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1/6. Acute abdominal complications of coeliac disease.

    Two rare complications of coeliac disease are described in patients who presented as acute abdominal emergencies. One of the patients had both oesophageal and small intestinal obstruction produced by an ulcerative process involving these portions of the gastro-intestinal tract. The other, a patient with long standing dermatitis herpetiformis, perforated his small intestine at a site involved by both a lymphoma and partial villous atrophy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = lymphoma
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2/6. Abdominal compartment syndrome in a newly diagnosed patient with burkitt lymphoma.

    We present the radiological and clinical aspects of a patient with advanced-stage burkitt lymphoma who presented with an acute abdomen complicated by abdominal compartment syndrome.
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ranking = 5
keywords = lymphoma
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3/6. Acute abdomen by varicella zoster virus induced gastritis after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    We report on a 54-year-old male patient with an aggressive T cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with abdominal manifestation undergoing autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation after high-dose chemotherapy in April 2003. About 4 months after transplantation, he developed severe upper abdominal pain. Ultrasound examination, X-ray, computed tomography of the abdomen and cardiac diagnostics could not explain the symptoms. While empiric therapy with high-dose acyclovir was started, we could document herpetic lesions in the gastric antrum by endoscopy. The epigastric pain rapidly decreased within several days after the start of acyclovir therapy. No herpetic skin lesions were observed at any time during the disease. This report demonstrates the importance of viral-induced gastritis in the differential diagnosis of severe abdominal pain in patients receiving autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
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ranking = 5
keywords = lymphoma
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4/6. Primary Burkitt's lymphoma of the appendix.

    appendicitis is a very rare presenting symptom of abdominal Burkitt's lymphoma. Only four cases have previously been identified in the literature, all of them males. This is the first reported case of a female as well as the youngest and is representative of the therapeutic considerations in this unusual manifestation of the disease.
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ranking = 5
keywords = lymphoma
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5/6. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis causing an acute abdomen in the immunocompromised pediatric patient--three cases.

    mucormycosis is an infection caused by a ubiquitous fungus in immunocompromised individuals. Typically, it invades blood vessels, producing thrombosis and tissue infarction. This infection spans all pediatric age groups and can lead to hollow viscus perforation and bowel obstruction. A 30-month old male with large cell anaplastic lymphoma had a bowel obstruction. During emergency laparotomy, an ileoileal intussusception was identified, which required resection and anastomosis. In the pathological specimen, fungi of the mucorales order were found to be associated with tissue necrosis. On the eighth day of life, a premature infant had abdominal distension secondary to bowel perforation. Partial gastric resection and multiple intestinal stomas were performed. death occurred soon after, secondary to multiorgan failure. The autopsy and surgical specimens showed widespread mucormycosis. An adolescent had meningococcemia-induced septic shock. During recovery, hemorrhagic colitis developed, which led to perforation. The subtotal colectomy specimen showed widespread mucormycosis. The laparotomy findings are typical (black necrotic tissue involving the bowel), and when seen in the immunocompromised patient, should make one suspect gastrointestinal mucormycosis. Aggressive surgical debridement of devitalized tissue augmented by intravenous antifungal medication is the mainstay of treatment.
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ranking = 2419755.6365501
keywords = large cell, lymphoma
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6/6. Leukaemia and lymphoma of the appendix presenting as acute appendicitis or acute abdomen. Four case reports with a review of the literature.

    Leukaemic and lymphomatous infiltration of the appendix is rare and even rarer is acute appendicitis as the initial manifestation. From our routine biopsy material we collected four cases of haematological malignancies presenting as acute appendicitis or acute abdomen, caused or accompanied by tumoral infiltration of the appendix. appendicitis was the initial manifestation that allowed diagnosis of the underlying disease. The clinical histories and histological examinations of the appendices and of one autopsy are described. We report the first detailed description of acute myeloid leukaemia involving the appendix, and three cases of lymphomatous infiltration of the appendix presenting with appendicitis, and give an overview of the literature. In these days of budgetary cuts in national health services, where one may be tempted not to have seemingly commonplace cases of appendicitis histologically verified, our cases emphasize that careful histopathological examination of all appendectomy specimens should be mandatory. Despite the fact that leukaemia and lymphoma of the appendix are rare, our cases illustrate that these must be included in the differential diagnosis of acute appendicitis and that physicians and surgeons have to be aware of these conditions.
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ranking = 7
keywords = lymphoma
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