Cases reported "Liver Neoplasms"

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11/56. Overexpression of the Sm-like proto-oncogene in primary and metastatic pancreatic endocrine tumors.

    CONTEXT: The cancer associated Sm-like proto-oncogene mRNA has been found to be overexpressed in the majority of pancreatic adenocarcinomas and is necessary for the transformed phenotype in pancreatic cancer cell lines. However, expression levels have not been examined in other types of pancreatic neoplasms, such as pancreatic endocrine tumors. SETTING: Fifteen primary pancreatic endocrine tumors, including five insulinomas and 10 non-functioning tumors, along with seven hepatic metastatic pancreatic endocrine tumors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Quantitative expression levels of cancer associated Sm-like mRNA were measured by real-time PCR. Overexpression was defined as a two-fold or greater value when compared to the expression levels found in normal pancreatic islet cells obtained from healthy donors. RESULTS: In primary tumors, four of the 10 non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors were found to overexpress cancer associated Sm-like mRNA (40%). Three of the five (60%) insulinomas also overexpressed cancer associated Sm-like mRNA. In total, cancer associated Sm-like mRNA was overexpressed in seven of 15 primary tumors (47%) and in the majority (71%, 5 of 7) of the hepatic metastases. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the cancer associated Sm-like mRNA gene may also play a role in the tumorigenesis of pancreatic endocrine tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tumorigenesis
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12/56. Simultaneous presentation of hepatocellular carcinoma in identical twin brothers.

    family history and hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection have been identified as risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma. We report hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosed at the same time in identical twin brothers. Serological analyses of the patients showed that both were chronically infected with HBV. Molecular analyses of the tumor specimens confirmed loss of heterozygocity of the Rb gene region. Both of the patients were unresponsive to chemotherapy and died within the same month with an interval of I wk. With a review of the current literature, we discuss the role of HBV infection and genetic factors on hepatic carcinogenesis.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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13/56. Development of multicentric hepatocellular carcinoma after completion of interferon therapy.

    We report a case of multicentric hepatocellular carcinoma that developed in a 74-year-old man 3 and 6 years after interferon (IFN) treatment for chronic hepatitis c, despite sustained virologic, biochemical, and histological improvement. Initially, serum hepatitis c virus rna was positive and the patients' serum level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT; 82 IU/ml) was abnormal. hepatitis b virus (HBV) in the serum was negative for surface antigen, surface antibody, core antibody, and dna. The patient was started on 10 x 10(6) international units (IU) of IFNalpha, 3 days a week for a total of 24 weeks. After the IFN therapy, the patient demonstrated a normal serum ALT level, and was continuously negative for HCV-rna, and histology improved from chronic active hepatitis to chronic persistent hepatitis. follow-up studies with ultrasonography (US) every 3 months and computed tomography (CT) every 6 months revealed no space-occupying lesion (SOL) for 3 years after IFN treatment.US-guided biopsies of two 15-mm hypoechoic SOLs in segments eight (S8) and seven (S7) 34 and 74 months, respectively, after IFN treatment showed well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Clinical data, imaging studies, and histologic examinations showed that both tumors were multicentric HCC. Further studies may provide insights into the possible role of HCV in hepatocarcinogenesis in patients demonstrating HCV eradication by IFN treatment.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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14/56. Two case reports of childhood liver cell adenomas harboring beta-catenin abnormalities.

    The benign epithelial neoplasm liver cell adenoma is rare, especially in childhood. We report 2 such cases, 1 of which was associated with prader-willi syndrome. Differential diagnosis of the liver cell adenomas on the basis of histopathologic findings proved difficult and was based on the absence of cellular and nuclear atypia, mitotic activity, and invasive growth. In both cases, immunohistochemical staining demonstrated the nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin, and in 1 case, the tumor cells carried a mutation of the beta-catenin gene. Recently, disregulation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway, attributable to abnormalities of the beta-catenin gene, has been reported to be a major event in the development of hepatocellular carcinomas and hepatoblastomas. Our report may be the first to describe the beta-catenin abnormalities in childhood liver cell adenoma. These findings imply that abnormalities of beta-catenin can be an early initiating event in human liver tumorigenesis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tumorigenesis
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15/56. Transitional liver cell tumors (TLCT) in older children and adolescents: a novel group of aggressive hepatic tumors expressing beta-catenin.

    BACKGROUND: We encountered on seven malignant hepatocellular tumors developing in older children and adolescents. RESULTS: These tumors exhibit an unusual phenotype with respect to clinical presentation, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and treatment response. As a working hypothesis, we suggest that these apparently novel, unusual, and aggressive tumors occurring in older children and adolescents may form a transition in the putative developmental pathway of hepatocarcinogenesis. CONCLUSION: We therefore propose the term, transitional liver cell tumors (TLCT), to denote these lesions.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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16/56. brain metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma. A case report.

    brain metastasis from hepatocarcinoma are a decidedly rare occurrence in countries where this pathology is most frequent. The authors describe a case of metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma in a patient suffering from post-HBV hepatic cirrhosis with hemorrhagic onset. The "stroke-like" presentation of the cerebral localization of the disease can be explained by both the important vascularization of the tumor and the frequent hemocoagulative alterations caused by the cirrhosis. The importance of diagnostic neuroradiology is briefly addressed, with reference to the fundamental role played by MRI. Surgery of these lesions does not present any particular technical problems as long as they are located in accessible areas and the patient's general and neurological conditions allow it. Postoperative radiotherapy seems to improve the quality and quantity of residual life, although the number of patients described in the literature is too small to draw any definite conclusion. Promising molecular biology studies are under way to evaluate the role of oncosuppresor gene expression in hepatocarcinogenesis and in the way the disease spreads.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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17/56. Synchronous hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma arising in two different dysplastic nodules.

    We present the first reported case of explant cirrhotic liver that had synchronous cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma arising in two different high-grade dysplastic nodules. The patient was a 55-year-old woman who had hepatitis b virus-associated liver cirrhosis for 3 years. The moderately differentiated cholangiocarcinoma occurred in high-grade dysplastic nodule with a 1.7-fold cell density compared with that of cirrhotic nodule. The hepatocellular carcinoma arose in a nodule-in-nodule pattern within a peripherally low-grade and centrally high-grade dysplastic nodule and had a 2.7-fold cell density compared with that of cirrhotic nodule. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells of the cholangiocarcinoma as well as bile ductular cells in dysplastic nodule were diffusely positive for cytokeratin 7, whereas hepatocellular carcinoma cells and dysplastic hepatocytes were negative for cytokeratin 7. The c-kit-positive hepatic progenitor cells were singly scattered between hepatocytes, and their number was highest in cirrhotic nodule and decreased in dysplastic nodule, whereas they were absent in cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma arising in dysplastic nodules. Proliferation indices were progressively increased in cirrhotic nodule, dysplastic nodule, and cholangiocarcinoma or hepatocellular carcinoma, sequentially. These observations indicate that cholangiocarcinoma as well as hepatocellular carcinoma can develop in dysplastic nodule and that hepatic progenitor cells might play a role in the early stage of cholangiocarcinogenesis and hepatocarcinogenesis.
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ranking = 2.0040404733778
keywords = carcinogenesis
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18/56. Barrett's esophagus and squamous cell carcinoma in a patient with psychogenic vomiting.

    We report the association of Barrett's esophagus and invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the distal esophagus in a young 31-yr-old woman with a history of self-induced psychogenic vomiting. The development of intestinalized columnar mucosa and esophageal cancer in this young patient illustrates the complicated associations between human behavior and pathogenetic mechanisms involved in esophageal carcinogenesis.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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19/56. cystadenocarcinoma of the liver without mesenchymal stroma: possible progression from a benign cystic lesion suspected by follow-up imagings.

    We herein report a 64-year-old Japanese woman with cystadenocarcinoma of the liver without mesenchymal stroma which had been followed up by imagings for 12 years. A small round cyst grew from 1cm to 4 cm in diameter during 10 years. Thereafter, solid components were first detected in the unilocular cystic mass, which showed very rapid growth. Extended right lobectomy with right caudate lobectomy was performed. The histopathological diagnosis was cystadenocarcinoma of the liver without mesenchymal stroma. In this communication, we describe the progressive morphologic changes, shown on imagings, from a benign hepatic cyst to cystadenocarcinoma of the liver without mesenchymal stroma, and we briefly discuss the carcinogenesis of cystadenocarcinoma of the liver.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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20/56. New hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SUHC-1 established from a patient with hepatitis c virus rna in serum.

    A new human hepatocellular carcinoma cell (HCC) line, designated SUHC-1, was derived from a Japanese patient with hepatocellular carcinoma having antibody to hepatitis c virus (HCV) and HCV-rna in his serum, and established in tissue culture. This cell line exhibited typical epithelial cell morphology in culture as observed by phase-contrast and electron microscopy. The SUHC-1 cells produced albumin and alpha 2-macroglobulin. Chromosomal analysis showed several rearrangements at short and long arms of chromosome 1, 17 and 20 (1p-, 1q-, i(1q), i(17q) and 20q ) with a modal number of 91. HCV-rna was not detected in the supernatant of SUHC-1 cells by nested polymerase chain reaction assay or in the SUHC-1 cells by the in situ hybridization method. We concluded that complete HCV does not exist in the SUHC-1 cell line. The SUHC-1 cell line is the first line of HCC to have been derived from a patient with persistent HCV infection, and may provide a suitable model for studies of hepatocarcinogenesis related to HCV.
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ranking = 1.0020202366889
keywords = carcinogenesis
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