Cases reported "Lung Neoplasms"

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1/397. Small cell lung cancer accompanied by lactic acidosis and syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.

    Lactic acidosis is a rare complication in lung cancer. We report a case of lung cancer accompanied by both syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) and lactic acidosis. A 70-year-old man was referred to our hospital for examination of a left hilar mass shadow on a chest x-ray film. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) was demonstrated by brushing the bronchial mucosa of the left lower lobe bronchus. His laboratory data showed SIADH and lactic acidosis that were probably due to SCLC. Fluid restriction improved SIADH, and combination chemotherapy for SCLC improved the lactic acidosis although the tumor size did not change.
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2/397. Intrathoracic suture abscess after lobectomy for early lung cancer.

    Intrathoracic suture abscess may occur around sutures on the pleura or in the lung parenchyma, although it is rare to encounter such cases clinically. We report on a 68-year-old woman with an intrathoracic (extrapulmonary) suture abscess, which was discovered on a chest x-ray film one year after right-middle lobectomy for early lung cancer. The abscess was removed surgically, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Pathological examination showed that it was caused by braided polyester sutures.
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3/397. Cerebral metastasis presenting with altitudinal field defect.

    A 75-year-old man presented with a unilateral inferior altitudinal visual field defect and a history of weight loss and night sweats. The acuity in the affected eye was 20/200, otherwise his ocular examination was normal. neuroimaging demonstrated a post-fixed chiasm, with a frontal metastasis compressing the intracerebral portion of the optic nerve. A chest x-ray showed classical cannon ball lesions, secondary to malignant melanoma. This is the first case report of an intracerebral tumor producing an inferior altitudinal field defect.
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4/397. Double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes: report of a case.

    A case of double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes is reported. A 73-year-old man with hemosputum was found to have a mass in his right lower lung field on a chest X-ray. Based on a diagnosis of lung cancer, a right middle and lower lobectomy with a dissection of the lymph nodes was performed. Microscopically, a well developed granulomatous reaction was seen in the dissected mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Three years after the pulmonary resection, he was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A diagnosis of lower esophageal cancer was made. A lower esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy was performed. A sarcoid-like reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells was seen in the regional lymph nodes. No clinical findings indicative of systemic sarcoidosis were observed. This rare condition may therefore help to improve our overall understanding of the relationship between malignant neoplasms and sarcoid-like reactions in the regional lymph nodes.
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5/397. Changing diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to the 'Ogilvie syndrome'.

    The only thing that has remained unchanged about the genuinely described 'Ogilvie syndrome' is its name. Recently it was considered to be an acute colonic pseudoobstruction, a clinical entity mimicking the mechanic ileus of the distal large intestine, without organic obstruction. It is almost always secondary to other diseases. Not all details of the pathogenesis are known, but it has become clear that the direct factor leading to the disturbance of the motility is a vegetative imbalance. X-ray findings are highly characteristic and critical in the planning of treatment. The danger for the patients is the progression of the state or the long duration of the process. Conservative treatment is suitable only for early cases, without complications. In case of failure non-invasive endoscopic or endoscopically assisted minimally invasive procedures may be mandatory. These methods have seen rapid advance in recent years. Uncertain diagnoses or complications call for open surgery. cecostomy is the solution of choice anyway. The mortality is high in this group of elderly polymorbid patients. Authors compare six of their cases with data collected from the literature.
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6/397. October 1998--61 year old male with brain tumor and oral, lung, and palpebral masses.

    In Jan. 97 a gliosarcoma was diagnosed in a 61-year- old man after a 6-month history with neurological deficits. A total physical examination, laboratory tests, chest x-ray and abdominal ultrasound scanning revealed no gross abnormalities. Surgery was followed by brain radiation therapy and 6 months later there were metastases to the oral cavity, right palpebra and both lungs. The histological findings of the oral and palpebral metastases revealed only the sarcomatous component. We are aware of 15 cases of gliosarcoma with extraneural metastases, and in 4 of these, the metastases contained only the sarcomatous component. We believe that our case represents the fifth case of pure sarcomatous metastases.
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7/397. Resection of triple synchronous cancers: a case report.

    We herein present a case of synchronous triple cancer, which was successfully resected in a curative manner. These cancers consisted of primary duodenal, pancreatic and lung cancers, which were diagnosed in an asymptomatic 74 year-old male, who was referred to our department on December 14, 1996. On admission, his laboratory data showed no abnormality, including tumor markers (CEA 1.0, CA 19-9 1.0, AFP 8.1 U/ml), but he did show an impaired pulmonary function (FEV1.0: 57%). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a smooth surfaced duodenal tumor measuring 4 cm in size. The second tumor was found at the head of the pancreas by computed tomography (CT), showing a hypervascular mass measuring 3.0 cm, along with neighboring multiple cysts. In endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), marked mucous secretion was observed through the papilla, while a filling defect was found in the dilated pancreatic duct. In a routine chest X-ray, a third tumor, which measured 1.5 cm in diameter, was recognized in the right upper lobe of the lung, and a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma was also detected by a percutaneous CT guided biopsy. The pancreatic and duodenal tumors were surgically resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy (Stage I) in January 1997 and, 5 months later, a lung tumor underwent partial resection (Stage I). This patient tolerated these surgical procedures well and presently leads a normal, healthy life after discharge. In summary, a successful resection of synchronous triple cancers, which has never been previously reported in this specific combination, is described.
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8/397. Primary cancer of the larynx associated with primary lung cancer. Report of 21 cases, 14 with autopsy findings and 7 biopsies.

    The present paper reports 21 cases (14 autopsies and 7 biopsies) of associated primary cancers of the larynx and the lung. This association is by no means uncommon, the laryngeal lesion being usually the first to appear. Mulitple primary cancers--of the same or of a different histologic type--tend to occur in the same organ or organ system, either simultaneously or after a time interval. In case of synchronous primary malignant tumour of the larynx and lung the most lethal cancer (the lung cancer) must be managed first. Cancer patients are more likely than other individuals to develop a second primary malignant tumour. Laryngectomized patients should be followed-up possibly by means of cytologic examinations of bronchial secretions and chest x-rays at short intervals for early detection of a possible second primary malignant pulmonary lesion.
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9/397. Primary giant cell malignant fibrous histocytoma of the lung: a case report.

    A rare case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of giant cell type originating in the lung of a 46-year-old woman is presented. The patient complained of having a cough that had lasted for a few weeks. A chest X-ray photograph showed a tumor shadow on the left lung. Histological and cytological examination of the biopsy specimen revealed that the tumor was a kind of sarcoma. An operative procedure was selected because of tumor invasion into the trunk of the left pulmonary artery, which was discovered on computed tomography examination, and because metastatic tumor was excluded clinically. The tumor was almost encapsulated and 6 x 6 x 6 cm in size; however, it also showed invasion into the pulmonary artery and bronchial lumen. A histological survey of the tumor showed a wide range of patterns such as fibrous, pleomorphic, fascicular and osteoclast-like giant cell figures; however, the osteoclast-like giant cell area was predominant. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, CD68 for histiocytic marker and alpha1-antichymotrypsin, and negative for keratin, epithelial membrane antigen, S-100 protein, MT-1, desmin, myoglobin and lysosome. No primary tumor was found clinically in any part of the patient's body at 2 and 4 months after operation. Consequently, she was diagnosed as having primary giant cell malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung.
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10/397. Metastatic endometrial stromal sarcoma masquerading as pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

    A 39 year old female presented with bilateral pneumothoraces and interstitial shadowing on chest x ray. A diagnosis of lymphangioleiomyomatosis was made following an open lung biopsy. Over the next eight years she developed respiratory failure leading to single lung transplantation but she died in the immediate postoperative period. Necropsy examination and review of the previous open lung biopsy revealed multiple pulmonary metastases from a low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma of the uterus. This case high-lights the importance of an accurate diagnosis before transplantation.
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