Cases reported "Lymphatic Metastasis"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/285. melanosis in association with metastatic malignant melanoma: report of a case and a unifying concept of pathogenesis.

    An unusual case of melanosis associated with metastatic malignant melanoma is reported. This was characterized by progressive blue/gray discoloration of the skin of the chest and abdomen in an elderly patient, 1 year after removal of a polypoid malignant melanoma from the right arm. A biopsy of involved skin revealed perivascular aggregates of melanin-laden histiocytes throughout the dermis, the histopathologic hallmark of melanosis. An unusual aspect of the case was the coincidental finding of a tumor embolus within a small dermal vessel, probably a lymphatic. To date, neoplastic melanocytes have been detected in only a small minority of skin biopsies with features of melanosis. This case and a distillation of related information in the literature lead to the conclusion that the essence of melanosis, and the feature that distinguishes this from conventional metastatic melanoma, is the persistent and cumulative dissemination of melanin, via the bloodstream, throughout the body. This in turn leads to progressive pigmentation of all internal organs and the skin. Only continuous access to the circulation by neoplastic melanocytes could explain such a phenomenon. Potential mechanisms by which this could arise are discussed in the context of existing knowledge.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/285. Inflammatory metastatic melanoma.

    An 87-year-old woman developed erythema, induration and tenderness of the skin overlying each breast. One year before, she had undergone an axillary lymph node dissection because of metastases from melanoma. The primary site was unknown. A skin biopsy showed pigmented tumor nests within the dermal lymphatic vessels, and immunohistochemistry confirmed the melanocytic origin. The diagnosis of inflammatory metastatic melanoma was made.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.49890751235562
keywords = melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/285. Long-term survival after extended surgical resection of melanoma metastasis and immunotherapy.

    A patient with a huge melanoma metastasis to the left adrenal gland was treated by multivisceral surgical resection. Progression of disease could be controlled by systemic immunotherapy resulting in long-term survival. In selected cases, above all with late manifestation of distant melanoma metastases, even major surgical resection of such lesions can be worthwhile.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.49890751235562
keywords = melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/285. Metastases from a regressed malignant melanoma as a cause of haemoperitoneum.

    We report a case of metastasis from a regressed cutaneous melanoma presenting as an acute abdomen. The patient presented with peritonitis, which at operation was found to be due to intraperitoneal haemorrhage from a bleeding metastatic melanoma lesion in the ileum. Surgical resection was performed and the patient remained well 2 years later.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.77753500274569
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/285. Surgical treatment for recurrent tumors of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus: a case report and review of the literature.

    The purpose of this communication is to present a case of resection performed for local recurrent tumors of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) and to review the relevant literature. The patient was a 54 year-old man who had received an intraabdominal esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy for primary malignant melanoma of the abdominal esophagus in another hospital, in November 1995. After the initial operation, he was treated as an outpatient. In August 1997, computed tomography and ultrasonography revealed recurrent tumors in the dorsal pancreatic lymph node and in the right adrenal gland. The recurrent tumor of the dorsal pancreas directly invaded the dorsal pancreas parenchyma and occluded the superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein, and the other metastatic tumor in the right adrenal gland existed in the absence of circumference invasion. Metastases of the PMME were confirmed in the dorsal pancreas, the superior mesenteric vein, splenic vein, and right adrenal gland, and were removed by a total pancreatectomy on October 7, 1997. By immunohistochemical staining, we found that the focal areas expressed S-100 protein and HMB-45 antibody. Currently (February 1998), the patient is alive and disease-free. PMME is an extremely rare tumor with a poor prognosis for survival. Only 2 cases of removal of recurrent tumors, including the present case, have been reported. The treatment of choice is surgical resection, even in cases of recurrence, because radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy have not been proven to be beneficial; however, they may play a palliative role if surgery is not possible.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.91684874794073
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/285. Malignant melanoma showing ganglioneuroblastic differentiation: report of a unique case.

    We report a case of metastatic malignant melanoma in an inguinal lymph node, expressing ganglioneuroblastic differentiation. This was characterized by the presence of discrete nests and islands of large ganglion cells with abundant cytoplasm and eccentric nuclei with prominent nucleoli admixed with smaller primitive neuroblasts. The cells were separated by pale pink fibrillar material representing neuritic cell processes. These foci of ganglioneuroblastoma were seen over a background of an otherwise typical metastatic epithelioid, focally melanotic, malignant melanoma. immunohistochemistry showed positivity for neurofilament, synaptophysin, chromogranin, vasoactive intestinal peptide, and glial fibrillary acidic protein in the areas with ganglioneuroblastic differentiation, but not in the melanocytic component. Conversely, HMB45 positivity was expressed by the melanocytic cells only. S-100 protein and Melan-A, a putative melanocytic marker, showed positivity in both melanocytic and ganglioneuroblastic components. Ultrastructurally, neuritic cell processes and dense core neurosecretory granules were identified in the ganglionic and neuroblastic cells. A subsequent nodal metastasis in the same region showed focal neuroblastic differentiation without the ganglionic element. No evidence of neuronal or ganglionic differentiation was seen in the primary skin melanoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.72137250960993
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/285. Direct lymphatic drainage from a melanoma on the back to paravertebral lymph nodes in the thorax.

    Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy with Tc-99m antimony sulfide colloid was performed in a patient with cutaneous melanoma on the lower back just to the right of the midline. There was direct lymphatic drainage to paravertebral nodes in the chest on the right side at the level of the sixth and seventh thoracic vertebrae. There was also drainage directly to the right groin and via a series of interval nodes to the right axilla. knowledge of the presence of such drainage may influence the surgical management of patients.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.41575626029635
keywords = melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/285. Sentinel node detection and definition may depend on the imaging agent and timing.

    PURPOSE: Two cases of sentinel lymph node imaging are presented in which the results are exceptions to what the literature generally defines as sentinel lymph nodes. In one case, Tc-99m antimony trisulfide colloid produced significantly different results than did Tc-99m tin colloid. In the second case, the results bring into question the definition of a sentinel node as the first in a lymphatic drainage pathway. MATERIALS AND methods: In one patient, lymphoscintigraphy was performed initially using Tc-99m antimony trisulfide colloid injected intradermally around a melanoma excision site. Repeated lymphoscintigraphy 1 month later, 1 hour before sentinel node excision, was done using Tc-99m tin colloid, a larger particle than antimony trisulfide colloid. The second patient, with a melanoma biopsied only, had sentinel node imaging performed using Tc-99m sulfide colloid, a particulate also larger than antimony trisulfide colloid and also 1 hour before sentinel node excision. RESULTS: In the first patient, imaging with the smaller antimony trisulfide colloid showed more lymphatic pathways and more sentinel nodes than with tin colloid. In the second patient, the first focus of retention of the imaging agent in the lymphatic pathway seen showed less intense accumulation than the next focus in the pathway, contrary to published reports that the sentinel node shows more intense accumulation than do nodes further downstream in a lymphatic pathway. CONCLUSIONS: There are exceptions to published characteristics of sentinel node lymphoscintigraphy, so care must be exercised in localizing sentinel nodes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.16630250411854
keywords = melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/285. lymphoscintigraphy with sentinel lymph node biopsy in cutaneous Merkel cell carcinoma.

    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare cutaneous malignancy characterized by an aggressive clinical behavior with high rates of locoregional and systemic recurrence. Regional disease and distant metastases are associated with poor prognosis. Despite a predisposition of MCC to spread via the lymphatics, prophylactic lymph node dissection in the absence of clinically apparent lymph node involvement is controversial. The value of lymphoscintigraphy in cutaneous melanoma is established in lesions with ambiguous lymphatic drainage patterns. When used with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), it can identify subjects with occult regional node metastasis. The authors present 2 patients with MCC who underwent regional node staging with lymphoscintigraphy-directed SLNB. Both patients had sentinel nodes that were positive for metastatic disease. In patients with MCC, minimally invasive regional node staging SLNB may be useful in limiting the sequelae of routine lymphadenectomies. Whether early identification and treatment of patients with occult regional node disease can influence survival in MCC is not known.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.08315125205927
keywords = melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/285. Sentinel-node guided lymph-node dissection for merkel cell carcinoma.

    Merkel cell carcinoma is an aggressive neuroendocrine skin tumour. Treatment is still debatable. Merkel cell carcinoma resembles malignant melanoma in its cutaneous presentation and its embryonic origin; both have unpredictable biological behaviour, early regional lymph node involvement, early distant metastases and a high recurrence rate. In light of these common features, we used pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy, intraoperative lymph-node mapping and sentinel-node biopsy-a well-described technique for the treatment of melanoma-in a 60-year-old man with Merkel cell carcinoma in the right buttock. Following frozen section identification of a metastatic first-order sentinel node, radical right groin dissection was performed. All the other lymph nodes in this basin proved to be disease-free, including the second-order sentinel node and Cloquet node. The patient is now being treated with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This case shows that sentinel-node guided dissection is applicable to Merkel cell carcinoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.23595937671606
keywords = melanoma, malignant melanoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Lymphatic Metastasis'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.