Cases reported "Low Back Pain"

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1/46. An unusual extraspinal cause of bilateral leg pain.

    low back pain with pain radiating to the lower extremities is common in patients referred to a spine center. Lumbar spine pathology is commonly the etiology of such symptoms, but extraspinal causes of back and leg pain can manifest as a radicular disorder. Extraspinal etiologies must be considered in the workup of back and leg pain. This report describes an unusual case of spontaneously occurring bilateral femoral neck stress fractures presenting as low back pain with seemingly bilateral L4 radicular symptoms.
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ranking = 1
keywords = stress fracture, fracture
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2/46. magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of sacral stress fracture.

    Low back and buttock pain in athletes can be a source of frustration for the athlete and a diagnostic dilemma for the doctor. Sacral stress fractures have been increasingly recognised as a potential cause of these symptoms. As plain radiographs are often normal and the radiation load of an isotope bone scan is substantial, the alternative use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of a sacral stress fracture is highlighted in this case report.
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ranking = 6
keywords = stress fracture, fracture
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3/46. osteomalacia that became symptomatic 13 years after a total gastrectomy.

    A 66-year-old man who underwent a total gastrectomy 13 years ago was admitted to our hospital complaining of severe low back pain and muscle weakness. Biochemical examinations revealed hypocalcemia, hypophosphathemia, low serum 25 (OH) vitamin D and hyperparathyroidism. A chest CT scan revealed pseudofractured ribs, whereas plain X-photography did not show any significant findings. We diagnosed the illness as osteomalacia due to malabsorption. The patient has been receiving oral active vitamin d and calcium, and the pain and serum calcium and phosphate values have improved to the point that he can receive out-patient treatment.
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ranking = 0.48595904678247
keywords = fracture
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4/46. Contralateral spondylolysis and fracture of the lumbar pedicle in an elite female gymnast: a case report.

    STUDY DESIGN: The case of an elite female gymnast whose pathology started in her 12th year and whose evolution has been exceptional is reported. OBJECTIVE: To present a fracture of the right lumbar pedicle showing complete spontaneous consolidation despite gymnastic practice 15 hours a week. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar pain, which has an incidence of approximately 75% among young athletes, often results from diseases of the posterior arch of vertebrae in gymnasts, including spondylolysis. The association between unilateral spondylolysis and fracture of the contralateral lumbar pedicle in young athletes is poorly described. methods: An elite young female gymnast underwent clinical examination and lumbar radiographs (as systematically required by the French Federation for high-level gymnasts) from 1994 to 1997 to join a sports program in gymnastics. RESULTS: Clinical examination and lumbar radiographs systematically required of an asymptomatic female gymnast allowed the condensation of the right pedicle to be observed before lysis of the left isthmus of L5 in 1994, unilateral lysis of the left isthmus of L5 in 1995, a right pedicular fracture of L5 in 1996, and healing of the pedicular fracture in 1997. CONCLUSION: Inconsistency between radiographs and clinical observations can be noted, and spontaneous consolidation of pedicular fractures can occur despite the practice of the gymnastics 15 hours a week.
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ranking = 4.3736314210422
keywords = fracture
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5/46. carbon dioxide and gadopentetate dimeglumine venography to guide percutaneous vertebroplasty.

    Percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is an effective procedure for relieving pain due to vertebral body compression fractures. The technique employs iodinated contrast venography to exclude needle placement directly within the basivertebral complex. We present two cases in which carbon dioxide (CO2) and gadopentetate dimeglumine venography was used to guide percutaneous vertebroplasty in patients with a contraindication to iodinated contrast.
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ranking = 0.48595904678247
keywords = fracture
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6/46. Pedicle fracture after instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion: a case report.

    STUDY DESIGN: The case report of a 60-year-old man with late onset back pain after lumbar spine fusion is presented. OBJECTIVE: To report the rare complication of bilateral pedicle stress fractures after instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A 56-year-old man underwent revision spinal surgery for ongoing back pain secondary to pseudoarthroses. A posterolateral L4-S1 instrumented fusion using pedicle screws was performed. Autologous bone graft was applied to the decorticated lateral masses. The internal fixation was removed 2 years later, at which time plain radiographs showed that the fusion mass was solid. At the age of 60 years, the man presented with worsening back pain. Plain radiographs and computed tomographic scans demonstrated bilateral L4 pedicle stress fractures. A bone scan indicated that these were recent in origin. METHOD: The clinical assessment was undertaken by the senior author and surgeon. Investigations included plain radiography, computer tomography, and scintographic imaging. A systematic literature review of the relevant publications was performed. RESULTS: In the reported patient, bilateral pedicle stress fractures developed 2 years after pedicle screw removal from an L4-S1 instrumented posterolateral lumbar spine fusion. This occurred at the uppermost level of the fusion mass. CONCLUSIONS: The pedicle is the weakest point in the neural arch after posterolateral fusion. Although movement continues at the level of the disc space anteriorly, the pedicle is susceptible to fracture. Pedicle fracture is a rare late complication of posterolateral lumbar spine fusion.
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ranking = 5.9157542806948
keywords = stress fracture, fracture
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7/46. Lumbosacral pain in an athlete.

    This report presents a case of a stress fracture in the sacrum. The diagnosis of a stress fracture in the sacrum is an uncommon localization and has been reported infrequently in the English literature. association of this type of stress fracture with a pneumatocyst has not previously been reported.
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ranking = 3
keywords = stress fracture, fracture
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8/46. Stress fractures of the sacrum. An atypical cause of low back pain in the female athlete.

    low back pain is a common finding in an athletically active premenopausal female population. We describe an unusual cause of persistent low back/sacroiliac pain: a fatigue-type sacral stress fracture. Plain radiographs, bone scans, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging studies were obtained in the female athletes to determine the nature of the pathologic abnormality. The most significant risk factor for fatigue-type sacral stress fractures was an increase in impact activity due to a more vigorous exercise program. Potential risk factors such as abnormal menstrual history, dietary deficiencies, and low bone mineral density were examined. The clinical course was protracted, with an average 6.6 months of prolonged low back pain before resolution of symptoms. Sacral fatigue-type stress fractures did not preclude the athletes from returning to their previous level of participation once healing had occurred.
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ranking = 4.9572697228418
keywords = stress fracture, fracture, fatigue
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9/46. Opioids in non-cancer pain: a life-time sentence?

    There is continuing reluctance to prescribe strong opioids for the management of chronic non-cancer pain due to concerns about side-effects, physical tolerance, withdrawal and addiction. Randomized controlled trials have now provided evidence for the efficacy of opioids against both nociceptive and neuropathic pain. However, there is considerable variability in response rates, possibly depending on the type of pain, the type of opioid and its route of administration, the time to follow-up, compliance and the development of tolerance. Five patients were selected with nociceptive or neuropathic pain in whom other pharmacological or physical therapies had failed to provide satisfactory pain relief. They received transdermal fentanyl (starting dose 25 microg/h) for at least 6 weeks. Transdermal fentanyl dosage was titrated upwards as required. Transdermal fentanyl provided adequate pain relief in patients with nociceptive pain (diabetic ulcer, osteoporotic vertebral fracture, ankylosing spondylitis) or neuropathic pain with a nociceptive component (radicular pain due to disc protrusion, herpetic neuralgia). The duration of treatment ranged from 6 weeks to 6 months for four cases. In the case of ankylosing spondylitis, treatment was carried out for 2 years, stopped and then restarted successfully. There were no withdrawal effects or addictive behaviour on treatment cessation, regardless of duration of the treatment. In conclusion, strong opioids may provide prolonged effective pain relief in selected patients with nociceptive and neuropathic non-cancer pain. Transdermal fentanyl treatment can often be temporary and can easily be stopped following adequate pain relief without withdrawal effects or any evidence of addictive behaviour.
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ranking = 0.48595904678247
keywords = fracture
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10/46. Recurrent pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    We report a case of recurrent pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A 51-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of lumbago and general fatigue, with multiple ulcers on the soles of his feet. staphylococcus aureus was isolated from peripheral blood and the foot ulcers, and 67Gallium scintigram showed abnormal isotope uptake, accumulated at the lower thoracic spine. Antibiotics were administered and the patient underwent intensive insulin therapy. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed after the levels of c-reactive protein decreased to 0.0 mg/dl, indicated old inflammatory changes at the Th8-Th9 spine and antibiotics were stopped. Unexpectedly, 8 days later the patient complained of lumbago with fever again, and MRI showed acute inflammatory changes at the same lesion site. This case report suggests that it is important for complementary antibiotic therapy to continue after signs of inflammation have disappeared in cases of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis.
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ranking = 0.0044778452373042
keywords = fatigue
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