Cases reported "Lung, Hyperlucent"

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1/19. Mediastinal esophageal cyst causing unilateral hyperlucent lung.

    Unilateral emphysema secondary to bronchial obstruction by a foregut-derived mediastinal cyst is rare. Here we describe an infant with a unilateral hyperlucent lung due to compression on the left main bronchus by an esophageal cyst, visualized by chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. A chest roentgenogram and a perfusion scan presented the normalized left lung after resection of the cyst. ( info)

2/19. A case of bronchogenic carcinoma and concomitant Swyer-James syndrome.

    A 46-yr-old male patient with the rare concomitance of Swyer-James syndrome in the left lung and small cell lung carcinoma in the right is presented in the light of pertinent literature. ( info)

3/19. Macleod's syndrome presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax.

    A 19-year-old woman with a recent history of recurrent bronchitis presented with a spontaneous left pneumothorax. review of the chest radiographs revealed features of Macleod's syndrome on the same side, with unilateral lucency and hypoplastic hilar vessels. To our knowledge this is the first report of Macleod's syndrome presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax. ( info)

4/19. Swyer-James syndrome complicated by lung abscess.

    Swyer-James syndrome, a rare disease with unilateral hyperlucent lung due to bronchiolitis obliterans and pulmonary artery hypoplasia, generally develops after lower respiratory tract infection during early childhood. Invasive procedures, including bronchoscopy and angiography, are often necessary for a definitive diagnosis. We report a 17-year-old man admitted because of cystic bronchiectasis complicated by lung abscess. Chest roentgenography showed the typical findings of Swyer-James syndrome. Noninvasive magnetic resonance angiography was used to confirm hypoplasia of the right pulmonary artery. The patient received antibiotic therapy, underwent a right lower lobectomy for the lung abscess, and recovered. ( info)

5/19. Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome.

    Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome is a rare complication of respiratory tract infection occurring in early childhood. We report two children with chronic cough and recurrent wheezing who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for this disorder: 1) Unilateral loss of lung volume with hyperlucency on chest x-ray. 2) Unilateral reduction in vascularity on CT scan of the chest. 3) Unilateral loss of perfusion on technetium 99c lung scan. ( info)

6/19. Surgically treated Swyer-James syndrome.

    Because patients with Swyer-James syndrome have almost always been treated conservatively, few reports exist of pathological findings of the lung in this syndrome. We report a case of this rare disease treated surgically and discuss pathological findings. A 36-year-old woman repeatedly contracted bronchitis and pneumothorax since adolescence, until April 26, 1997, when she reported chest pain and dyspnea. Chest X-ray on admission showed left pulmonary collapse with a slight deviation of the mediastinum toward the right. Chest computed tomography showed an apical bulla and emphysematous change in the left upper lobe. Pulmonary arteriography at age 17 showed hypoplasia of left pulmonary artery branches in the left upper lobe. Based on a diagnosis of Swyer-James syndrome, we conducted left upper lobectomy on May 2, 1997. Pathological examination of the resected left upper lobe showed marked emphysematous change, including an emphysematous bulla with destruction of alveolar structure and peribronchiolar fibrosis. No vascular abnormality was recognized in histology. Emphysematous change secondary to repeated bronchiolitis is believed to have led to her repeated pneumothorax. ( info)

7/19. air-trapping zone surrounding sclerosing hemangioma of the lung.

    We present two cases of sclerosing hemangioma of the lung with a peculiar radiologic finding: an air-trapping zone surrounding the tumor. On microscopic examinations, the tumor was of the hemangiomatous subtype, and the radiolucent zone corresponded to enlarged alveoli with septal destruction. A possible mechanism in the production of an air-trapping zone around a sclerosing hemangioma is bleeding from the highly vascular tumor followed by expectoration in communication with an airway. We reviewed the literature on the air meniscus sign in sclerosing hemangioma and concluded that although it is not a common finding, it could be of help in the confident diagnosis of sclerosing hemangioma and in differentiating it from other benign tumors of the lung. ( info)

8/19. Bilateral Swyer-James (Macleod's) syndrome.

    Swyer James syndrome (SJS) is a rare disorder. It is generally discovered on a chest radiograph as increased translucency involving one hemithorax with diminished vascular markings. We present a 5-year-old girl admitted for the treatment of recurrent bronchiolitis. She was diagnosed as having Swyer James syndrome from the results of CT scan and ventilation perfusion scintigraphy, which revealed unsuspected bilateral involvement. This condition should be considered as a differential diagnosis in a patient with Swyer James (Macleod's) syndrome without an obvious etiology. ( info)

9/19. Clinical, physiologic, and roentgenographic changes after pneumonectomy in a boy with Macleod/Swyer-James syndrome and bronchiectasis.

    Macleod/Swyer-James syndrome is an uncommon and complex disease characterized by roentgenographic hyperlucency of one lung or lobe due to loss of the pulmonary vascular structure and to alveolar overdistension. This syndrome seems to be an acquired disease that follows viral bronchiolitis and pneumonitis in childhood. It must be differentiated from many other causes of unilateral lung "transradiancy" on the chest roentgenogram, such as those related to congenital bronchial and/or vascular abnormalities. We here describe an 11-year-old patient with Macleod/Swyer-James syndrome and bronchiectasis resulting in severe recurrent bronchopulmonary infections. Despite the severe impairment of pulmonary function, the patient underwent resection of the right lung with progressive improvement of clinical and physiologic parameters. ( info)

10/19. Video-assisted thoracoscopic bullectomy for spontaneous pneumothorax in a Swyer-James syndrome patient.

    We treated a 15-year-old patient with spontaneous pneumothorax associated with Swyer-James syndrome using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Thoracic computed tomography showed hyperlucent areas in the bilateral lungs. Due to major air leakage continuing for a week, we conducted VATS bullectomy. Because the opposite lung suffered hypoplasia, intermittent bilateral pulmonary ventilation was required to sustain an adequate PaO2 in arterial blood gas analysis during surgery. Because of recurrent pneumothorax, we performed reoperation 10 months later, finding a few newly generated bullae. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of VATS used to treat a Swyer-James syndrome patient with pneumothorax. ( info)
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