in the early recognition and management of this potentially life-threatening condition.
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6/19. Olmsted syndrome--a rare syndrome with oral manifestations.

    Olmsted syndrome is a rare, congenital condition characterized by severe palmo-planter keratosis, periorificial keratosis, and hypotrichosis. Though orofacial keratosis is one of the consistent findings of Olmsted syndrome, it has never been reported in the dental literature. We report a case of Olmsted syndrome in an eight-year-old boy who presented with massive and crippling palmoplanter keratosis and bilateral oral lesions in the form of keratotic plaques at the corners of the mouth, as well as on the dorsum of the tongue.
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7/19. head and neck amyloidosis: a clinicopathologic study of 15 cases.

    amyloidosis refers to the idiopathic, extracellular deposition of fibrillar proteins, termed amyloid, in tissues. Although amyloidosis is a rare disease, the head and neck region has been reported as a frequent site of amyloid deposits, accounting for approximately 19% of reported amyloid cases in one review. Fifteen cases of head and neck amyloid, excluding the brain, with clinical follow-up were identified in the Surgical pathology files from 1985 to 2005 at Emory University Hospital. The histopathology, histochemistry, and patient follow-up were reviewed. Nine men and six women with an age range of 18-76 years (mean 55.7 years) were identified. The initial clinical presentation was dependent on the site of amyloid deposits. The clinical types of amyloidosis included localized amyloid deposits in the larynx and tongue, plasma cell dyscrasia associated AL amyloidosis, and hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis. Secondary amyloidosis developed in one patient with carcinoid tumor.
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8/19. oral manifestations of paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis).

    paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis) is an uncommon, progressive systemic mycosis, potentially fatal if untreated. It is virtually restricted to persons spending time in latin america. Reports of oral lesions are extremely rare in the English-language literature. Three adults with oral lesions as the first sign of paracoccidioidomycosis are described; this appears to be the largest series in the dental literature. The oral lesions had a characteristic appearance with a granular purpuric surface. The upper gingiva was a typical site, but lesions were also seen in the palate, tongue, and buccal mucosa. Two of the patients proved to have detectable pulmonary involvement. Long-term systemic ketoconazole therapy produced resolution of oral lesions in all cases.
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9/19. Ectopic geographic tongue and AIDS.

    A 23-year-old man with AIDS developed a lesion with the clinical characteristics of an ectopic geographic tongue in the lower lip, near the right commissure.
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10/19. The tongue flap for reconstruction in a case of mobius syndrome. A case report.

    This paper deals with the extension of the tongue flap technique for reconstruction of deficient perioral structures in a case of mobius syndrome. Some important surgical considerations, such as the vascularisation of the tongue, design of the flap, location of the flap base etc, are discussed and the operative procedures and the result are demonstrated.
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