Cases reported "Liver Neoplasms"

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1/6332. Solitary hepatic hemangioma in a newborn infant complicated by cardiac failure, consumption coagulopathy, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and obstructive jaundice. Case report and review of the literature.

    A newborn infant with a large hepatic hemangioma developed congestive heart failure, consumption coagulopathy, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and obstructive jaundice. The patient was mildly heparinized (250 units per kg and day) and underwent successful resection of the tumor without lobectomy at the age of 3 days. blood volume increased from 93.9 ml/kg at the age of 5 h to 124.2 ml/kg prior to surgery. Red-cell mass simultaneously decreased from 53.8 to 39.4 ml/kg. The increase of blood volume is explained by congestive heart failure, the decrease of red-cell mass by intravascular coagulation within the tumor resulting in formation of thrombi and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. A review of the literature on infants with symptoms caused by an intrahepatic hemangioma during the first month of life confirms that surgical intervention is the treatment of choice for infants with giant solitary hemangioma of the liver.
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2/6332. Metastatic endometrial cancer in lung and liver: complete and prolonged response to hormonal therapy with progestins.

    A double complete and prolonged response of metastatic endometrial carcinoma to medroxyprogesterone is reported. A 61-year-old woman with metastatic endometrial carcinoma in lung and liver achieved a complete clinical response with medroxyprogesterone lasting for 2 years. She discontinued the therapy by herself and developed a pulmonary relapse, which disappeared after retreatment with the same hormonal therapy. At present, she is alive without evidence of disease 6 years after starting progestins for metastatic disease and 14 years after treatment of the primary tumor. Progestin therapy in metastatic endometrial carcinoma is discussed, emphasizing the factors predicting response.
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3/6332. Intact PTH-producing hepatocellular carcinoma treated by transcatheter arterial embolization.

    We report a case of hepatocellular carcinoma with hypercalcemia. There was no evidence of bone metastasis or increase in parathyroid hormone-related protein. The serum level of intact parathyroid hormone (intact PTH) was very high, and the results of the hepatic venous sampling suggested that the tumor produced intact PTH. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization effectively controlled the humoral hypercalcemia.
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4/6332. Liver metastases from extremity soft tissue sarcoma.

    Liver involvement by soft tissue sarcoma is an unfavorable prognostic factor for survival. Complete resection of liver metastases can bring improvement in selected patients, but chemotherapy remains the only palliative treatment option for most. Anecdotal long-term survival of patients with unresectable liver metastases treated with systemic chemotherapy has been reported, such as the patient presented here.
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5/6332. Development of an Epstein-Barr virus type 2 (EBV-2)-associated hepatic B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in an hiv-1-infected patient following a change in the EBV dominant type.

    From the longitudinal study of a cohort of HIV-positive patients, we report the case of a patient who initially harbored the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) type 1 and subsequently developed an EBV-2-associated non-Hodgkin's B lymphoma a few years after an EBV-2 reactivation, or an exogenous reactivation, in the blood. At the time of diagnosis of hepatic lymphoma, the blood and the throat harbored high levels of the EBV-1 dominant strain. sequence analysis of EBNA-2 gene revealed that: (1) type 2 EBV detected during reactivation and then in hepatic tumor was very likely to be the same strain and was mostly identical to the EBV prototype AG876; (2) type 1 virus conserved the same mutations during all the follow-up. These results suggest that EBV-2 might be associated with lymphomatogenesis and that a transient reactivation could lead to the development of an EBV-associated disease.
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6/6332. A case of primary lymphoma of the liver.

    A case of primary malignant lymphoma of the liver is described. Presenting with epistaxis, he died in hepatic encephalopathy with an intractable bleeding post-bulbar duodenal ulcer.
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7/6332. liver transplantation for metastatic hemangiopericytoma associated with hypoglycemia.

    We report a case of successful liver transplantation in a young man with metastatic hemangiopericytoma confined to the liver. He had a primary retroperitoneal hemangiopericytoma removed in 1982 and was diagnosed as having liver metastases 8 years later. Subsequently, he developed hypoglycemia, which did not respond to chemotherapy. hepatectomy and transplantation resolved his hypoglycemic attacks. He remained well and symptom free for 4 years. liver transplantation can provide effective palliation and should be considered in carefully selected patients with localized metastatic cancer.
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8/6332. Medullary thyroid carcinoma with multiple hepatic metastases: treatment with transcatheter arterial embolization and percutaneous ethanol injection.

    A 54-year-old man with medullary thyroid carcinoma in the thyroid gland was unable to undergo total thyroidectomy because the tumor had invaded the mediastinum. radiation therapy and chemotherapy were given. Seven years later, intractable diarrhea and abdominal pain appeared, and computed tomography demonstrated hypervascular tumors in the thyroid gland and in the liver. The tumors were successfully treated with percutaneous ethanol injection to a lesion in the thyroid gland and transcatheter arterial embolization followed by percutaneous ethanol injection to tumors in the liver. Transcatheter arterial embolization and percutaneous ethanol injection may be valuable in treating medullary thyroid carcinoma.
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9/6332. Premalignant lesions and hepatocellular carcinoma in a non-cirrhotic alcoholic patient with iron overload and normal transferrin saturation.

    A 66-year-old white man had a hepatic resection for a 6-cm well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma which had developed in a non-cirrhotic liver. The only risk factors found were heavy drinking, smoking and heterozygosity for the C282Y mutation of the HFE gene. The liver was mildly fibrotic and overloaded with iron. It also contained numerous iron-free hepatocellular lesions from <1 to 10 mm, suggesting a premalignant change. These lesions were of three types: (i) iron-free foci, (ii) hyperplastic nodules and (iii) dysplastic nodules with severe dysplasia or even foci of well-differentiated grade I hepatocellular carcinoma. This observation suggests the possibility of malignant transformation of the liver in the newly-described syndrome of iron overload and normal transferrin saturation. It also illustrates the multistep process of carcinogenesis in the non-cirrhotic liver.
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10/6332. Primary yolk sac tumour of the liver in adulthood.

    Primary yolk sac tumour of the liver is exceedingly rare. A 28 year old woman presented with a cystic liver mass and a markedly raised serum alpha-fetoprotein concentration. She underwent a partial hepatectomy for a suspected hepatocellular carcinoma but histological examination of the tumour revealed the classical morphological and immunohistochemical features of a yolk sac tumour. There was no evidence of an extrahepatic primary source. review of this case, together with the six previously reported adult cases of primary yolk sac tumours of the liver, revealed several features of the tumour that may aid differentiation from hepatocellular carcinoma, with potential therapeutic implications.
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