Cases reported "Lymphoma, Aids-Related"

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1/258. Implantation metastasis of primary central nervous system lymphoma complicating radiotherapy outcome.

    Computed tomography-guided stereotactic biopsy is commonly used in the diagnosis of brain lesions. An uncommonly reported risk of the procedure is the potential of implantation metastasis. This phenomenon has been reported in central nervous system malignancies. Although the role of prophylactic local radiotherapy at biopsy sites is well recognized in solid tumors, it has not been reported to occur after stereotactic biopsy of a brain tumor. The authors report a case of locally progressive primary central nervous system lymphoma at an unsuspiciously underdosed biopsy site complicating radiotherapy outcome. ( info)

2/258. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome manifesting as bilateral hypopyon.

    Orbital lymphoma is a rare event. This is the first case report of a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated lymphoma, in which orbital lymphoma presented as bilateral hypopyon. This was the terminal manifestation of a highly aggressive disease, which progressed despite appropriate treatment. ( info)

3/258. Development of an Epstein-Barr virus type 2 (EBV-2)-associated hepatic B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in an hiv-1-infected patient following a change in the EBV dominant type.

    From the longitudinal study of a cohort of HIV-positive patients, we report the case of a patient who initially harbored the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) type 1 and subsequently developed an EBV-2-associated non-Hodgkin's B lymphoma a few years after an EBV-2 reactivation, or an exogenous reactivation, in the blood. At the time of diagnosis of hepatic lymphoma, the blood and the throat harbored high levels of the EBV-1 dominant strain. sequence analysis of EBNA-2 gene revealed that: (1) type 2 EBV detected during reactivation and then in hepatic tumor was very likely to be the same strain and was mostly identical to the EBV prototype AG876; (2) type 1 virus conserved the same mutations during all the follow-up. These results suggest that EBV-2 might be associated with lymphomatogenesis and that a transient reactivation could lead to the development of an EBV-associated disease. ( info)

4/258. Primary ocular Epstein-Barr virus-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with AIDS: a clinicopathologic report.

    OBJECTIVE: To report an unusual case of chronic multifocal chorioretinitis with vitritis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) that was resistant to antiviral and antitoxoplasmic medication and required a retinal biopsy for definitive diagnosis. methods: Vitreous biopsy, pars plana vitrectomy, and retinal biopsy were performed. The vitreous biopsy material was sent for bacterial, fungal, and viral culture, and the vitreous cassette was sent for cytology. The retinal biopsy material was divided and sent for polymerase chain reaction testing for toxoplasmosis and virology and pathologic tissue analysis. RESULTS: Vitreous cytology showed a mixed population of lymphocytes and histiocytes, but all other microbiologic and virologic studies were negative. Tissue analysis revealed an infiltrate of atypical mononuclear cells extending from the inner limiting membrane through the outer plexiform layer characteristic of a B cell, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the central nervous system (NHL-CNS). in situ hybridization for the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was positive. An extensive systemic evaluation did not show evidence of extraocular tumor. CONCLUSION: Although rare, primary ocular NHL-CNS can be seen in patients with AIDS, and its clinical presentation often closely resembles other disorders. To our knowledge, this case represents the first ocular NHL in which EBV is shown to be associated. ( info)

5/258. Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) associated with small non-cleaved cell lymphoma in a child with AIDS.

    The association of human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) with a small non-cleaved cell lymphoma is described in a child with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who developed a malignant pleural effusion and radiologic evidence of multiple solid tumors. HHV-8 dna and Epstein-Barr virus dna were identified in pleural fluid cells by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. The serum antibody titer against lytic HHV-8 proteins was 1:640; antibodies to latent HHV-8 proteins were not detected. cytogenetic analysis of malignant cells revealed three abnormal karyotypes sharing the common finding of a t(8;14) translocation. Rearrangement of c-myc was demonstrated by PCR analysis. Oligoclonal JH immunoglobulin bands were found. Insufficient pleural fluid cells were available to permit localization of HHV-8 to malignant cells by in situ hybridization. This malignancy contrasts with HHV-8-associated lymphomas reported in adult patients with AIDS with respect to cell morphology, c-myc translocation, and oligoclonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangement. HHV-8 is associated with a wider spectrum of malignancies than recognized previously. ( info)

6/258. Synovial non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient.

    We describe a case of articular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with malignant lymphoma cells observed in synovial fluid. Bone involvement in NHL is common, but an English language medline search revealed only 14 reported cases of synovial NHL. Although NHL is a well recognized complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, this is the first report of synovial NHL in an HIV infected patient. ( info)

7/258. Tonsillar lymphoma and AIDS.

    A case of a patient presenting unilateral tonsillar enlargement, whereby non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and AIDS were diagnosed, is presented. The clinical and pathological aspects of this pathology, its pathogenicity and treatment are reviewed. ( info)

8/258. Epstein-Barr virus-associated intravascular lymphomatosis within Kaposi's sarcoma in an AIDS patient.

    Intravascular lymphomatosis (IL) is an unusual neoplasm characterized by multifocal proliferation of lymphoma cells exclusively within the blood vessels. We report here a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma. A 233-bp amplification product of HHV-8 was detected in the dna extracted from specimens of Kaposi's sarcoma at different sites by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). At autopsy, the vessels within the Kaposi's sarcoma were dilated and filled with atypical large mononuclear cells. No such feature was seen in the vessels of non-Kaposi's sarcomatous regions. Immunohistochemically, the spindle cells of Kaposi's sarcoma were positive for CD31 (endothelial cell marker). The intravascular tumor cells were positive for CD45 (leukocyte common antigen) but negative for others, including chloroacetate esterase, CD45-RO (UCHL-1, Pan-T), CD3, CD43, CD20 (L26, Pan-B), CD30 (Ki-1), immunoglobulin heavy chains and light chains, CD56 (natural killer cell antigen), and CD31. Monoclonal rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene was detected in the dna extracts from fresh tissue of Kaposi's sarcoma by PCR, which indicated that the lymphoma cells within the Kaposi's sarcoma were of monoclonal B cell origin. in situ hybridization revealed that EBER-1 transcripts were present in the lymphoma cells of IL but not in the spindle cells of Kaposi's sarcoma. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first instance of IL in an AIDS patient with direct evidence of EBV association. ( info)

9/258. Burkitt-like lymphoma presenting as a periodontal disease in AIDS patients: a report of two cases.

    Burkitt-like lymphoma of the oral cavity is relatively uncommon in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The lesion usually appears as a solitary ulcerated mass with rapid onset. Some may present initially as gingival inflammation which delays final diagnosis and treatment. This report describes the presentations of multifocal intraoral Burkitt-like lymphoma in two Thai heterosexual men with AIDS. The clinical features and the radiographic findings in both cases mimicked a periodontal disease, showing extensive widening of the periodontal ligament space and loss of lamina dura in all segments of the molar teeth. The patients eventually died 5 and 14 months after they were diagnosed with HIV infection. ( info)

10/258. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the maxillary sinus in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is one of the most common malignancies in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): it occurs 25-60 times more frequently in HIV-infected patients than in the general population. This neoplasm in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients is a highly aggressive tumour with a poor prognosis and tends to develop in extranodal sites, such as the central nervous system, digestive tract and bone marrow. NHL involving the paranasal sinuses is rare in HIV-infected patients, and is likely to be confused clinically and radiographically with sinusitis; moreover, its optimal treatment is currently uncertain. We present a case of NHL involving the left maxillary sinus in a patient with AIDS. The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy (low dose-CHOP), but the malignancy did not respond. Subsequently, he was treated with local maxillary sinus irradiation which resulted in partial regression of the neoplasm and in decrease of local symptoms. ( info)
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