Cases reported "Lymphatic Metastasis"

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1/65. Double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes: report of a case.

    A case of double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes is reported. A 73-year-old man with hemosputum was found to have a mass in his right lower lung field on a chest X-ray. Based on a diagnosis of lung cancer, a right middle and lower lobectomy with a dissection of the lymph nodes was performed. Microscopically, a well developed granulomatous reaction was seen in the dissected mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Three years after the pulmonary resection, he was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A diagnosis of lower esophageal cancer was made. A lower esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy was performed. A sarcoid-like reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells was seen in the regional lymph nodes. No clinical findings indicative of systemic sarcoidosis were observed. This rare condition may therefore help to improve our overall understanding of the relationship between malignant neoplasms and sarcoid-like reactions in the regional lymph nodes.
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keywords = esophagus
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2/65. Surgical treatment for recurrent tumors of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus: a case report and review of the literature.

    The purpose of this communication is to present a case of resection performed for local recurrent tumors of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) and to review the relevant literature. The patient was a 54 year-old man who had received an intraabdominal esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy for primary malignant melanoma of the abdominal esophagus in another hospital, in November 1995. After the initial operation, he was treated as an outpatient. In August 1997, computed tomography and ultrasonography revealed recurrent tumors in the dorsal pancreatic lymph node and in the right adrenal gland. The recurrent tumor of the dorsal pancreas directly invaded the dorsal pancreas parenchyma and occluded the superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein, and the other metastatic tumor in the right adrenal gland existed in the absence of circumference invasion. Metastases of the PMME were confirmed in the dorsal pancreas, the superior mesenteric vein, splenic vein, and right adrenal gland, and were removed by a total pancreatectomy on October 7, 1997. By immunohistochemical staining, we found that the focal areas expressed S-100 protein and HMB-45 antibody. Currently (February 1998), the patient is alive and disease-free. PMME is an extremely rare tumor with a poor prognosis for survival. Only 2 cases of removal of recurrent tumors, including the present case, have been reported. The treatment of choice is surgical resection, even in cases of recurrence, because radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy have not been proven to be beneficial; however, they may play a palliative role if surgery is not possible.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = esophagus
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3/65. Esophageal carcinoma with spread to mesenteric and iliac lymph nodes.

    Carcinoma of the esophagus can metastasize to unusual sites. We report a patient with esophageal carcinoma with retrograde spread to the mesenteric and iliac lymph nodes from celiac nodes, demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed by FNAC.
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keywords = esophagus
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4/65. Small cell carcinoma of the esophagus: a case report.

    Primary small cell carcinoma of the esophagus, which is similar in appearance and behavior to its counterpart of the lung, is a rare tumor. We describe a 77 year-old woman whose esophagram revealed a well-defined mass in the lower third of the thoracic esophagus. A biopsy specimen showed an infiltration of small malignant cells. The individual cells were oval- or spindle-shaped with hyperchromatic nuclei and scant cytoplasm. synaptophysin staining was positive. The mass was diagnosed as a small cell carcinoma of the esophagus. She underwent an esophagectomy with esophagogastric anastomosis. We discuss the treatment of small cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
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ranking = 1.6
keywords = esophagus
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5/65. Multiple primary cancers of the esophagus and thyroid gland.

    The occurrence of multiple primary cancers in the aerodigestive tract is a well known phenomenon that has been explained by the concept of 'field carcinogenesis'. Metachronous or synchronous esophageal cancer has usually been identified in patients with head and neck cancer, gastric cancer or colon cancer. The incidence of multiple primary cancers of the esophagus and thyroid gland is very low. We treated four patients with synchronous cancers of the cervical esophagus and the thyroid gland. Histologically, all of the esophageal cancers were squamous cell carcinomas. Thyroid cancers were evaluated as papillary carcinoma or follicular carcinoma. Both the esophageal cancer and the thyroid cancer frequently metastasized to lymph nodes. All patients had multiple lymph nodes metastasis from the esophageal or the thyroid cancer. In one patient, both the esophageal and the thyroid cancers were detected in the same lymph node. Three of four patients died from recurrence of esophageal cancer. The prognosis of these patients was poor. In the treatment of esophageal carcinoma, cancers of other organs including the thyroid gland should be carefully investigated.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = esophagus
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6/65. A case of pseudosarcoma associated with type 3 squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: report of a case.

    A case of a primary esophageal pseudosarcoma associated with an independent type 3 tumor is described herein. A 60-year-old male presented with dysphagia and chest discomfort. A clinical evaluation revealed a type 3 tumor in the middle of the esophagus, which was diagnosed after a biopsy to be squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). A subsequent gross examination of the subtotally removed esophagus revealed a polypoid tumor adjacent to the type 3 tumor. Histologically, the polypoid mass was composed of SCC and mesenchymal components without a transitional zone. The tumor was thus classified as a pseudosarcoma of the esophagus, and was unique in that this appeared to have developed independently from the SCC.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = esophagus
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7/65. Paraneoplastic vasculitis associated with esophageal carcinoma.

    We report a case of esophageal carcinoma associated with paraneoplastic vasculitis. A 69-year-old man suffered from low-grade fever and numbness of the lower limbs for 3 months before esophageal and gastric carcinomas were detected. Concurrent infection or collagen disease was ruled out following clinical and laboratory examinations. In April 1996, the gastric carcinoma was completely removed by endoscopic mucosal resection, but the symptoms remained. Three weeks later esophagectomy was performed for esophageal carcinoma after which time the fever and numbness disappeared. The esophageal carcinoma was a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma invading into the submucosal layer. Twenty-two lymph node metastases were found in 68 resected lymph nodes. Latent thyroid cancer was found. Histologically, vasculitis was detected in the esophagus, stomach and serratus anterior muscle. The distribution and degree of vasculitis were most pronounced in the esophagus. The concurrent onset and spontaneous resolution of fever and numbness after the removal of the esophageal carcinoma suggested a paraneoplastic origin. The majority of patients with malignant neoplasm-associated vasculitis had hematologic neoplasms. Cases of esophageal carcinoma associated with paraneoplastic vasculitis are extremely rare.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = esophagus
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8/65. Alpha-fetoprotein producing Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinoma: a case report.

    A 59-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with upper abdominal pain. His serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level was very high, 1500 ng/ml. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed depressed lesion at 36 cm from the upper incisors, with columnar epithelium lining the esophagus circumferentially to the oral side of the lesion. Histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed a tubular adenocarcinoma as well as the presence of gastric columnar epithelium with intestinal metaplasia. immunohistochemistry demonstrated AFP in the tumor cells. From these results, a diagnosis of AFP-producing esophageal adenocarcinoma occurring in Barrett's esophagus, a condition which is extremely rare in japan, was established. Computed tomography (CT) showed multiple metastasis on the liver and wide-ranging lymph node metastasis. Chemotherapy was not effective and the patient died about 2 months after the start of treatment. The AFP-producing esophageal adenocarcinoma presented here had biological characteristics similar to those of AFP-producing gastric cancer.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = esophagus
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9/65. Thoracic esophagectomy combined with pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy in a one-stage procedure: report of a case.

    We present herein the case of a patient who underwent a thoracic esophagectomy and pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy in a one-stage procedure for synchronous double primary cancer of the thoracic esophagus and the head of the pancreas (intraductal papillary tumor). To reconstruct the upper alimentary tract with the stomach, the gastroduodenal artery and right gastroepiploic vein were successfully skeletonized and preserved. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient is currently well, 5 years after surgery.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = esophagus
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10/65. Lymph node metastases identified with mediastinoscopy in a patient with superficial carcinoma of the esophagus.

    Superficial esophageal cancers limited to the lamina propria are not associated with lymph node metastases. Mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy was planned in a patient with widespread superficial cancer of the midthoracic esophagus. Sampling of the upper mediastinal lymph nodes revealed metastases. The operation was converted to a transthoracic esophagectomy with radical lymphadenectomy. Histopathologic examination of the resection specimen showed three metastatic lymph nodes, despite local invasion limited to the lamina propria. This is the first report of a patient with superficial esophageal cancer and lymph node metastases.
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keywords = esophagus
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