Cases reported "Lipoma"

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1/23. lipoma arborescens of the knee.

    lipoma arborescens is a rare intraarticular lesion characterized by diffuse replacement of the subsynovial tissue by mature fat cells, producing villous transformation of the synovium. The etiology of this benign condition is unknown. The most typical site of involvement is the knee, most notably at the suprapatellar pouch, although other joints can be affected. Symptoms consist of gradual joint swelling, variable pain, motion range restriction, and intermittent joint effusions or bleeding. We report a case of lipoma arborescens and discuss the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of this disorder based on a literature review. Although it is rare, lipoma arborescens should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with chronic joint swelling or hemarthrosis.
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keywords = synovium
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2/23. Subperiosteal lipoma: a case report.

    Lipomas are the most common benign mesenchymal tumor. They can occur in various locations such as subcutaneous tissue, muscle, nerve, synovium, different periosteal layers, and bone [diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. 3rd ed. philadelphia: Saunders, 1995. p. 3814, 3947; Skeletal Radiol 27 (1998) 375]. To our knowledge, however, lipomas arising in a subperiosteal location have not been described previously. We present a patient with two subperiosteal lipomas of the femur.
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keywords = synovium
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3/23. lipoma arborescens of the hip.

    lipoma arborescens is a rare intra-articular lesion characterized by extensive villous proliferation of the synovial membrane and hyperplasia of subsynovial fat. Although it has been described as arising from traumatic, inflammatory, rheumatologic, developmental, and neoplastic causes, its etiology remains unknown. This article describes in detail--for the first time in the orthopedic literature-a case of lipoma arborescens of the hip. Clinical presentation, histologic and radiographic findings, and treatment of this rare lesion are discussed. Based on clinical, radiologic, and surgical evaluation, differential diagnosis for this lesion should include other conditions that cause synovial thickening, proliferation, and joint effusion--for example, synovial chondromatosis, pigmented villonodular synovitis, synovial hemangiomatosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Description of this case covers the full radiologic evaluation, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diagnostic pathologic description, and minimum 24-month follow-up. Although lipoma arborescens of the hip is a rare condition, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with its characteristic clinical prodrome and MRI findings confirming a periarticular fatty mass.
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ranking = 0.0018963086273487
keywords = membrane
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4/23. Solitary neurofibroma of the oral mucosa: a previously undescribed variant of neurofibroma.

    We report a distinct morphologic type of neurofibroma, lipomatous neurofibroma, arising in the oral mucosa, which has not been described previously in the literature. A 25-year-old female patient presented with a solitary mucosal mass on the palatal gingiva. Although the limited biopsy material was diagnosed as a spindle cell lipoma, characteristic light microscopic neurofibromatous areas, intricately admixed with mature fat, were found in the entire resection specimen. Immunohistochemically, many of the spindle cells were positive, either diffusely or focally, for common neural markers, with patchy staining for CD34 and epithelial membrane antigen. S-100 protein was also positive in adipocytes. Ultrastructural examination confirmed the diagnosis of neurofibroma and suggested an intimate relationship between neoplastic neural cells and adipocytes.
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keywords = membrane
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5/23. carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger wrist caused by a lipoma arising from flexor tenosynovium: a case report.

    We report on a patient with lipoma arising from flexor tenosynovium at the level of the wrist who had snapping of the middle finger and carpal tunnel syndrome. She was relieved of these symptoms after excising the lipoma.
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keywords = synovium
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6/23. Multiple subpial lipomas with dumb-bell extradural extension through the intervertebral foramen without spinal dysraphism.

    BACKGROUND: Intradural subpial lipomas not associated with spinal dysraphism, account for less than 1% of spinal cord tumors. The simultaneous existence of multiple intradural subpial lipomas with dumb-bell extradural extension through the intervertebral foramen in the same patient without any evidence of spinal dysraphism has not been previously reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 38-year-old man presented with progressive spastic paraparesis, and weakness of right elbow extension and opposition of the medial three fingers. He also had ascending paraesthesia from the C6 dermatome to the saddle region and loss of joint and position sense of both lower limbs with hesitancy and precipitancy of micturition. There was no spinal tenderness, deformity, neurocutaneous markers, or spinal dysraphism. The total duration of illness was 11 years.The oblique views of the plain radiographs of the cervical spine revealed an enlarged right C7-D1 intervertebral foramen. The T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images showed two intradural, hyperintense lesions (with extensive loss of signal on fat suppression sequences), one extending from C5 to D2 and the other opposite the C3-4 disc space. The parasagittal and axial images showed the extradural component of the lesion emerging from the right C7-D1 intervertebral foramen.At surgery, a C2 to D2 laminectomy was performed. The lipoma, enclosed in a fine pial membrane, was situated on the right posterolateral aspect of the cord. The right-sided nerve roots from the C6 to D1 levels were completely enmeshed by the lipoma. There was a separate superficial subpial lipoma adherent to the posterior aspect of the cord at the C3-4 level. A distinct area of normal cord was present between the two lesions. A subtotal decompression of the lesions including the component emerging through the right C7-D1 intervertebral foramen and a duraplasty were performed.At follow-up after 18 months, the posterior column impairment, lower limb hypoaesthesia, and right upper limb paraesthesia had improved. However, residual elbow extension and lower limb weakness, mild lower limb spasticity and sphincteric dysfunction persisted. CONCLUSIONS: The multiplicity of intradural subpial lipomas without spinal dysraphism points to a dysembryogenetic basis similar to that seen in patients with spinal dysraphism that results in lipomas, but in which the defect is not severe enough to give rise to coexisting vertebral and soft tissue anomalies. The dumb-bell extradural extension through the intervertebral foramen is extremely rare. The magnetic resonance imaging and surgical principles are discussed.
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ranking = 0.0018963086273487
keywords = membrane
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7/23. lipoma arborescens; successfully treated by yttrium-90 radiosynovectomy.

    Although radiosynovectomy (RS) applications have been carried out for many years, clinical indications of this non-invasive procedure is thought to be limited probably due to the lack of information of clinicians. Clinicians' preferential indication for RS is the treatment-resistant synovitis of individual joints, i.e. despite systemic pharmacotherapy and intra-articular steroid injections. We present here a case of "lipoma arborescens" treated by yttrium-90, which is a rare intra-articular lesion characterized by villous proliferation of the synovial membrane and hyperplasia of subsynovial fat. The results of clinical, biochemical and hematological examinations, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, arthroscopy and histological analysis have shown that the etiology was lipoma arborescens in a female patient, aged 36 having swelling and sometimes associating pain at her right knee for 4 years. We have applied to our patient's right knee RS with 185 MBq yttrium-90 colloid together with 40 mg of methylprednisolone acetate, although in our literature survey we have not met any similar case being treated with such indication. Even a year after the application, the patient has absolutely benefited from the treatment clinically, and this was also confirmed by comparative MR images (pre- and post-treatment). Consequently, we consider that Y-90 treatment might be applicable in suitable cases with lipoma arborescens.
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ranking = 0.0018963086273487
keywords = membrane
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8/23. Case report 745: Synovial lipoma arborescens.

    A case is presented of lipoma arborescens of the knee with an atypical, sudden onset. arthrography and ultrasound confirmed a synovially based lesion in the suprapatellar pouch. CT enabled a preoperative diagnosis of lipoma arborescens to be made, which was confirmed by surgical excision of a fronded fatty mass. Histological studies showed hyperplastic villi with mature adipose cells in the subsynovial layer. Resection of the synovium is considered curative, with only one case of recurrence after synovectomy having been reported [4].
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keywords = synovium
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9/23. Cerebral lipoma and the underlying cortex of the temporal lobe: pathological features associated with the malformation.

    Intracranial lipomas are believed to be congenital malformations rather than true neoplasms, resulting from the abnormal differentiation of the meninx primitiva, the undifferentiated mesenchyme. We report here the surgical pathological features of a lipoma that was located on the cerebral surface of an abnormally formed fissure, and the underlying cortex of the middle temporal gyrus of a 20-year-old woman. The mass was composed of typical adipose tissue in which a large number of blood vessels were present. Thick connective tissue associated with the arachnoid membrane covered the cortical surface. The cortex exhibited a polymicrogyric configuration in which the cortical ribbon was abnormally undulated and excessively folded. Reelin-immunolabeled Cajal-Retzius-cell-like cells were observed frequently in the fused molecular layer. The cortical lamination underlying the molecular layer was poorly defined. Along the border between the connective tissue and cortical surface, there was a narrow zone in which the mesenchymal and neuronal tissues were intermingled, and where immunohistochemical and ultrastructural investigations disclosed disruption of the basal lamina, prominent astrocytosis, and abundant axonal and synaptic profiles. These findings suggest that focal disturbances in cerebral cortical development occur in association with the development of lipomas.
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ranking = 0.0018963086273487
keywords = membrane
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10/23. fourth ventricle neurocytoma with lipomatous and ependymal differentiation.

    We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with a fourth ventricle tumor diagnosed as a cerebellar liponeurocytoma which recurred, showing ependymal differentiation, 14 months after surgery. magnetic resonance imaging at initial presentation revealed a large mass in the fourth ventricle, and histology showed a neoplasm characterized by a combination of well-differentiated neurocytes and cells resembling adipocytes. The tumor recurrence was histologically identical to the original tumor in some regions, but with fewer adipose-like cells, while other areas presented an endocrine architecture with oligo-like or pleiomorphic cells, and rosette-like arrangements of tumoral cells were seen around the thin vessels, with features similar to cellular ependymoma. The cells in the liponeurocytoma areas expressed synaptophysin, chromogranin a, and epithelial membrane antigen. glial fibrillary acidic protein was expressed in some dispersed tumoral cells, in lipidized tumoral cells, and in reactive astrocytes. Cytokeratin was focally expressed in the ependymal region of the recurrence. The immunophenotype of our case, with glial, ependymal, and neuronal or neuroendocrine markers, suggest a neurocytoma with lipomatous and ependymal differentiation. This tumor resembled those derived from circumventricular organs. Its localization in the area postrema region led us to hypothesize that it may be derived from this circumventricular organ.
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ranking = 0.0018963086273487
keywords = membrane
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