Cases reported "lymphocytosis"

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11/317. infectious mononucleosis.

    infectious mononucleosis is a unique disease in its hematologic aspects; it is different from the frequently occurring acute microbial diseases in that it affects primarily the reticuloendothelial system; and it is interesting serologically because of the heterophil antibody reaction, as well as the multiplicity of antibodies which may be produced. The diagnosis should be suspected clinically before hematology is reported - by remembering the prototypes. In fact, a patient between 16 and 25 years old complains of sore throat and fever is more likely to have infectious mononucleosis than another disease; and if - in addition - he is jaundiced, a diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis is almost certain. Finally, a negative result of treatment with corticosteroid has the diagnostic significance mentioned above. Positive effect of treatment has no diagnostic significance. ( info)

12/317. The significance of lymphocytosis in congenital hypoplastic anemia.

    Two infants with congenital hypoplastic anemia had an unusual number of lymphocytes in their peripheral blood and in the bone marrow. This caused an erroneous diagnosis of acute lymphocytic leukemia to be made in the first case and inappropriate therapy to be administered for three months. The second of these cases provided an unusual opportunity to study human erythrocyte precursor dynamics. Serial bone marrow aspirates, obtained after institution of treatment with a corticosteroid, revealed an initial increase in labeled lymphocytes, a concomitant decrease in their number, and the subsequent appearance of erythroid elements. These findings suggest that cells classified morphologically as lymphocytes may serve as erythroid precursors in human beings. ( info)

13/317. Long-term remission in an elderly patient with mantle cell leukemia treated with low-dose cyclophosphamide.

    We present an elderly patient with mantle cell leukemia who was successfully treated with low-dose cyclophosphamide (CY). A 76-year-old female was diagnosed as mantle cell leukemia based on abnormal lymphocytosis and splenomegaly without lymphadenopathy. She was orally treated with 50 mg of CY daily and had continuous remission over 4 years. Rearrangements of BCL1 and immunoglobulin heavy chain genes in the peripheral blood lymphocytes were detected at diagnosis, but not 1 or 4 years later. Further studies are required to confirm the role of low-dose CY therapy for patients with mantle cell leukemia and lymphoma. ( info)

14/317. Clinical course of a pituitary macroadenoma in the first trimester of pregnancy: probable lymphocytic hypophysitis.

    Recent findings revealed that the clinical features of lymphocytic hypophysitis are more complicated than previously thought. It is rarely described in the first trimester of pregnancy and signs of meningeal irritation are infrequently reported. In this study, a pregnant woman in her first trimester of pregnancy with clinical and radiological characteristics of a pituitary macroadenoma is described. The patient's pituitary profile revealed a relatively low prolactin for her stage of pregnancy. Unusual findings were neck stiffness associated with headache, nausea and vomiting. She was treated conservatively. Spontaneous complete resolution of the pituitary mass in the postpartum period led us to conclude that the correct diagnosis should be hypophysitis. Hypophysitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a pituitary mass presenting in early stages of pregnancy with symptoms mimicking hyperemesis gravidarum and/or meningeal irritation. ( info)

15/317. Unusual MRI findings in lymphocytic hypophysitis with central diabetes insipidus.

    We report an unusual case of lymphocytic hypophysitis, which proved to be cystic at surgery. ( info)

16/317. Disproportionate retrograde amnesia in a patient with herpes simplex encephalitis.

    We describe a patient who developed a severe but temporally limited retrograde amnesia coupled with a relatively mild anterograde amnesia following herpes simplex encephalitis. The patient showed a profound retrograde amnesia for autobiographical events extending for about 10 years prior to the disease onset. Her knowledge about public events and famous persons was also impaired for this period. An MRI and SPECT demonstrated bilateral medial temporal pathology. This case represents a further instance of a relatively focal retrograde amnesia following brain damage. We review other reported cases with focal retrograde amnesia and consider theoretical and neuroanatomical accounts for the present case. Two factors may account for her amnesic patterns: a partial disruption of the store for premorbid binding codes (i.e., information that multimodal feature representations occurred synchronously); along with a relative preservation of the encoding process required to develop new synchronous codes. ( info)

17/317. Cystic lymphocytic hypophysitis, visual field defects and hypopituitarism.

    A 45-year-old man presented with anterior pituitary failure, requiring thyroxine, hydrocortisone and androgen replacement. An MRI scan revealed a large cystic pituitary mass and thickening of the pituitary stalk. Over three years, diabetes insipidus and bitemporal hemianopia developed and the cystic mass had enlarged on MR scanning. Transphenoidal resection was performed with normalisation of the visual fields. histology revealed lymphocytic hypophysitis, which is rare in men. The presentation with cystic enlargement is unique. ( info)

18/317. Superficial gastric carcinoma developed on localized hypertrophic lymphocytic gastritis: a variant of localized Menetrier's disease?

    Menetrier's disease is a rare premalignant condition that usually involves the entire stomach. Only few cases of localized disease have been reported, rarely with cancer. Lymphocytic gastritis is a newly described entity that may share a common pathogenesis with Menetrier's disease. The authors report the case of a 62 year old woman with known liver cirrhosis in whom endoscopic examination of the stomach showed an antral tumor. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a superficial gastric adenocarcinoma developed on an hypertrophic gastropathy with both Menetrier's disease and lymphocytic gastritis features. This observation strengthens the hypothesis of a common mechanism between Menetrier's disease and lymphocytic gastritis, which may be part of the same disease spectrum. This disease could also correspond to the "hypertrophic lymphocytic gastritis" recently described. ( info)

19/317. Folliculotropic T-cell lymphocytosis (mucin-poor follicular mucinosis).

    A 48-year-old man presented with multiple asymptomatic patches of hair loss over his trunk and limbs associated with focal keratotic follicular plugs. Multiple skin biopsies showed a panfollicular lymphocytic infiltrate associated with follicular hyperkeratinization, minimal follicular spongiosis, focal basaloid follicular hyperplasia but no overt follicular mucinosis. The lymphocytes were small and there was no atypia. Immunoperoxidase stains showed that the follicular lymphocytes were T cells and predominantly CD4 positive with HLADr (LN3) expressed on their surface. There were insufficient clinical or histopathological features to make a diagnosis of folliculotropic T-cell lymphoma. This case currently may be classified best as folliculotropic T-cell lymphocytosis and may represent a mucin-poor counterpart of follicular mucinosis. Such cases may pursue an indolent course or may evolve to folliculotropic T-cell lymphoma, mycosis fungoides or anaplastic lymphoma. The term folliculotropic T-cell lymphocytosis may be useful for similar cases lacking clinical or histological criteria for lymphoma and lacking follicular mucinosis. ( info)

20/317. Differentiating hiv-1 parotid cysts from papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum.

    BACKGROUND: patients with parotid cystic lesions may first be seen in the dental office. These conditions most often represent either papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum, or PCL, or lymphoepithelial cysts associated with human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, disease. The authors present a case report to illustrate the differential diagnosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: PCL represents a benign, usually unilateral, circumscribed parotid tumor with cystic elements. HIV-associated lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland usually are seen bilaterally, create cosmetic concerns and are hallmarked by an associated cervical lymphadenopathy. Therapy for PCL demands surgical excision, while patients with HIV-associated lymphoepithelial cysts may be treated with antiviral therapy and undergo periodic monitoring by a physician. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: As a member of the health care team, the dentist must be familiar with head and neck swellings. Early clinical recognition of parotid swellings leads to successful treatment. ( info)
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