Cases reported "Lung Neoplasms"

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1/193. A case of a malignant melanoma with late metastases 16 years after the initial surgery.

    We report a case of a pulmonary metastasis 16 years after the initial surgery for a malignant melanoma. The patient was a 58-year-old Japanese man. In 1976, he had a pigmented skin lesion with a diameter of 8 mm on his right third finger. He received an amputation of the finger and a dissection of the right axillary. Histological examinations of the tumor revealed a feature of a malignant melanoma with infiltration of the papillary layers of the dermis, 1.5 mm in thickness. The histological subtype was considered to be an acral lentiginous melanoma with a mixed spindle-epithelioid cell pattern. There was no regional lymph node metastasis. In December 1992, when he was 74-years-old, a round tumor in the left lower lung was discovered by chest radiography. In February 1993, he received a left lower lobectomy of the lung. Histological examination revealed a feature of a malignant melanoma with predominantly epithelioid cells and this was considered to be a metastasis from the initial skin lesion. Five months after the lobectomy, he died from a hemorrhage of a metastatic brain tumor. This case indicated the importance of periodic, life-long follow-up in treating malignant melanomas.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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2/193. Cerebral metastasis presenting with altitudinal field defect.

    A 75-year-old man presented with a unilateral inferior altitudinal visual field defect and a history of weight loss and night sweats. The acuity in the affected eye was 20/200, otherwise his ocular examination was normal. neuroimaging demonstrated a post-fixed chiasm, with a frontal metastasis compressing the intracerebral portion of the optic nerve. A chest x-ray showed classical cannon ball lesions, secondary to malignant melanoma. This is the first case report of an intracerebral tumor producing an inferior altitudinal field defect.
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ranking = 0.11765494861831
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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3/193. Primitive sinonasal malignant mucosal melanoma: description of a case treated with radiotherapy (0-7-21 regimen).

    Mucosal malignant melanoma (MMM) of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is rare and has a poor prognosis. The rarity of MMM of the ethmoid is also noteworthy and primary treatment has been, till now, surgery and/or radiotherapy (RT). Here we report a case of MMM arising in the ethmoid of a caucasian man and treated with hypofractionated RT. A 32 year-old man presented with symptoms of cephalalgia, obstruction and nasal bleeding; a computed tomography (CT) showed a large mass that involved ethmoid, left orbit and roof of the nasal cavity. After biopsy, a MMM was found. Chest radiography demonstrated the presence of multiple lung metastases and still the patient was submitted to palliative radiotherapy according to 0-7-21 regimen with a total dose of 24Gy/3 fraction/21dd, dose per fraction 8Gy. The patient was asymptomatic one month after the end of RT and three months later a CT demonstrated a partial remission. The patient died 17 months after the initiation of RT for disseminated disease, without clinical signs of tumoral regrowth in the irradiated site. This case confirms the efficacy and the safety of 0-7-21 RT regimen; the absence of symptoms after 17 months and the poor prognosis encourage the use of RT as primary treatment for MMM of the head and neck.
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ranking = 0.35269659283231
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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4/193. Metastatic meningioma in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the lung: cytomorphologic finding.

    Pulmonary metastasis of intracranial meningioma is rare. We present the cytomorphologic features of such a tumor in a 71 yr-old woman who was found to have multiple lung nodules 13 years following the resection of an atypical intracranial meningioma. Cytomorphologic features were quite distinct and included hypercellularity with large syncytial groups of monomorphic cells with epithelioid morphologic features, often in perivascular arrangements. Occasional intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions as well as binucleated cells with wispy cytoplasmic extensions were also noted. Immunoperoxidase studies showed focal positivity for epithelial membrane antigen. The differential diagnosis includes primary or metastatic adenocarcinoma, malignant mesothelioma, and melanoma.
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ranking = 0.058760411053499
keywords = melanoma
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5/193. Small cell type malignant melanoma which developed in a 16-year-old female with a congenital dermal nevus and metastasized 12 years after excision.

    A case of malignant melanoma arising from a congenital dermal nevus on the right forehead of a 16-year-old female is presented. In the mole, small pigmented nevoid cells gathered around the skin appendages and between the collagen fibers. From the age of 17, a verrucous nevoid melanoma consisting of lymphoblast-like large nevoid cells, which were positive for HMB-45 and had a high Ki-67 index up to 18.7%, gradually increased in size. The melanoma cells vertically invaded the dermis to a depth of 3 mm and radially spread in the papillary dermis. Twelve years after undergoing a wide local resection and additional chemotherapy, metastatic lesions were found in the lung and the anterior mediastinum, which gradually increased in size and caused death a few months later. Metastatic melanoma cells were positive for HMB-45 and had a high Ki-67 index up to 33.7%. Most metastatic melanoma cells were positive for p53 while the primary ones were negative. Deteriorating mutations probably accumulated during the latent period.
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ranking = 0.82331638730556
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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6/193. xeroderma pigmentosum variant associated with multiple cancers.

    A 62-year-old Japanese man with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) variant is reported. The patient had developed at least 6 basal cell carcinomas, a squamous cell carcinoma, and a malignant melanoma on sun-exposed areas, and an atypical carcinoid on the right lung. In vivo phototesting showed a normal response. The minimal erythema dose of ultraviolet B (UVB) was not lowered and no delayed peaking of the erythema reaction was observed. His skin fibroblasts exhibited higher sensitivity to UV irradiation, but a normal level of unscheduled dna and rna synthesis. Cell fusions with XP group A, C, D, E, F, and G cells after UV irradiation were all complemented. Previous reports together with this case suggest that older XP variant patients have a high frequency of not only skin cancers, but also internal malignancies.
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ranking = 0.11765494861831
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/193. pancreaticoduodenectomy for metastatic tumors to the periampullary region.

    Although operative resection of metastatic lesions to the liver, lung, and brain has proved to be useful, only recently have there been a few reports of pancreaticoduodenectomies in selected cases of metastases to the periampullary region. In this report we present four cases of proven metastatic disease to the periampullary region in which the lesions were treated by pancreaticoduodenectomy. Metastatic tumors corresponded to a melanoma of unknown primary site, choriocarcinoma, high-grade liposarcoma of the leg, and a small cell cancer of the lung. All four patients survived the operation and had no major complications. Two patients died of recurrence of their tumors, 6 and 63 months, respectively, after operation; the other two patients are alive 21 and 12 months, respectively, after operation. It can be inferred from this small but documented experience, as well as a review of the literature, that pancreaticoduodenectomy for metastatic disease can be considered in selected patients, as long as this operation is performed by experienced surgeons who have achieved minimal or no morbidity and mortality with it.
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ranking = 0.058760411053499
keywords = melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/193. breast carcinoma diverging to aberrant melanocytic differentiation: a case report with histopathologic and loss of heterozygosity analyses.

    A case of primary breast cancer showing differentiation to malignant melanoma is reported. To obtain insight into the clonal relationship between the two components of the tumor, polymerase chain reaction-based microsatellite analysis to detect loss of heterozygosity on chromosome arms 1p, 1q, 3q, 4q, 6q, 8p, 9p, 10q, 11q, 13q, 16q, 17p, 17q, and 18q with microdissected tissues of both components was performed in addition to histologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural techniques. The tumor consisted of a combination of carcinoma and melanoma with morphologic transition. Metastases in the lymph nodes and thoracic spinal bone marrow showed dual tissue structure. One of the metastatic lung tumors showed melanomatous tissue structure. The abundant pigment in the cells was positive for Fontana-Masson staining and bleached with potassium permanganate. The carcinoma component was positive for epithelial membrane antigen and CA19-9, but the melanoma component was negative. Conversely, the melanoma component was positive for HMB45 and vimentin, but the carcinoma component was negative. Electron microscopic analysis showed premelanosomes and melanosomes in the melanoma component. Microsatellite analysis showed the same genetic alterations with loss of heterozygosity on chromosome arms 1p, 3q, 4q, 6q, 9p, 10q, 11q, 13q, 16q, 17p, and 17q in in situ, invasive, and metastatic foci. We concluded that the carcinoma and melanoma components had arisen from the same clone and that this breast carcinoma might have diverged to aberrant malignant melanoma through multiple genetic alterations in the early period of ductal carcinoma in situ.
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ranking = 0.58787236355762
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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9/193. Early detection of lymph node metastases by 7.5 MHz-ultrasound examination in a patient with primary malignant melanoma of the lung.

    Primary malignant melanoma of the lung (PMML) is a rare neoplasm that may be misdiagnosed as one of the more common types of lung cancer. Most cases are characterized by a very poor prognosis, ultimately leading to the patient's death. Since an optimal systemic treatment schedule is not established so far, early detection of lymph node metastases may be important for surgical interventions. We report on a 55-year-old male patient with a primary bronchial malignant melanoma of his left lower lobe that was treated by pneumonectomy. 11 and 17 months after removal of the PMML, suspicious lymph nodes in the patient's left axilla were identified by 7.5 MHz-ultrasound examinations. Again surgical treatment was performed and histopathology showed lymph node metastases of malignant melanoma. During adjuvant therapy with interferon alpha (3 x 6 Mio IE per week) no further relapse has been observed with a follow-up of 8 months after the last operation. An overview of primary melanoma of the lung is given and diagnostic options are discussed. The 7.5 MHz-ultrasound examination appears to be especially helpful in the early detection of lymph node metastases leading to early initiation of surgical treatment possibly associated with a prolonged survival in our patient.
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ranking = 0.88234505138169
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/193. Prepubertal malignant melanoma: report of three cases.

    Prepubertal malignant melanoma (MM) is an extremely rare tumor. In slovenia, 13 MM cases were registered between 1968 and 1996 by the Cancer Registry of slovenia. The diagnosis of MM was confirmed by histology in 3 children. In 3 other children the lesions initially diagnosed as MM were reclassified as Spitz nevus. In the remaining cases, the slides were not accessible for histological review, and the clinical course of disease corroborated the diagnosis of a benign nevus. In the present report, 3 of 13 cases with histologically confirmed prepubertal MM are described. The difficulties encountered in the diagnosis and management of this rare condition are discussed.
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ranking = 0.58827474309156
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)
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