Cases reported "lyme disease"

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11/391. Living with lyme disease.

    The occurrence of lyme disease is rising steadily in the united states. The majority of health care providers are unfamiliar with this complex syndrome. nurses lack accurate clinical information to provide comprehensive nursing care to these patients. The progression of lyme disease is addressed through three stages. Untreated or poorly managed, lyme disease may become a chronic, debilitating illness. The author's personal story is interwoven and serves to highlight the pathophysiology of the disease and the emotional and physical costs to the patient. ( info)

12/391. The outcome of Lyme borreliosis in children.

    austria is an endemic area for Lyme borreliosis. The IgG seroprevalence of healthy blood donors as investigated by a DAKO flagellum-ELISA in Graz/Styria is 13%. In order to determine whether this high seroprevalence is caused by infection in childhood, 36 children aged 3 to 18 years (mean, 10.1 years) were followed up over 2 to 20 months (mean, 11.1 months) and reinvestigated for clinical symptoms and antibodies against B. burgdorferi by a commercial flagellum ELISA and a commercial B. garinii Western blot (WB). Twenty-seven children had erythema migrans (EM), one of them with reinfection, 5 had borrelia lymphocytoma (BL), 2 EM and BL, 1 acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans and 1 ACA/circumscribed scleroderma. Before treatment with either phenoxymethylpenicillin, amoxicillin, or minocyclin for 3-4 weeks, 64% of the patients were IgM and 44%, IgG seropositive. Clinically, all but 5 patients with EM recovered from Lyme borreliosis. Among these 5 patients--one of them with reinfection of EM--3 had mild arthralgia, 1 recurrent headache and 1 concentration disturbance. Only 2 children with arthralgia were IgM positive by ELISA and WB. One of 5 BL patients had a persistent swelling of the ear lobe although with a negative serology before and after several antibiotic treatments and at follow up. In 16 children serological investigations were performed after more than 12 months (range, 13-20 months). Eighteen percent of them had IgM antibodies by ELISA, 25% by WB, and 6% IgG antibodies by ELISA and 6% by WB. Although there was a decline of antibody response from 64% to 18% for IgM and from 44% to 6% for IgG as measured by ELISA, children remain seropositive for more than 1 year with or without clinical symptoms. The relevance of the association with clinical symptoms can be raised by combining several diagnostic methods. It is assumed that recurrent, often silent, infections might increase antibody titres. It should be noted that antibody titres also generally increase with the age of individuals. ( info)

13/391. borrelia burgdorferi as a cause of Morgagni-adams-stokes syndrome. Long time follow-up study.

    According the literature atrio-ventricular blockade (AVB) is the most frequent and well-known symptom of Lyme carditis. Typical signs of complete AVB include fatigue, lethargy and syncope- Morgagni-adams-stokes syndrome (MAS). The authors present their results and experience with 5 patients selected from a long-term study (conducted between 1987 and 1998) comprising 58 patients who developed MAS. The authors tried to evaluate the changes especially in the cardiovascular system. They correlated the clinical state with ECG findings, as well as with the levels of the borrelia burgdorferi antibodies. The following results were obtained: 1) all patients had typical syncope, 2) the clinical course was not complicated (except one patient who developed ventricular fibrillation), 3) two patients had frequent symptomatic and asymptomatic arrhythmia including chest pain and episodic rest dyspnea, 4) subjective difficulties (usually palpitations) correlated with ECG findings (Lown 3a, 3b). The authors also looked for any relationship between clinical difficulties and levels of antibodies. The results obtained with an early permanent pacemaker were less favourable than those reported in the literature. Despite early treatment 2 patients had repeated palpitations and ECG correlates during the next years. ( info)

14/391. Eradication of borrelia burgdorferi infection in primary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the skin.

    Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas have been associated with borrelia burgdorferi, the spirochete responsible for lyme disease. Recently, cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma has been proposed as a distinct clinical-pathological entity. We report a case of primary cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma, associated with B burgdorferi infection. polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the third complementarity determining region (CDR3) of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene showed the presence of a monoclonal lymphoproliferation, therefore strengthening the histological diagnosis of a malignant process. B burgdorfer-specific hbb gene sequences were detected by PCR in the lymphoma tissue at diagnosis but not after antibiotic treatment. A nearly complete clinical and histological regression was observed after B burgdorferi eradication, with immunohistochemistry studies showing disappearance of plasma cell differentiation and a marked decline in the number of CD3 T cells and Ki-67 cells. Our case confirms the link between B burgdorferi and some cutaneous lymphomas. The disappearance of the microorganism accompanied by the unequivocal decrease of most indicators of active T- and B-cell immune response strongly supported a pathogenetic role for B burgdorferi in sustaining an antigen-driven development and growth of this cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma. Antibiotic therapy (analogous to helicobacter pylori infection in gastric MALT lymphoma) might be helpful with the aim of averting or at least deferring the indication for more aggressive treatment. ( info)

15/391. The expanding clinical spectrum of ocular lyme borreliosis.

    OBJECTIVE: To delineate the clinical manifestations of ocular Lyme borreliosis, while concentrating on new symptoms and findings and the phase of appearance of ophthalmologic disorders. DESIGN: Observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Ten patients with Lyme borreliosis-associated ophthalmologic findings previously reported from the Helsinki University Central Hospital in addition to 10 new cases that have since been diagnosed. INTERVENTION/TESTING: The patients underwent medical and ophthalmologic evaluation. The diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis was based on medical history, clinical ocular and systemic findings, determinations of antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblot analysis, the detection of dna of B. burgdorferi by polymerase chain reaction, and exclusion of other infectious and inflammatory causes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ocular complaints, presenting ophthalmologic findings, and the stage of Lyme borreliosis were recorded. RESULTS: Four patients presented with a neuro-ophthalmologic disorder, five had external ocular inflammation, 10 patients had uveitis, and one had branch retinal vein occlusion. One patient developed episcleritis and one patient developed abducens palsy within 2 months of the infection incident. In the remaining 14 patients in whom the time of infection was traced, the ocular manifestations appeared in the late stage of Lyme borreliosis. Two patients with a neuro-ophthalmologic disorder and one with external ocular inflammation experienced severe photophobia, whereas the main reported symptom of the patients with uveitis was decreased visual acuity. Four patients with external ocular disease and one with a neuro-ophthalmologic disorder experienced severe periodic ocular or facial pain. retinal vasculitis developed in seven patients with uveitis. CONCLUSIONS: Lyme borreliosis can cause a variety of ocular manifestations, which develop mainly in the late stage of the disease. photophobia and severe periodic ocular pain can be characteristic symptoms of Lyme borreliosis. In the differential diagnosis of retinal vasculitis, Lyme borreliosis should be taken into account, especially in endemic areas. ( info)

16/391. Neuroborreliosis and isolated trochlear palsy.

    We report here for the first time a child with isolated trochlear palsy and neuroborreliosis. IgG and IgM antibodies against borrelia burgdorferi were highly positive in serum and cerebrospinal fluid respectively. The symptoms resolved completely after initiation of antibiotic treatment with ceftriaxone. ( info)

17/391. Lyme borreliosis as a cause of facial palsy during pregnancy.

    The medical history of a pregnant woman in whom the initial pattern of complaints suggested hyperemesis gravidarum is described. After about 18 days the patient developed left facial palsy. Repeated tests eventually confirmed the diagnosis of neuroborreliosis. The problems concerning diagnostics, therapy and the possible complications of Lyme borreliosis during gestation are described. ( info)

18/391. Lyme arthritis in a 12-year-old patient after a latency period of 5 years.

    Lyme arthritis (LA) may be confused with other rheumatic diseases, particularly in the absence of a history of erythema migrans (EM). We report the case of a 12-year-old patient who developed a large effusion of the right knee joint. The titer for antinuclear antibodies was 1:80 and the test for rheumatoid factor was negative. Investigations for antibody response to borrelia burgdorferi demonstrated remarkable elevation of IgG antibody and no specific IgM response.These results were confirmed by immunoblotting reactivity with the bands p83/100, p58, p43, p41, p39, OspA, p30, OspC, p21, and p17. We subsequently learned that the child had suffered a tick bite followed by an EM 5 years earlier and had been treated with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole at that time. The patient now was given intravenous ceftriaxone, 2 g daily for 14 days. In the absence of clinical improvement 3 weeks later a knee joint aspiration was performed which resulted in a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for B. burgdorferi dna (OspA) in the synovial fluid.The patient fully recovered 2 months later without further treatment. The case indicates that the latency period between EM and onset of LA may last up to 5 years. In addition to serologic test methods, analysis of synovial fluid using PCR may be decisive for making the final diagnosis of LA. ( info)

19/391. Possible relationship between degenerative cardiac valvular pathology and lyme disease.

    We report an unusual clinical presentation of Lyme carditis in a previously healthy 20-year-old black woman without any epidemiologic history of lyme disease, fulminant in nature, involving a heart valve necessitating emergent mitral valve replacement, and requiring further surgical intervention because of the development of pericardial effusion and tamponade. A dilated right ventricle with normal contractility and severe tricuspid regurgitation with increase in the right atrial size diagnosed later remains under close surveillance. ( info)

20/391. Isolated neuritis of the sciatic nerve in a case of lyme disease.

    lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the spirochete borrelia burgdorferi. The course of the disease is divided into three stages, the second of which may include various types of peripheral nervous system disturbances. We report the case of a patient with persistent deficits caused by the prevalent involvement of the sciatic nerve, confirmed by electrophysiological and neuropathological findings. The most significant bioptic results were axonal degeneration and perivascular inflammation. Damage to a single peripheral nerve as the dominant clinical expression during the course of lyme disease is an unusual finding that has been rarely described in the literature. ( info)
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