Cases reported "Lymphatic Diseases"

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1/1216. fever of unknown origin due to inflammatory pseudotumour of lymph nodes.

    The clinical features of inflammatory pseudotumour of lymph nodes, a distinct non-malignant histopathological entity firstly described in 1988, are summarized based upon a detailed analysis of 4 personal cases and 47 cases reported in the literature. The mean age of the patients is 38 years (range 8 to 82 years) and there is no gender predilection. One third present with asymptomatic lymphadenopathy and 47% present with fever, nearly all meeting the criteria of fever of unknown origin. Abdominal complaints are occasionally present. Intermittence of symptoms is common. Hepatosplenomegaly is unusual. All lymph node areas may be involved but abnormalities are mostly confined to one or two anatomic regions. No extranodal involvement has been reported although inflammatory pseudotumour may occur in several organs with similar morphological features and identical signs of inflammations. Routine blood tests are normal except for signs of inflammation. The lesions are gallium-avid. diagnosis is based upon typical histopathological features. The prognosis is favorable and surgical resection frequently leads to cure. Spontaneous resolution of symptoms has been reported and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may suppress the clinical manifestations. ( info)

2/1216. Ki-1 (CD30)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma, sarcomatoid variant accompanied by spontaneously regressing lymphadenopathy.

    Although it has been reported that primary Ki-1 (CD30)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the skin may undergo spontaneous regression, it is rare for ALCL without cutaneous involvement to have spontaneously regressing lymphadenopathy. We report a case of sarcomatoid variant of ALCL accompanied by spontaneously regressing lymphadenopathy. The patient had gastric and pulmonary involvement of ALCL in addition to systemic lymphadenopathy, but with no cutaneous involvement. The lymphadenopathy spontaneously improved gradually during a period of one month without any treatment. At the same time, multiple small nodules in both lung fields decreased on chest computed tomography and multiple elevated gastric tumors with dimples were endoscopically recognized to have improved. He has since been treated with combination chemotherapy because of recurrence of the lymphadenopathy. ( info)

3/1216. granuloma inguinale (donovanosis) presenting as a neck mass in an infant.

    A case of granuloma inguinale (GI) presenting as a lateral neck mass in a 4-month-old, hiv-positive infant is described. The histological features of the mass were typical of GI, with numerous macrophages containing intracellular organisms with a "closed-safety-pin" appearance. This is a rare occurrence, and the mode of transmission of infection is discussed. An awareness of GI in infants by both clinicians and pathologists is important to prevent morbidity and allow for prompt institution of appropriate treatment. ( info)

4/1216. Primary amyloidosis presenting as massive cervical lymphadenopathy with severe dyspnea: a case report and review of the literature.

    amyloidosis is an end point of several diseases in which the unifying characteristic is the association and extracellular deposition of the insoluble protein fibrils within various tissues and organs. We have discussed a variety of clinical findings of primary amyloidosis with emphasis on its otolaryngologic manifestations. This case represents the second report in the literature of a neck mass resulting from a plasma cell dyscrasia and the first report of AL disease producing such extensive cervical lymphadenopathy as to cause significant respiratory compromise. ( info)

5/1216. Rapid progression of squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix after hyperbaric oxygenation.

    The role of hyperbaric oxygenation in the treatment of radiation-induced sequelae and chronic ulcer is well established. On the contrary, a possible cancer-causing or growth-enhancing effect by hyperbaric oxygenation was highly controversial. Herein, we present a 55-year-old Chinese woman with recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix on her left inguinal area. She received concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by radical inguinal lymphadenectomy due to persistent tumor mass. The patient was complicated with severe radiation fibrosis and unhealed wounds, so she was treated with hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO). However, the patient died of complications of the disease after completing HBO therapy I month later and autopsy of the patient showed carcinomatosis of the abdominal cavity and lower abdominal wall. Because previous studies have been inconclusive regarding the effect of HBO on tumor cells, we reviewed the possible relation between the HBO and tumor cells. ( info)

6/1216. sarcoidosis associated with multiple large pulmonary nodules.

    Parenchymal manifestations of pulmonary sarcoidosis include a diffuse, symmetric, reticulonodular interstitial pattern, a fibrotic pattern, and an acinar pattern. Large pulmonary nodules in sarcoidosis are rare, and their frequency (> 1 cm in diameter) has been estimated at 2-4%. We report a rare case of sarcoidosis associated with large bilateral pulmonary nodules. These nodules reached up to 7 cm in diameter, which is larger than any others reported previously. Furthermore, these nodular lesions developed within only 6 months of normal chest X-ray results and were not found to accompany bilateral hilar lymph adenopathy, which is observed in the usual course of sarcoidosis. As described above, this case of pulmonary sarcoidosis was significant not only in terms of the large size of the nodules but also the unique chest X-ray course. ( info)

7/1216. A silicosis patient presenting with an enlarged supraclavicular lymph node.

    A stone splitter was discovered to have an enlarged supraclavicular lymph node which showed nodules with bi-refringent crystals on histological examination. He had worked in a dusty environment for more than 10 years with ineffective respiratory protection. He gave a history of occasional cough with blood-stained sputum for 10 years for which no definite diagnosis was made. silicosis (classified as type s/s with profusion 1/1) was confirmed after his chest radiographs were reviewed. The presentation was unusual and illustrated the importance of an occupational history in clinical practice. ( info)

8/1216. Possible misinterpretation on computed tomography of left inferior vena cava as retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis: a report of two cases.

    PURPOSE: We report on two cases of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis of testicular cancer with left inferior vena cava. methods/RESULTS: A 25-year-old man with a left testicular cancer with pulmonary and retroperitoneal lymph node metastases received three courses of VIP (etoposide, ifosfamide and cisplatinum) chemotherapy. Subsequent abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed round lesions enhanced with contrast agent on both sides of the aorta inside the degenerated lymphadenopathy. These lesions were regarded as a duplicated inferior vena cava (IVC) and this was confirmed at retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. The second case is of a 21-year-old man with a left testicular cancer with pulmonary, liver and widespread lymph node metastases. Subsequent to a course of VIP chemotherapy, super high-dose chemotherapy was administered. Abdominal CT revealed a round mass enhanced with contrast agent on the left side of the aorta adjacent to the degenerated lymphadenopathy, which was regarded as the transposed left IVC and this was confirmed at lymph node dissection. CONCLUSIONS: In both cases, initial CT failed to detect the lesions as the left IVC and there was a possibility for the misinterpretation of such venous anomalies with residual lymphadenopathy. ( info)

9/1216. Hilar adenopathy in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.

    BACKGROUND: A 20-year-old male student developed allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Computed tomography (CT) of the thorax done to detect central bronchiectasis (CB) for confirmation of diagnosis revealed, in addition, right hilar lymphadenopathy. Hilar adenopathy is thought to be rare in ABPA and has been documented only once before. Because of the finding of hilar adenopathy, the earlier reported patient had to undergo an invasive surgical procedure. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of true hilar adenopathy in ABPA. methods: This is a single case report. Contrast enhanced CT of the thorax was done. serum precipitating antibodies against aspergillus fumigatus were tested using gel diffusion technique, and intradermal testing with antigens of Aspergillus species was performed. Specific IgG antibodies against A. fumigatus and total IgE levels were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: A review of serial chest radiographs over a period of 3 years demonstrated transient pulmonary infiltrates and right hilar prominence. Computed tomography of the thorax revealed right hilar lymphadenopathy along with bilateral central bronchiectasis and patchy infiltrates. Strong bands of precipitins were detected against A. fumigatus. Intradermal testing with antigens of Aspergillus species elicited strong type I (immediate) and type III (Arthus-type) hypersensitivity reactions to A. fumigatus and A. niger. Specific IgG antibodies against A. fumigatus was positive and total IgE level was significantly elevated. Peripheral blood eosinophilia was also detected. CONCLUSIONS: Although extremely rare, ABPA should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hilar adenopathy. ( info)

10/1216. Destructive bone disease in early syphilis.

    Although destructive bone disease is a well-known complication of tertiary syphilis, osteitis or osteomyelitis are not commonly recognized as complications of early (primary or secondary) syphillis. A patient with secondary syphilis characterized by generalized lymphadenopathy, perianal condyloma lata, and positive rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption (FTA-ABS) tests also complained of headache, right should pain, and right anterior chest pain and swelling. Roentgenograms showed mottled osteolytic lesions consistent with previously described luetic bone disease. biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of syphilitic osteomyelitis, and treatment with penicillin resulted in prompt resolution of symptoms. ( info)
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