Cases reported "Liver Abscess"

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1/571. Hepatic abscess following transhepatic drainage of subphrenic abscess.

    A case of an hepatic abscess that developed after percutaneous transhepatic drainage of a subphrenic abscess is presented. The location of the abscess immediately along the tract of the drainage catheter and the similar organisms recovered from bacteriologic culture suggest that the abscess was related to direct contamination along the tract of the drainage catheter. The potential for abscess formation within the liver should be considered in the choice of access route for percutaneous drainage of retroabdominal abscesses. It may be preferable to avoid transhepatic drainage in patients in whom it is anticipated that the catheter drainage will require considerable length of time.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess, abdominal abscess
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2/571. liver abscess secondary to fish bone penetration of the gastric wall: a case report.

    An unusual case of liver abscess caused by fish bone perforation of the stomach is presented in this report. A 65-year-old woman was admitted to the Far Eastern Memorial Hospital for abdominal pain, fever and chills. physical examination revealed anemia and tenderness in the epigastrium. Laboratory data showed leukocytosis and abnormal liver function. Computerized tomography of the abdomen disclosed a huge abscess in the left lobe of the liver. Exploratory laparotomy was performed and a fish bone, 3.7 cm in length, was found perforating the stomach with penetration into the left lobe of the liver, resulting in a hepatic abscess. drainage of the liver abscess with removal of the fish bone and simple closure of the gastric perforation were performed. The patient recovered uneventfully.
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ranking = 0.56832263864261
keywords = abscess
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3/571. Sonographic appearances and percutaneous management of primary tuberculous liver abscess.

    Primary tuberculous liver abscesses are rare. We report on 3 patients who presented with a nonresolving abscess in the liver. Clinical presentation and sonographic findings in each case were nonspecific. A diagnosis of tuberculosis was established with microbiologic examination of pus in 2 cases and examination of an excised abscess wall in 1 case. Needle aspiration (1 patient) and short-term (72 hours) catheter drainage (1 patient) were unsuccessful, and surgical excision was required in these patients. In the third patient, continuous catheter drainage over 18 days resulted in cure, indicating that long-term catheter drainage with antituberculous chemotherapy may be a viable alternative to surgery in the management of primary tuberculous liver abscess.
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ranking = 0.56832263864261
keywords = abscess
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4/571. Hepatic abscess due to gastric perforation by ingested fish bone demonstrated by computed tomography.

    Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract by ingested foreign bodies is rare. Preoperative diagnosis of complications due to foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract can rarely be achieved because the conventional radiographic appearance is nonspecific. This report describes a 69-year-old woman who presented with vague clinical manifestations, intermittent abdominal pain, and low-grade fever. Hepatic abscess, secondary to a foreign body penetrating the gastric wall, was diagnosed preoperatively using computed tomography findings. On exploration, the foreign body turned out to be a fish bone. The abscess was confirmed and drained during surgery and a partial gastrectomy was performed. This case illustrates the value of CT in the evaluation of this condition.
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ranking = 0.42624197898196
keywords = abscess
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5/571. Hemorrhagic necrosis due to peliosis hepatis: imaging findings and pathological correlation.

    peliosis hepatis is an uncommon liver condition characterized by blood-filled cavities. We report the CT, angiographic and MR features of a case of peliosis hepatis with no obvious etiology and spontaneously regressing hemorrhagic necrosis. Helical CT showed multiple peripheral low-density regions with foci of spontaneous high density suggesting the presence of blood component. On MR imaging, the multiple peripheral lesions were hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperdense on T2-weighted images, with bright foci on all sequences suggesting subacute blood. angiography showed no evidence of tumor or vascular malformation; multiple nodular vascular lesions filling in the parenchymal phase and persisting in the venous phase suggested blood-filled cavities. Pathological examination showed blood-filled spaces with no endothelial lining, characteristic of the parenchymal type of peliosis. knowledge of the imaging features of hemorrhagic necrosis due to peliosis hepatis is important since it can be responsive to antibiotic therapy. Furthermore, differentiating hemorrhagic necrosis from hepatic abscess avoids dangerous and sometimes fatal percutaneous drainage.
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ranking = 0.071040329830326
keywords = abscess
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6/571. The development of a pancreatic abscess, suppurative pylethrombosis, and multiple hepatic abscesses after a pancreatojejunostomy for chronic pancreatitis: report of a case.

    We present herein an autopsy case of 63-year-old Japanese man who died as a result of pancreatic abscess, suppurative pylethrombosis, and multiple liver abscesses that had developed 10 years after a pancreato- and cystojejunostomy with side-to-side anastomosis for chronic pancreatitis. Even after this operation, the patient had continued to consume excessive amounts of alcohol. He had first experienced back pain with leukocytosis 9 years after the operation, which relapsed the following year. Despite percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage, his icterus had deteriorated into hepatic insufficiency. Computed tomographic scans of the abdomen had disclosed multiple liver abscesses. At autopsy, a pancreatic abscess and suppurative pylethrombosis as well as multiple liver abscesses were found. There have been few reported cases of such lethal complications developing after a pancreato- and cystojejunostomy for chronic pancreatitis. As the consumption of alcohol would have exacerbated the chronic pancreatitis, such patients should be strongly advised to abstain from drinking alcohol.
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ranking = 0.92352428779424
keywords = abscess
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7/571. Pyogenic liver abscess as a cause of acute upper abdominal pain. A report of two cases.

    The clinical course of 2 patients with acute abdominal pain, which was eventually found to be due to pyogenic hepatic abscesses is described. One patient, operated on late in the course, died; the other, who was operated on early, recovered. The importance of considering this life-threatening disease in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain is emphasized.
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ranking = 0.35520164915163
keywords = abscess
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8/571. Effectiveness of IFN-gamma for liver abscesses in chronic granulomatous disease.

    In chronic granulomatous disease, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) significantly reduces the incidence and severity of recurrent infections, but its effectiveness administered ex novo during acute infection has been reported in only one case. In this report, we describe two adult brothers with chronic granulomatous disease treated successfully with IFN-gamma for acute liver abscesses. Two brothers with severe recurrent infections of unknown origin were hospitalized for septic fever, malnutrition, and ultrasonographic evidence of liver abscess. Autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease was diagnosed based on lack of superoxide anion production by phagocytes and absence of p47-phox protein. An antibiotic regimen specifically directed against staphylococcus aureus was ineffective, whereas treatment with 50 microg/m2 IFN-gamma s.c. thrice weekly induced complete healing with scarring within 3 months. No septic recurrence was observed during a 4-year follow-up period. In chronic granulomatous disease, IFN-gamma is effective not only in preventing but also in healing life-threatening acute infections.
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ranking = 0.42624197898196
keywords = abscess
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9/571. Non-traumatic liver rupture due to a perforated gastric ulcer.

    The case of a 57-year-old woman with a fatal liver rupture due to a necrotizing perihepatic abscess caused by a perforated gastric ulcer is presented. The ulcer had been treated successfully by surgical intervention 8 days before. The autopsy revealed a large perihepatic abscess and multiple ruptures of Glisson's capsule with a large subcapsular hematoma and underlying lacerations of the liver parenchyma. The patient had no history of previous abdominal trauma and the known etiological factors for spontaneous liver rupture were excluded by the autopsy findings or by clinical and laboratory data. No liver penetration by the gastric ulcer was found at autopsy and there were no clinical signs or symptoms for an infection or any degenerative or inflammatory diseases. Histologically abundant vegetable fibers, identified as stomach contents and a dense infiltrate of lymphocytes and granulocytes were found in the perihepatic abscess next to Glisson's capsule. Below Glisson's capsule there were hemorrhages, focal hepatocellular necrosis and a mixed cell inflammatory infiltration. In the present case, preceding perforation of the gastric ulcer with leaking of gastric acid into the peritoneal cavity resulted in peptic digestion of Glisson's capsule. Vascular lesions of the affected parts of Glisson's capsule and the liver parenchyma underneath resulted in intrahepatic hemorrhage and an increase in intrahepatic pressure with subsequent liver rupture. To the authors' knowledge no similar case of spontaneous liver rupture due to perforation of a gastric ulcer has been reported previously.
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ranking = 0.21312098949098
keywords = abscess
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10/571. Sonographic detection of multiple staphylococcus aureus hepatic microabscesses mimicking Candida abscesses.

    We report the sonographic, CT, and clinical findings in a patient presenting with clinical sepsis and multiple staphylococcus aureus hepatic microabscesses. Although contrast-enhanced CT has had a higher sensitivity than sonography in detecting hepatic microabscesses in some studies, this examination was negative in our patient. On sonography, numerous small hypoechoic lesions were present. Some target-like lesions had a striking similarity to candida albicans microabscesses. The hepatic lesions were believed to be pyogenic liver microabscesses, as several blood cultures were positive for S. aureus. Following prolonged intravenous antibiotic therapy, all the hypoechoic hepatic lesions disappeared, along with the clinical and biochemical signs of sepsis.
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ranking = 0.85248395796391
keywords = abscess
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