Cases reported "Lyme Disease"

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11/162. Lyme borreliosis as a cause of facial palsy during pregnancy.

    The medical history of a pregnant woman in whom the initial pattern of complaints suggested hyperemesis gravidarum is described. After about 18 days the patient developed left facial palsy. Repeated tests eventually confirmed the diagnosis of neuroborreliosis. The problems concerning diagnostics, therapy and the possible complications of Lyme borreliosis during gestation are described.
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keywords = borreliosis
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12/162. Lyme arthritis in a 12-year-old patient after a latency period of 5 years.

    Lyme arthritis (LA) may be confused with other rheumatic diseases, particularly in the absence of a history of erythema migrans (EM). We report the case of a 12-year-old patient who developed a large effusion of the right knee joint. The titer for antinuclear antibodies was 1:80 and the test for rheumatoid factor was negative. Investigations for antibody response to borrelia burgdorferi demonstrated remarkable elevation of IgG antibody and no specific IgM response.These results were confirmed by immunoblotting reactivity with the bands p83/100, p58, p43, p41, p39, OspA, p30, OspC, p21, and p17. We subsequently learned that the child had suffered a tick bite followed by an EM 5 years earlier and had been treated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole at that time. The patient now was given intravenous ceftriaxone, 2 g daily for 14 days. In the absence of clinical improvement 3 weeks later a knee joint aspiration was performed which resulted in a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for B. burgdorferi dna (OspA) in the synovial fluid.The patient fully recovered 2 months later without further treatment. The case indicates that the latency period between EM and onset of LA may last up to 5 years. In addition to serologic test methods, analysis of synovial fluid using PCR may be decisive for making the final diagnosis of LA.
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ranking = 0.49167283925806
keywords = lyme
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13/162. Possible relationship between degenerative cardiac valvular pathology and lyme disease.

    We report an unusual clinical presentation of Lyme carditis in a previously healthy 20-year-old black woman without any epidemiologic history of lyme disease, fulminant in nature, involving a heart valve necessitating emergent mitral valve replacement, and requiring further surgical intervention because of the development of pericardial effusion and tamponade. A dilated right ventricle with normal contractility and severe tricuspid regurgitation with increase in the right atrial size diagnosed later remains under close surveillance.
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ranking = 4.7693028504809
keywords = lyme disease, lyme
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14/162. borrelia burgdorferi-associated cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma: a clinicopathological study of two cases illustrating the temporal progression of B. burgdorferi-associated B-cell proliferation in the skin.

    AIMS: A relationship between borrelia burgdorferi and primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (PCBCL) has recently been confirmed following demonstration of the organism in lesional skin of patients with PCBCL. We report herein two cases of B. burgdorferi-associated PCBCL which strengthen this association by demonstrating the organism in cutaneous B-cell infiltrates present at sites in which PCBCL subsequently developed. methods AND RESULTS: All studies were performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues. These were examined by routine light microscopy and immunohistochemically by a standard streptavidin-biotin-complex technique. Genotypic studies were also undertaken using semi-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement, and nested PCR for B. burgdorferi flagellin gene. Both patients presented with erythematous skin lesions, biopsy of which showed dense perivascular infiltrates comprising small t-lymphocytes and collections of B-blasts. Primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) developed subsequently in both cases at the same site. PCR for B. burgdorferi flagellin gene was positive in the perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates and the succeeding lymphomas in both patients. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that, at least in some instances, PCBCL arises from chronically stimulated lymphoid tissue acquired in the skin in response to B. burgdorferi infection. This may have significant therapeutic implications and warrant further studies on the extent of this association.
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ranking = 0.49167283925806
keywords = lyme
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15/162. Borrelia infection as a cause of carditis (a long-term study).

    BACKGROUND: Although the frequency of Lyme carditis is not high, it is one of the most challenging conditions in terms of diagnosis. No long-term studies that would help expand our body of knowledge concerning the circumstances of its development and the natural course of this form of Lyme borreliosis (LB), the most widespread anthropozoonosis in Central europe, have been reported to date. AIM: The authors sought to describe and assess the consequences of a less common form of Lyme carditis (LC). An assessment of the following aspects was made: a) the forms, natural history and sequelae of the less common clinical appearances of LC, b) the role of antibiotic therapy with reference to the late manifestations of LB. methods: Three patients were selected from a group of 60 consecutive patients with demonstrated LC during a follow-up period from 1987 to 2000. Patient no. 1 was being followed for myocarditis with frequent ventricular extrasystoles, patient no. 2 for pericarditis, and patient no. 3 for dilated cardiomyopathy as a late manifestation of LB. In addition to routine examination at entry, the patients were subjected to a standard 12-lead ECG, continuous 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring, exercise testing (bicycle ergometry), investigations of antibodies using ELISA and Western blot, investigation of thyroid (T3, T4, TSH tests) and mineral levels. RESULTS: The study showed no significant correlation between the clinical course and levels of specific antibodies. It confirmed the concept that inadequate or no therapy with antibiotics in the initial stage of the disease has a significant effect on the development of late sequelae. CONCLUSION: Based on the long-term treatment of three patients with less common, yet clinically urgent findings, the authors conclude that even a relatively serious clinical course is associated with no major limitations for affected individuals after an interval of several years.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = borreliosis
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16/162. paraneoplastic polyneuropathy preceding the diagnosis of Hodgkin's disease and non-small cell lung cancer in a patient with concomitant borrelia burgdorferi infection.

    A patient with painful peripheral neuropathy is presented, whose symptoms were thought to result from an infection with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. Investigations of the cerebrospinal fluid for signs of inflammation and borrelial antibodies were negative, and the patient did not benefit from repeated antibiotic treatment. Electrophysiologic studies and sural nerve biopsy showed axonal neuropathy consistent with a paraneoplastic syndrome. Further workup revealed mediastinal Hodgkin's disease (HD; nodular sclerosing subtype) Ann Arbor stage II and non-small cell cancer of the lung (stage T1N0M0). Surgical resection of the lung cancer and combined chemo- and radiotherapy for HD resulted in complete remission of both malignancies. While the preexisting neurologic symptoms persisted during treatment, neurography showed some improvement of the distal nerves. During radiation therapy the patient developed transient left-sided brachial plexopathy. This case illustrates that the diagnosis of borreliosis in patients with isolated painful peripheral neuritis cannot be based solely upon positive IgG titers and supports the requirement for a thorough workup for an underlying--potentially curable--disease. In addition, singular pulmonary lesions in the setting of HD should be suspected to have a separate cause.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = borreliosis
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17/162. Chronic borreliosis presenting with morphea- and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus-like cutaneous lesions. a case report.

    We report on a case of chronic cutaneous borreliosis with manifestations clinically compatible with morphea and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus. The histopathologic features of these lesions were those of acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans. Our case illustrates the concept that clinical aspects of morphea and lichen sclerosus et atrophicus pertain to the spectrum of cutaneous borreliosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = borreliosis
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18/162. An unusual case of bilaterally symmetrical neuropathic osteoarthropathy of the midfoot as a result of lyme disease-induced peripheral neuropathy: a case report.

    The first known report of a patient with lyme disease-induced peripheral neuropathy resulting in bilaterally symmetrical "Charcot" changes of the midfoot is reported. An extensive review of the literature failed to produce any known cases of neuropathic osteoarthropathy that would be linked directly or indirectly with lyme disease-induced peripheral neuropathy. The relationship between lyme disease, the secondary neurologic manifestations caused by the infection, and neuropathic osteoarthropathy are discussed.
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ranking = 4.7693028504809
keywords = lyme disease, lyme
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19/162. acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans affecting all four limbs in an 11-year-old girl.

    borrelia burgdorferi is a major cause of morbidity in wooded area in western europe and the eastern seaboard of the U.S.A. diagnosis of late stage infection and associated disorders may be difficult and often requires an array of different diagnostic procedures. Here we report an 11-year-old girl with acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans affecting all four limbs and parts of the trunk. The diagnosis was made on the basis of clinical appearance, serological and histopathological findings, and the lesional detection of B. burgdorferi-specific gene segments by polymerase chain reaction. This very unusual, severe case illustrates that despite being a late manifestation of tick-borne B.burgdorferi infection, usually occurring in adults, acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans may already appear at a young age and may be characterized by extensive skin involvement.
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ranking = 0.49167283925806
keywords = lyme
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20/162. Nodular fasciitis, erythema migrans, and oligoarthritis: manifestations of Lyme borreliosis caused by Borrelia afzelii.

    We describe a 35-year old patient with nodular fasciitis, erythema migrans, and gonarthritis four months after a bite of a Borrelia afzelii infected tick. The Borrelia afzelii infection was identified by a polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing of the amplification product. Borrelia-specific dna was also detectable in nodular fasciitis tissue. We therefore conclude that Borrelia afzelii can be a causative agent of nodular fasciitis and Lyme arthritis in a highly endemic region of Northern germany.
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ranking = 1.1583395059247
keywords = lyme, borreliosis
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