Cases reported "Lung Neoplasms"

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11/1048. leiomyosarcoma of the heart and its pulmonary metastasis, both with prominent osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells expressing tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity.

    An autopsy case of cardiac leiomyosarcoma and its pulmonary metastasis, both with osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells (OMGC) mimicking the so-called giant cell variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), is reported. The patient, a 70-year-old male, was admitted for sudden dyspnea. Extensive work-up established only a left atrial tumor mass. Three months after admission, the patient developed multiple intracranial and pulmonary metastases, followed by a worsening clinical course characterized by semicoma and dyspnea, and subsequently died 6 months after the onset of his symptoms. At subsequent autopsy, the left atrial polypoid tumor was found to have invaded destructively to the left half of the cardiac wall. histology of the cardiac tumor revealed a bimorphic sarcoma in which a poorly differentiated leiomyosarcoma comfirmed by histologic and immunohistochemical findings was juxtaposed to a small nodule with features closely mimicking giant cell MFH. The pulmonary metastatic nodules exhibited features that were entirely indistinguishable from giant cell MFH except for the fact that a minority of polymorphic cells manifested myogenic differentiation. We believe that such a MFH-like pattern represents a pleomorphic form of leiomyosarcoma rather than a dedifferentiated one. The OMGC within the MFH-like component coexpressed CD68 and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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12/1048. Operative strategies for resection of pulmonary sarcomas extending into the left atrium.

    Pulmonary sarcomas may extend into the left atrium through the pulmonary veins, requiring the use of cardiopulmonary bypass for resection. The operative strategy for these complicated resections must account for the laterality of the tumor, the extent of atrial involvement, the severity of local invasion within the hemithorax, and intrinsic surgical heart disease, if present. We discuss these issues using an illustrative case of a patient with a right pulmonary sarcoma extending from the lateral chest wall into the left atrium.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = sarcoma
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13/1048. Multiple pulmonary leiomyomatous hamartoma with secondary ossification.

    A 31-year-old woman presented with multiple pulmonary leiomyomatous hamartoma (MPLH) with secondary ossification. She had a past history of parosteal osteosarcoma. The pulmonary lesions were composed of spindle-shaped cells arranged in interlacing fascicles, among which glands or duct-like spaces were scattered. As some lesions contained bony tissues, it was unclear whether or not the pulmonary lesions were metastases of parosteal osteosarcoma. However, the majority of spindle-shaped cells were positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin, including cells proliferating around the bony tissues. Clonality analysis using a target of human androgen receptor (HUMARA) gene disclosed that the pulmonary nodules were polyclonal. These findings do not indicate that the lesions were metastatic. We would like to emphasize that MPLH can show osseous metaplasia.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = sarcoma
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14/1048. A case of synchronous double primary lung cancer with neuroendocrine features.

    We report a case of unique double primary lung cancers with neuroendocrine features in a 63-year-old male smoker. The mass in the left lower lobe (LLL) was a small cell/large cell carcinoma with spindle cell sarcomatous areas and organoid structure. The mass in the left upper lobe (LUL) was a tubular adenocarcinoma with neuroendocrine features including organoid nests showing occasional rosette formation, nuclear palisading in the periphery of the nests and positive immunoreaction for CD56, chromogranin a and synaptophysin. The difference in histological structures between the two masses led us to diagnose double primary lung cancer. The combination of small cell lung carcinoma and spindle cell carcinoma is very uncommon. The relationship between LLL and LUL tumors remains unclear. Multiple lung cancers with neuroendocrine features have only rarely been reported in the literature. The patient in our case died of widespread cancer 2 years and 4 months after the surgery without adjuvant chemotherapy, a longer postoperative survival time than in cases of ordinary extensive small cell lung cancer. Multiple lung cancers with neuroendocrine features are extremely rare and similar cases have not been reported in the literature. Neuroendocrine differentiation has attracted widespread attention and, therefore, examining neuroendocrine features in lung cancers is important.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = sarcoma
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15/1048. Pulmonary fibrosarcoma in childhood: fiber-optic bronchoscopic diagnosis and review of the literature.

    Primary pulmonary fibrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor in childhood. In the absence of metastases, complete resection is curative. An 8-year-old boy suffered from unresolving pneumonia due to an obstructing lesion in the left main bronchus. Cytology of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and histology of bronchial biopsy revealed the diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosarcoma. The tumor did not respond to chemotherapy, and a total lobectomy with sleeve resection was performed with complete removal of the neoplasm. Two years after the operation the child has no evidence of disease.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = sarcoma
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16/1048. Fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy in the diagnosis of alveolar soft part sarcoma presenting with lung metastases. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma is a rare soft tissue tumor of uncertain origin usually affecting young adults. This neoplasm has early metastatic potential. Its cytologic features, particularly when presenting with metastases, have rarely been described. CASE: A 23-year-old male presented with shortness of breath and scapular pain. Routine chest roentgenograms revealed multiple lung nodules. Malignancy was established by percutaneous fluoroscopically guided fine needle aspiration on a lung nodule. Possible metastatic alveolar soft part sarcoma was suggested by cytology among few considerations in the differential diagnosis. Alveolar soft part sarcoma was confirmed by lung core biopsy and further supported by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Tumor cells expressed muscle-specific actin and myoglobin, and contained diastase-resistant inclusions with periodic acid-Schiff stain. Ultrastructurally, peculiar, elongated intracytoplasmic crystalline bodies typical of this neoplasm were identified. A meticulous clinical search led to finding the primary tumor deeply located in the right posterior thigh. CONCLUSION: Aspiration cytology is a reliable, cost-efficient technique in the diagnostic workup of masses suspicious for malignancy.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = sarcoma
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17/1048. Primary pure intratesticular fibrosarcoma.

    Testicular sarcoma appears to be a rare stromal tumor usually of indolent course with potential for distant metastases. A pure primary intratesticular fibrosarcoma in a 71-year-old male is presented. By the time the tumor became evident metastases had already occurred widely. The course was rapidly fatal. A review of the literature yielded only one case reported previously. The present case illustrates that pure fibrosarcoma occurs occasionally as a stromal tumor and may be associated with a dismal prognosis. The diagnosis of pure fibrosarcoma should be made only after extensive sampling of the testicular tumor to rule out an associated germ cell component. The differential diagnosis also includes the fibroma of gonadal stroma origin and the unclassified sex cord-stromal tumor with a predominance of spindle cells.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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18/1048. Pleuropulmonary blastoma in an adult: an initial case report.

    BACKGROUND: Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a unique dysontogenetic neoplasm of childhood. Its primitive, sarcomatous features are analogous to those of other dysembryonic or dysontogenetic tumors, such as wilms tumor, hepatoblastoma, neuroblastoma, and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. PPB typically presents in young children, most younger than 5 years, as a pulmonary and/or pleural-based tumor with cystic, solid, or combined cystic and solid features. These neoplasms are characterized histologically by primitive mesenchymal or a mixture of primitive and sarcomatous components and generally have an unfavorable clinical outcome: death occurs within 1-2 years after diagnosis. methods: Clinicopathologic and radiographic findings of a man age 36 years with a cystic and solid mass in the left hemithorax were reviewed and compared with previously studied cases of PPB. RESULTS: Pathologic examination of the mass revealed a cystic and solid neoplasm composed of malignant mesenchymal cells that were immunoreactive for vimentin and muscle specific actin and focally for desmin. The architectural and cytologic appearances as well as the immunohistochemical profile were those of type II PPB. CONCLUSIONS: To the authors' knowledge, all previously reported cases of PPB occurred in children age 12 years or younger. They believe that this case represents the first occurrence of PPB in an adult and documents the finding that, although it is uncommon, adults can develop primitive neoplasms that are usually associated with the pediatric population. In addition, the clinicopathologic features observed in the authors' adult patient were consistent with their experience with this tumor type in children. The patient died less than 1 year after diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.375
keywords = sarcoma
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19/1048. Combined surgical approach for sarcoma lung metastasis with atrial involvement.

    A 20-year-old patient, who had been treated for a femur sarcoma with pulmonary metastases 8 years before, arrived at our institution with a new metastatic hilar lung nodule. During the standard lobectomy procedure an unexpected atrial invasion by the tumor was discovered. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed a big pediculated tumor in the atrium. cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was required in order to safely resect the atrial wall with the tumor. The atrial defect was repaired with a pericardial patch. Postoperative course was uneventful. After 14 months, the patient is asymptomatic and free of disease.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = sarcoma
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20/1048. Primary giant cell malignant fibrous histocytoma of the lung: a case report.

    A rare case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of giant cell type originating in the lung of a 46-year-old woman is presented. The patient complained of having a cough that had lasted for a few weeks. A chest X-ray photograph showed a tumor shadow on the left lung. Histological and cytological examination of the biopsy specimen revealed that the tumor was a kind of sarcoma. An operative procedure was selected because of tumor invasion into the trunk of the left pulmonary artery, which was discovered on computed tomography examination, and because metastatic tumor was excluded clinically. The tumor was almost encapsulated and 6 x 6 x 6 cm in size; however, it also showed invasion into the pulmonary artery and bronchial lumen. A histological survey of the tumor showed a wide range of patterns such as fibrous, pleomorphic, fascicular and osteoclast-like giant cell figures; however, the osteoclast-like giant cell area was predominant. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, CD68 for histiocytic marker and alpha1-antichymotrypsin, and negative for keratin, epithelial membrane antigen, S-100 protein, MT-1, desmin, myoglobin and lysosome. No primary tumor was found clinically in any part of the patient's body at 2 and 4 months after operation. Consequently, she was diagnosed as having primary giant cell malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the lung.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = sarcoma
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