Cases reported "Lung Neoplasms"

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1/665. Human herpes-virus 8 seropositive patient with skin and graft Kaposi's sarcoma after lung transplantation.

    Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has been reported after solid organ transplantation mostly in recipients of renal, liver, heart, and bone allografts. We describe the first case of a patient with lung transplantation who developed KS of the skin, but also of the lung graft. The tumors were localized to places of previous trauma, implying the involvement of a Koebner phenomenon. Moreover, a polymerase chain reaction assay revealed the presence of dna sequences of herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) on tissue of the cutaneous KS. Serological tests showed HHV-8 seronegativity of the graft donor and HHV-8 seropositivity of the patient before lung transplantation suggesting that the latter was already infected before the surgery and that immunosuppression resulted in the development of KS. This case report raises the question of the prevalence of HHV-8 in candidates for transplantation and organ donors, and of the value of an antiviral prophylaxis to lower the risk of KS.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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2/665. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma with solitary bone location associated to multiple lung and liver lesions. A case report.

    Progressive development of a lobulated osteolytic lesion of the left calcaneus was observed in a 28-year-old woman. The bone tumor was associated with multiple lung nodules and later with a few small nodular liver lesions. A histological and immunochemical diagnosis of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma was obtained by bone tumor resection and thoracoscopic lung biopsy. Imaging aspects are reported with emphasis on its multifocality.
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ranking = 6
keywords = bone
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3/665. Ocular adnexal granulocytic sarcoma as the first sign of acute myelogenous leukemia relapse.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of granulocytic sarcoma involving the eyelids and caruncles after bone marrow transplantation. methods: Case report. A 30-year-old man with acute myeloid leukemia in remission developed multiple friable eyelid and caruncular lesions in addition to two cutaneous lesions on the chest wall and right axilla approximately 3 months after a successful autologous bone marrow transplant. RESULT: Pathologic examination was consistent with granulocytic sarcoma. CONCLUSION: This condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cutaneous or eyelid masses in patients with a history of leukemia.
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ranking = 2
keywords = bone
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4/665. Severe rhabdomyolysis as a complication of high-dose chemotherapy in a patient with advanced testicular cancer.

    BACKGROUND: A 38-year-old man was diagnosed with choriocarcinoma in the left testis, a 9 cm retroperitoneal tumor, left hydronephrosis, multiple lung metastasis and gynecomastia. His serum hCG level decreased but was still above the normal range after four courses of standard chemotherapy. methods: High-dose chemotherapy was then given with ice (ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide) from days -7 to-3. RESULTS/DISCUSSION: On day -2 the patient became confused and hallucinated, so the sedatives haloperidol and flunitrazepam were administrated. His creatinine phosphokinase levels increased to 6150 IU/L (reference range <197 IU/L) on day 0. myoglobinuria and myoglobinemia were noted and the renal dysfunction progressed. A peripheral blood stem cell transplantation was performed after hemodialysis on day 0. Although his bone marrow recovered, the patient died of respiratory failure on day 18. An autopsy revealed massive pulmonary bleeding. Pretreatment renal dysfunction, renal damage by high-dose chemotherapy, ifosfamide-induced hallucinations and the administration of sedatives, such as haloperidol and flunitrazepam, may have been causative factors for the rhabdomyolysis observed in this patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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5/665. Bone agent localization in hepatic metastases.

    We present the bone scintigrams of two patients, which demonstrate diffuse extraosseous uptake of a bone agent in metastatic masses in the liver, one from a primary lung tumor and one from a primary breast tumor. The bone imaging agent did not localize in the brain metastases in these patients. CTs of the abdomen in both patients showed massive metastases in the liver with multiple areas of tumor necrosis. The CT of the abdomen of the breast cancer patient showed multiple small hepatic calcifications. autopsy revealed massive tumor necrosis with calcifications in the enlarged liver. In routine bone scintigraphy, diffuse uptake of bone agents in the liver of a patient with a known malignancy should be considered suggestive of massive hepatic metastases.
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ranking = 5
keywords = bone
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6/665. A staff dialogue on caring for a cancer patient who commits suicide: psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and caregivers.

    Shortly before his death in 1995, Kenneth B. Schwartz, a cancer patient at massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), founded The Kenneth B. Schwartz Center at MGH. The Schwartz Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting and advancing compassionate health care delivery which provides hope to the patient, support to caregivers, and encourages the healing process. The Center sponsors the Schwartz Center Rounds, a monthly multidisciplinary forum during which caregivers discuss a specific cancer patient, reflect on the important psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and their caregivers, and gain insight and support from their fellow staff members. The case presented was of a 31-year-old man who developed adenocarcinoma of the lung with painful bone metastases. His tumor was unresponsive to treatment and he subsequently committed suicide by shooting himself. The verbatim and subsequent discussion raised a number of issues. Staff were devastated by the violent way that he ended his life. They questioned whether more could have been done to prevent this outcome, yet acknowledged that it mirrored the way he had lived, and were able to discuss the values by which we live and die. Some, but not all, felt that the patient had the right to choose how and when to end his life.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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7/665. Second lung adenocarcinoma after combination chemotherapy in two patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    We report a rare complication of a secondary malignant solid tumor in two patients with non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma who developed lung adenocarcinoma after treatments with combination chemotherapies. The first was a case of primary malignant lymphoma of the cervical spinal cord which had been previously treated with radiation to the spinal lesion and combination chemotherapies and entered complete remission. The patient was further treated for relapse with autologous bone marrow transplantation preconditioned with high-dose chemotherapy. Lung adenocarcinoma developed 5.5 years after the initial diagnosis. The second case of malignant lymphoma of lymph nodes did not respond to conventional combination chemotherapies and did not enter remission. Lung adenocarcinoma developed 1 year after the initial diagnosis. The two patients died of lung carcinoma. The clinical profiles of these cases are presented and the causal relationship of primary malignant neoplasms to the second malignant neoplasms is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bone
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8/665. Atypical presentation of vertebral bone metastasis from lung cancer.

    The authors describe a case of lung cancer in a 55-year-old man who complained of back pain. Initial isotopic bone scanning showed no abnormality, however, magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging revealed bone metastasis in thoracic vertebral bone. Even when there is no typical findings of metastasis in bone scintigraphy, MRI imaging would be useful if vertebral bone metastasis is suspected. MRI imaging is an important modality to evaluate extraosseous extension and marrow invasion of metastatic tumors.
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ranking = 9
keywords = bone
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9/665. paraneoplastic syndromes of leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, and hypercalcemia associated with squamous cell carcinoma.

    paraneoplastic syndromes including leukocytosis, thrombocytosis and hypercalcemia are occasionally seen in patients suffering from progressive malignant disorders. Recent studies have revealed the production of several humoral factors by tumor cells and normal splenic cells of tumor-bearing patients to be the major cause of these reactions. granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), parathyroid hormone-related peptide, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) have been implicated. We describe a 58-year-old Japanese man with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) on the left sole, which developed in a deep linear scar after a train crash. He developed pulmonary and lymph node metastases, then leukocytosis (57,110/mm3 with 95% neutrophilia), thrombocytosis (86.3 x 10(4)/mm3), and hypercalcemia (7.0 mEq/1), and finally cachexia, followed by death. serum G-CSF, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and TNF-beta were determined; revealing G-CSF and IL-1 beta levels were above the upper limits of their normal ranges at 39.2 pg/ml and 4.63 pg/ml, respectively. It is probable that these humoral factors were partially responsible for the paraneoplastic syndromes induced by the cutaneous SCC with metastasis in the present case.
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ranking = 3.5464227646435
keywords = macrophage
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10/665. Computed tomography guidance in bone marrow aspiration for diagnosis of marrow necrosis and metastasis.

    Bone marrow necrosis is most frequently diagnosed at postmortem examination. Antemortem diagnosis is still uncommon. We illustrate four cases where initial bedside attempts at needle aspiration and biopsy of primary and metastatic tumor tissue from the sternum were complicated by inadequate specimen retrieval secondary to marrow necrosis and/or tissue destruction by tumor. In these cases, CT guidance was useful in the precise localization of the bulk of the tissue mass and consequently the successful retrieval of adequate diagnostic specimens. We demonstrate CT guidance as an excellent and convenient alternative in circumstances where adequate marrow aspirations and biopsies are difficult and complicated.
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ranking = 4
keywords = bone
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