Cases reported "Liver Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/794. Is the presence of surgically treatable coronary artery disease a contraindication to liver transplantation?

    Advanced coronary artery disease has been traditionally considered an absolute contraindication to orthotopic liver transplantation where chronic liver failure significantly increases the surgical risk for coronary artery bypass grafting. Performing a simultaneous coronary artery bypass grafting and liver transplant is a theoretically attractive strategy in liver transplant candidates with coronary artery disease in need of revascularization. In the present article, we report a successful simultaneous coronary artery bypass grafting and orthotopic liver transplant with 1-yr post-operative follow-up and we discuss the rationale for this approach. In selected cases, the presence of advanced coronary artery disease should not be considered an absolute contraindication to liver transplantation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/794. Primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor: successful hepatectomy in two cases and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor represents an extremely rare clinical entity with only very few cases having been reported to date. methods: The case histories of 2 patients with presumably primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumor were analyzed and a complete follow-up obtained. The literature was reviewed to provide comprehensive data collection. RESULTS: Both patients underwent partial hepatic resection. Histomorphologic diagnosis revealed a neuroendocrine tumor in both cases. Extensive preoperative as well as intra- and postoperative search for the primary tumor did not identify another site of neuroendocrine tumor tissue. Six and ten years after hepatic segmentectomy, the 2 patients are alive and show no clinical signs of malignancy. Their most recent thorough follow-up included computed tomography and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy. Neither a nonhepatic primary neuroendocrine tumor site nor recurrent disease was found in the 2 patients. The literature review resulted in a complete survey of all previously reported cases of primary hepatic neuroendocrine tumors. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the liver was the primary site of the neuroendocrine tumor in both patients. Radical surgery was successfully performed as the only treatment option with curative intention.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/794. Treatment of metastatic vipoma by liver transplantation.

    We report the first case of metastatic vipoma treated by orthotopic liver transplantation. A woman with explosive secretory diarrhea causing hypokalemic acidosis was diagnosed as having a vasoactive intestinal peptide secreting tumor with widespread hepatic metastases. The symptoms were initially controlled for 9 months with increasing doses of long-acting somatostatin analogue (Sandostatin, Sandoz Ltd, UK). Alpha interferon was not tolerated, causing an acute paranoid psychosis. Eventually orthotopic liver transplantation was performed with the removal of the primary tumor from the distal pancreas. Postoperatively, complications were associated with the distal pancreatectomy. The patient has no evidence of tumor recurrence on imaging or serum VIP level 12 months posttransplantation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/794. Primary hepatic carcinoid tumor.

    A primary hepatic carcinoid tumor arising in a 49-year-old woman is reported. The patient was admitted with multiple hepatic tumors and treated by a left lobectomy and cholecystectomy. Cut sections of the specimen revealed a solid and necrotic mass, measuring 10 x 12 x 13 cm, with multiple small satellite nodules. Histologically, the tumor cells had small oval-shaped nuclei and presented with a trabecular arrangement and rosette-like formation. Both Grimelius and Fontana-Mason stainings were positive. The tumor cells were positive for chromogranin a and negative for other antigens. Ultrastructural studies of the tumor cells revealed duct-like formation with microvilli and a cluster of dense small immature neurosecretory granules in the cytoplasm. These findings were consistent with those of carcinoid tumors. Postoperatively, the patient was treated with repeated transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for any remnant tumors. However, she died of the disease 5 years after the initial surgery. The autopsy findings suggested the primary site to be the liver.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/794. Management of adrenal metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma by asynchronous resection of bilateral adrenal glands.

    We report on a 65-year-old man who received asynchronous bilateral adrenalectomy for adrenal metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Fifteen months after curative resection of right hepatic lobe for hepatocellular carcinoma, a metastatic lesion of the left adrenal gland was detected and left adrenalectomy was performed. Ten months after the second operation, a metastatic lesion in the right adrenal gland, associated with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava, was revealed. Transcatheter arterial embolization of the arteries feeding the metastatic tumor was performed, but its effects were incomplete. As there was the tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava and no other intrahepatic recurrence or extrahepatic metastasis was found, resection of the right adrenal gland with tumor thrombus, without the employment of veno-venous bypass, was performed, followed by postoperative hormonal supplementation. Changes in the patient's alpha-fetoprotein level were clinically useful for the detection of the metastatic lesions and the evaluation of therapeutic effects. Metastasis to adrenal gland from hepatocellular carcinoma should be actively managed, and the appropriate surgical treatment selected, if intrahepatic recurrence and/or other extrahepatic metastasis are controlled. To achieve higher curability and better outcome in patients with bilateral adrenal metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma, bilateral total adrenalectomy is indicated, accompanied by effective postoperative hormonal supplementation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/794. Efficacy of applied cardiovascular surgery techniques for extended resection in hepato-biliary-pancreatic malignancies.

    The application of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and vascular surgery techniques provide the possibility to resect severely advanced hepato-biliary-pancreatic (HBP) malignancies that had been adjudged unresectable hitherto. In this paper, recent two successful cases are reported for the purpose of indicating the efficacy of ECC and vascular surgery techniques in HBP surgery. Two patients had a cholangiocellular carcinoma and a carcinoma of the pancreatic head, those metastatic lymph nodes invaded to the portal veins and the hepatic arteries. These tumors could be resected en bloc with these Glissonian vessels using a centrifugal pump through veno-venous bypass. Reconstruction of these portal veins was performed with autologous external iliac vein graft. Postoperative angiographies showed no anastomotic leakage or occlusion on vascular anastomotic sites in both cases, and they have gone on uneventful postoperative courses. Application of cardiovascular techniques in the field of HBP surgery might expand surgical indication for advanced malignancies.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/794. A case of primary adenosquamous/squamous cell carcinoma of gallbladder directly invaded duodenum.

    A rare case of primary gallbladder carcinoma is reported. A 67 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for treatment of suspected duodenal carcinoma. A series of radiographic examinations demonstrated a giant tumor involving the duodenum, gallbladder, pancreatic head, and transverse colon. These extensions made it difficult to identify the primary origin of the carcinoma. Pancreatoduodenectomy, cholecystectomy, and resection of the transverse colon were performed. Macroscopically, ulcerative lesions were seen in both the gallbladder and the duodenum. Microscopic examination revealed adenosquamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder, invasive of the adjacent organs, including circumferential invasion of the second portion of the duodenum. The patient tolerated the operation well and was discharged 28 days post-operatively, but died of liver metastasis 4 months after surgery. Local invasion of the surrounding tissues is characteristic of adenosquamous/squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder. Although surgery for cure is deemed possible, the rapid growth rate of this type of tumor may cast doubt on the value of extensive radical surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/794. Thrombelastographic patterns during cryotherapy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma.

    A cirrhotic patient with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and thrombocytopenia undergoing cryotherapy showed: 1) transient hyperfibrinolysis shortly after platelet transfusion, and 2) evidence of activation of coagulation after freezing and thawing of tumor as measured on the thrombelastography. No anti-fibrinolytic treatment was required for the hyperfibrinolysis which subsided spontaneously in this patient. This case report highlights that: 1) in patients with chronic liver disease, platelet transfusion might potentially worsen rather than improve the hemostatic function by activation of fibrinolysis, and 2) activation of coagulation may underlie the perioperative coagulation changes seen in cryotherapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/794. Calcification in mucinous cholangiocellular carcinoma.

    Calcification is rarely seen in cholangiocellular carcinoma. We herein report the case of a 53 year-old man with calcification in a cholangiocellular carcinoma. Because imaging studies had revealed coarse calcified foci, hepatolithiasis was suspected pre-operatively. The patient underwent a laparotomy in which intra-operative cholangioscopy revealed no gallstones but did reveal an unsuspected tumor with abundant mucin. A left hepatic lobectomy with resection of the extrahepatic bile duct was performed. The tumor histology was mucinous adenocarcinoma with calcification. In the English language literature, we found 9 cases of cholangiocellular carcinoma with macroscopic calcification. Six of these cases were mucinous adenocarcinomas. Roentgenologic examination revealed coarse calcification in 7 cases and fine calcification in 2 cases. Clinicians should note that cholangiocellular carcinoma, especially the mucinous variant, may be accompanied by coarse calcification.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/794. cryosurgery for unresectable primary hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report and review of literature.

    Primary liver cancers are a significant cause of both morbidity and mortality. Although surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for these tumors, only 10 to 20 per cent of the primary liver tumors are found to be resectable. Presently, the options for these patients include liver transplantation, cryosurgery, or nonsurgical therapy, such as transarterial chemoembolization. Techniques such as alcohol injection, interstitial radiotherapy, laser hypothermia, and radiofrequency electrodissection have all been attempted with limited success. We present a case of a 68-year-old woman with a 10-year history of liver cirrhosis secondary to chronic active hepatitis c. A lateral segmentectomy was recommended but could not be done due to severe underlying cirrhosis. cryosurgery aided by intraoperative ultrasonography was performed successfully. The patient developed recurrent disease at 58 months and died with disease at 62 months. Advances in instrumentation and intraoperative ultrasonography are making cryosurgery a viable surgical therapeutic alternative in the management of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. The procedure can be performed safely with low morbidity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Liver Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.