Cases reported "Lymphangioma, Cystic"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/52. Midline posterior cervical cystic hygroma.

    Cystic hygromas are among the most common congenital neck masses. They have a predilection for the left posterior triangle and manifest early in life. Although various locations of cystic hygromas are found in the literature, we believe our case of a 9-month-old girl represents the first reported occurrence of a posterior cervical midline cystic hygroma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/52. prenatal diagnosis of dyssegmental dysplasia. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Since the first use of sonography, most fetal dwarfism has been detectable prenatally. The correct differentiation of the subtype of dwarfism is difficult at times. Dyssegmental dysplasia is probably an exception to these subtypes because the vertebral disorganization and occipital encephalocele at times permits prenatal diagnosis. CASE: A 34-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 1, elective abortion 1 for dwarfism, was referred at 27 weeks' gestation for cystic hygroma. Further sonographic findings included: cystic hygroma with massive ascites, micromelia, occipital encephalocele, spinal disorganization and hydramnios. The fetus and both parents appeared to have a normal karyotype. Later the pregnancy was terminated with vaginal delivery. The fetus had micromelia, camptomelia, cystic hygroma, a flat face, short neck, short trunk, narrow thorax with protuberant abdomen, scoliosis and clubfeet. CONCLUSION: Sonography is effective in prenatal diagnosis of dyssegmental dysplasia. With sonography, diagnosis of dyssegmental dysplasia becomes possible as early as the first trimester.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/52. Disseminated cystic lymphangiomatosis presenting with acute abdomen: report of a case and review of the literature.

    lymphangioma is an uncommon tumor. Lymphangiomatosis, a benign tumor consisting of a cluster of dilated lymphatic channels, is very unusual. Most lymphangiomatoses are found in the neck and head area. Less than 5% are diagnosed intraabdominally and they are very infrequently encountered in the retroperitoneal area. Herein, we report a rare case of a 32 year-old woman who had disseminated intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomatosis, which presented as acute abdomen. She received exploratory laparotomy due to the suspicion of malignancy, which was finally confirmed as cystic lymphangiomatosis. The clinical manifestations, imaging features, and management of this patient are discussed and compared with previous literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/52. A huge cystic hygroma of the neck associated with intraventricular haemorrhage in a term neonate.

    We report on a female term neonate who presented with a huge cystic hygroma of the right neck associated with intraventricular haemorrhage as demonstrated by computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies. She underwent extraventricular drainage and excision of the neck mass with stable postoperative condition. Psychomotor retardation was found thereafter. To our knowledge, the association of a large cystic hygroma of the neck with intracranial haemorrhage has not been reported previously. The possible mechanism of the occurrence of the haemorrhage is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/52. Echo-enhancing sonography of a large-vessel hemangioma of the neck.

    Because of the slow flow in the venous spaces of large-vessel hemangiomas, demonstration of color flow signals with conventional color Doppler or power Doppler sonography may be difficult. We report the case of a 22-year-old female patient with a soft tissue tumor containing multiple fluid-filled spaces in the right supraclavicular region. Gray-scale, color, and power Doppler sonography could not differentiate between cystic lymphangioma and large-vessel hemangioma. The intravenous echo-enhancing contrast agent Levovist was administered, and a significant echo-enhancing effect on color and power Doppler imaging was demonstrated in the fluid-filled spaces and lasted for about 3 minutes. Histopathologic study of the excised tumor confirmed the sonographic diagnosis of hemangioma. Levovist appears useful in depicting slow flow in a large-vessel hemangioma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/52. noonan syndrome presented with cystic hygroma and chylothorax: case report.

    A cystic hygroma was found in a full-term (39 week-old) male newborn delivered by cesarian section. polyhydramnios was diagnosed by sonography at 21 weeks of gestation. Clinical manifestations at birth, such as respiratory distress, tachypnea and chylothorax were successfully relieved by the insertion of chest tube and medical therapy. Other conditions, which included mild hydronephrosis of left kidney, thickening of aortic and pulmonary valves with mild mitral and tricuspid valves regurgitation, subsided within six months. The cystic hygroma regressed to a webbed neck. In general, the features and clinical manifestations of the present case resembled the criteria of noonan syndrome including various congenital heart defects; webbed neck; chest deformity; a characteristic facial appearance comprising of a broad forehead, ocular hypertelorism, antimongoloid slant of palpebral fissures, low set ears; and bilateral undescended testis etc., suggested by Noonan and other subsequent authors. The outcome of this infant was satisfactory following medical and surgical therapy (chest tube, orchiopexy) and a special dietary regimen.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/52. Congenital lung cyst.

    This case report describes a congenital lung cyst presenting as a brilliantly transilluminant mass in the left supraclavicular region. Clinically, it was mistakenly thought to be a cervical cystic hygroma with intrathoracic extension. X-ray and CT scan of the neck and chest confirmed the diagnosis. The lung cyst was treated by surgical excision with excellent results.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/52. Cystic hygroma of the skull base.

    Cystic hygroma is a benign developmental tumor formed by lymph vessels that occurs in 1 of 12000 individuals and presents most frequently in the head and neck. It is often difficult to manage because the tumor frequently envelopes nearby vital structures. Lesions that extend significantly above the hyoid are especially difficult to excise because of the complexity of achieving a complete excision. This article describes a series of 3 cases of cystic hygroma that presented in the head and neck and, on further investigation, were found to also involve the skull base. This anatomic location is exceedingly rare, and these 3 cases represent new and difficult challenges not previously discussed in the literature, to our knowledge.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/52. Protein-loss into retroperitoneal lymphangioma: demonstration by lymphoscintigraphy and blood-pool scintigraphy with Tc-99m-human serum albumin.

    A rare, benign congenital lymphangioma has been reported to occur frequently in the neck and axilla, but rarely in the retroperitoneal space. We report a case of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma associated with hypoproteinemia caused by protein-loss into the tumor. In this case, lymphoscintigraphy with subcutaneously injected Tc-99m-human serum albumin (HSA) disclosed the communication between the tumor and the lymphatic system, and sequential abdominal scintigraphy with intravenously injected Tc-99m-HSA revealed the protein loss into the tumor. Abdominal scintigraphy with Tc-99m-HSA injected intravenously or subcutaneously is occasionally useful for determining the etiology of hypoproteinemia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/52. Cystic hygroma of the head and neck--a long-term follow-up of 44 cases.

    Cystic hygroma of the neck is a relatively rare congenital malformation usually diagnosed during the first years of infancy. Complete surgical extirpation may be impossible without sacrificing important neurovascular structures. This paper reports the long-term outcome of surgical treatment during a 35-year period. A follow-up examination of 44 patients (24 males and 20 females) treated in our departments during the last 35 years was performed. Median age at first operation was 1.5 years (0-28 years) The observation period ranged between 1 and 36 years, median 16.2 years. Indications for operation were space occupying lesion, haemorrhage, dysphagia, difficulties in pronunciation or breathing and infection or nerve lesions. Fifty percent of the patients revealed residual or recurrent hygroma at the time of follow-up. Forty-four percent suffered from impaired speech, food intake, breathing or swallowing. Thirty-six percent were cosmetically bothered, and only 11% reported reduced quality of life. A significant correlation was noted between the extension of the lesion and (i) the number of operations performed and (ii) the rate of recurrent or residual hygroma. The rate of residual or recurrent hygroma was statistically higher for the suprahyoid lesions compared with the infrahyoid lesions. The localization and extent of the lesion is related to the surgical outcome. Surgical intervention should be centralized and should be considered carefully. Neurovascular structures should not be damaged in an attempt to effect complete removal. The above-mentioned results lead to a search for a new therapeutic modality, and the authors have recently taken up the Japanese way of treating hygromas by intralesional injection of OK-432. The first two patients treated by this technique had total regression of the lesion, and the method seems to be promising as an alternative to surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = neck
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Lymphangioma, Cystic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.