Cases reported "Lymphoma, AIDS-Related"

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1/31. Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) associated with small non-cleaved cell lymphoma in a child with AIDS.

    The association of human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) with a small non-cleaved cell lymphoma is described in a child with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who developed a malignant pleural effusion and radiologic evidence of multiple solid tumors. HHV-8 dna and Epstein-Barr virus dna were identified in pleural fluid cells by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. The serum antibody titer against lytic HHV-8 proteins was 1:640; antibodies to latent HHV-8 proteins were not detected. cytogenetic analysis of malignant cells revealed three abnormal karyotypes sharing the common finding of a t(8;14) translocation. Rearrangement of c-myc was demonstrated by PCR analysis. Oligoclonal JH immunoglobulin bands were found. Insufficient pleural fluid cells were available to permit localization of HHV-8 to malignant cells by in situ hybridization. This malignancy contrasts with HHV-8-associated lymphomas reported in adult patients with AIDS with respect to cell morphology, c-myc translocation, and oligoclonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangement. HHV-8 is associated with a wider spectrum of malignancies than recognized previously.
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ranking = 1
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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2/31. Human herpesvirus type 8 and epstein-barr virus-associated cutaneous lymphoma taking anaplastic large cell morphology in a man with HIV infection.

    Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus)-positive lymphoma taking anaplastic large cell morphology in the skin is described in a 46-year-old man with AIDS. Multiple erythematous nodules appeared on the trunk and extremities during the treatment of AIDS. Histological examination of cutaneous nodules showed dense infiltration of CD30 atypical lymphoid cells in the deep dermis. Immunoglobulin JH gene rearrangement was detected in these lymphoma cells. Both Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small rna and HHV-8 mRNA (T1.1/nut-1) were detected in these lymphoma cells by in situ hybridization. Remarkable retention of the pericardial fluid was observed at the same time that cutaneous lesions grew, and lymphoma cells in the pericardial fluid showed the same phenotype as the cutaneous lymphoma. Chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone effectively reduced both the cutaneous nodules and pericardial fluid. However, the patient died 4 months after diagnosis because of cytomegalovirus infection. As far as we know, this is the first report of an HHV-8-positive cutaneous lymphoma taking anaplastic large cell morphology. This case suggests the association of AIDS-related anaplastic large cell lymphoma with HHV-8.
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ranking = 0.54316066992507
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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3/31. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-positive primary effusion lymphoma arising in the subarachnoid space.

    Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare and distinctive type of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that occurs primarily, although not exclusively, in patients with AIDS. It usually develops as a lymphomatous effusion in the absence of a tumor mass, characteristically contains the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV-8), usually also contains the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), displays a characteristic cytomorphology bridging immunoblastic and anaplastic large cell lymphoma, often expresses an indeterminate immunophenotype, and a B-cell genotype. Thus far, PEL has been limited almost entirely to the pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial cavities. We describe a NHL occurring in a gay man with AIDS that is typical of PEL in that it arose in a body cavity or space without an associated tumor mass, displays the cytomorphology typical of PEL, is a clonal B-cell neoplasm, and contains KSHV as well as EBV. This case is singularly distinctive in that it is the first case of PEL reported to arise in the subarachnoid space. This unique case further supports the strong association between KSHV and malignant lymphoma arising in body cavities and growing as an effusion.
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ranking = 1.0905267783208
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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4/31. Human herpesvirus 8-associated solid lymphomas that occur in AIDS patients take anaplastic large cell morphology.

    Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8; Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) is a recently isolated human herpesvirus frequently identified in Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman's disease. Here we report three cases of HHV-8-bearing solid lymphomas that occurred in AIDS patients (Cases 1-3). All three patients were homosexual men presenting extranodal masses in the lungs (Case 1) or skin (Cases 2 and 3), together with the presence of Kaposi's sarcoma (Case 1), primary effusion lymphoma (Case 2), or multicentric Castleman's disease (Case 3). These solid lymphomas exhibited anaplastic large cell morphology and expressed CD30, corresponding to the recent diagnostic criteria of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). The chromosomal translocation t(2;5)-associated chimeric protein p80NPM/ALK was not observed in any of these cases. HHV-8 was detected in all of these cases by polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry of HHV-8-encoded ORF73 protein, and in situ hybridization of T1.1. Epstein-Barr virus was detected only in Cases 2 and 3 by in situ hybridization. It is interesting that inoculation of a cell line obtained from a primary effusion lymphoma cell in Case 2 to severe combined immunodeficiency mice produced HHV-8-positive and Epstein-Barr virus-negative tumors in inoculated sites. These tumor cells exhibited phenotypes of ALCL that were identical to the subcutaneous tumor cells of this particular patient. These findings clearly show that HHV-8 can associate with solid lymphomas and that it can take anaplastic large cell morphology. Those lymphomas should be distinguished from the classical ALCL as were defined by the revised European-American classification of lymphoid neoplasms even though morphology and a part of immunophenotype mimic that of classical ALCL.
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ranking = 1.1810535566417
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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5/31. Virological and molecular characterisation of a new B lymphoid cell line, established from an AIDS patient with primary effusion lymphoma, harbouring both KSHV/HHV8 and EBV viruses.

    We report here a new case of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), occurring in a French homosexual hiv-1 infected male with a pericardial, pleural and mesenteric tumour dissemination, and the establishment from his pleural effusion of a new cell line, Cra-BCBL, dually infected by EBV and KSHV/HHV8. Cra-BCBL cells are of B-cell origin as judged by their clonal immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene rearrangement, identical to that of the parental tumour. Both the cell line and the lymphoma cells expressed CD38 and CD45 antigens but no classical B-cell or T-cell lineage-restricted antigens. Cra-BCBL harbours a type I EBV virus, expressing a latency type II. Expression of KSHV/HHV8 ORF72 and ORF75 was detected by RT/PCR. In addition, KSHV lytic replication could be induced by treatment by n-butyrate. An equivalent and high copy number of KSHV genomes (20 to 200 copies by cell) was detected both in the primary tumour cells and in the cell line. Southern blot (SB) analysis of EBV terminal repeats (TR) displayed the same unique band in the cell line dna and in the original tumour cells, consistent with a monoclonal infection of EBV. Furthermore, SB analysis of KSHV/HHV8 TR revealed the same hybridisation pattern between Cra-BCBL and the effusion cells, with a common band at around 30-40 kb corresponding to the fused termini of the viral episomes and a 5 Kb rearranged fragment. The new cell line characterised here could be a useful model to study interactions between two human herpes viruses and their contribution to lymphomagenesis.
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ranking = 0.001204730052228
keywords = herpes
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6/31. Clinicopathological characterization of an hiv-2-infected individual with two clonally unrelated primary lymphomas.

    Human immunodeficiency virus 2 (hiv-2) is endemic in West africa and is a causative agent of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Only a small number of hiv-2-infected patients have been described in detail. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is the second most common neoplasm occurring in hiv-1-infected patients, but its incidence seems to be lower in hiv-2-infected individuals. We report an hiv-2-infected patient from cape verde (West africa) with separate and distinct systemic and primary central nervous system large B-cell lymphomas and review the findings of cases of hiv-2-associated lymphomas reported in the literature. Different clonal rearrangements of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene could be detected in the two lymphomas of our patient by polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis. These data indicate the presence of two clonally unrelated large B-cell lymphomas in the same patient, which is an unusual finding. Neither Epstein-Barr virus nor human herpesvirus 8 could be detected in the tumor tissues or the cerebrospinal fluid. hiv-2 infection should be considered in patients with NHL, especially in those from West africa.
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ranking = 0.63789288671662
keywords = human herpesvirus, herpesvirus, herpes
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7/31. Epstein-Barr virus-targeted therapy for AIDS-related primary lymphoma of the central nervous system.

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) targeted therapeutic strategies for viral associated malignant diseases have received only perfunctory consideration, first, because latent herpesviruses have been intractable to antiviral chemotherapy and, second, because the role EBV has in maintenance of the malignant cell phenotype has been uncertain. Two patients with EBV related primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) in the setting of advanced AIDS, were treated with low dose hydroxyurea based on in vitro anti-EBV activity. The responses obtained here suggest the promise of antiviral approaches in select cancers.
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ranking = 0.090526778320845
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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8/31. Unusual presentation of "extracavitary" primary effusion lymphoma in previously unknown HIV disease.

    Human herpes virus, type 8, also called Kaposi's sarcoma-associated virus, is associated with primary effusion lymphoma, an uncommon and unusual subset of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphomas mostly confined to body cavities, which primarily affects human immunodeficiency virus-positive men. We report the case of a 40-year-old male with primary effusion lymphoma that presented initially with generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly, followed by pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, in a previously undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus patient. Cytomorphological studies disclosed a large-cell lymphoma with a population of cells demonstrating intermediate CD45 expression and partial coexpression of CD20 and CD23 markers, as well as universal expression of HLA-DR, CD71, CD38, and CD-30. Molecular studies showed clonal B-cell gene rearrangements and molecular evidence of human herpes virus, type 8. This case stresses the necessity, even in the absence of the 'classical clinical features,' of molecular testing for human herpes virus, type 8 in a subset of patients with high risk for human herpes virus, type 8-associated lymphomas.
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ranking = 0.0048189202089119
keywords = herpes
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9/31. Primary effusion lymphoma in an HIV-negative patient with no serologic evidence of Kaposi's sarcoma virus.

    Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a newly described high-grade B cell lymphoma which develops in association with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSV) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. We hereby describe a very unusual presentation of PEL that developed in the abdominal cavity of an HIV negative, KSV negative patient with a 1-year history of refractory ascites due to alcohol-related liver cirrhosis. Possible factors aiding lymphomagenesis in the cirrhotic state are discussed.
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ranking = 0.090526778320845
keywords = herpesvirus, herpes
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10/31. Primary effusion lymphomas in AIDS: CT findings in two cases.

    Primary effusion lymphomas represent an unusual subset of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. They are associated with herpes virus 8 and Epstein-Barr virus and characterized by predominant involvement of the serous body cavities (pleura, pericardium, peritoneum) as lymphomatous effusion without any identifiable tumour mass. We report herein CT findings in two patients with primary effusion lymphoma emphasizing the possible neoplastic nature of a pleural effusion in a patient with AIDS.
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ranking = 0.001204730052228
keywords = herpes
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