Cases reported "Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin"

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1/276. Lymphomatosis cerebri presenting as a rapidly progressive dementia: clinical, neuroimaging and pathologic findings.

    Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) usually presents with clinical and neuroimaging findings consistent with single or multiple intracranial mass lesions. On cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), such lesions are nearly always contrast enhancing, reflecting disruption of the blood-brain barrier at the site of tumor nodules. We describe 2 cases from the UCLA Medical Center who developed a rapidly progressive dementia due to extensive gray and white matter cerebral lesions involving much of the brain. In the patient who came to autopsy, widely infiltrating, focally necrotic B-cell plasmacytoid lymphoma was noted throughout the cerebral neuraxis. MRI findings in case 2 were consistent with diffuse lymphomatous brain infiltration without mass lesions, which was biopsy proven. We conclude that PCNSL may occur in a diffusely infiltrating form which may occur without MRI evidence of mass lesions or blood-brain barrier compromise. We refer to this entity as 'lymphomatosis cerebri' and add it to the differential diagnosis of a rapidly progressive dementia.
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keywords = nervous system
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2/276. High-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell rescue in blastoid natural killer cell lymphoma.

    A 25-year-old man was referred because of skin rash, lymphadenopathy and anemia. Laboratory examinations revealed severe anemia (Hb, 4.8 g/dl) and elevated levels of GOT, GPT, LDH and soluble interleukin-2 receptor. work-up studies disclosed the involvement of lymphoma cells in lymph nodes, skin, bilateral kidneys and bone marrow. Lymph node biopsy revealed diffuse proliferation of medium- to large-sized lymphoblastic cells. bone marrow aspiration showed massive infiltration of large blastic cells with no cytoplasmic granules. The lymphoma cells in bone marrow and lymph node showed surface CD3-, cytoplasmic CD3epsilon , CD4 , CD8-, CD56 , CD57-, CD16- and CD43 (MT-1) phenotype. Analyses of T cell receptor beta and gamma genes showed germ line configurations. EBER-1 was not detectable in the lymphoma cells. He was diagnosed as having blastoid natural killer (NK) cell lymphoma. In spite of several courses of combination chemotherapy, the lymphoma was progressive. He was then treated with high-dose chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell rescue, achieving remission which has now lasted for more than 12 months. We consider that blastoid NK cell lymphoma is an extremely aggressive subtype of CD56-positive lymphomas, and high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell rescue should be included for the choice of the treatment.
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ranking = 18.351178216369
keywords = peripheral
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3/276. Acute herpetic neuralgia and postherpetic neuralgia in the head and neck: response to gabapentin in five cases.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical presentations and pharmacologic management of three patients with acute herpetic neuralgia (AHN) and two patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), confined to the head and neck region, are described. methods: Two patients had pain in the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve, two had pain confined to the C2-C4 dermatomes, and one patient had C2 pain with radiating and referred pain to the second and third divisions of the trigeminal nerve. RESULTS: Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant drug, was effective in treating these patients, including the two cases of AHN. All patients reported complete pain relief after titration with gabapentin up to 1,800 mg/d. The patients noted a dose-dependent decrease in pain almost immediately after starting gabapentin. Specifically, reduction in the frequency and intensity of allodynia, burning pain, shooting pain, and throbbing pain were noted. None of the patients experienced side effects from the drug. CONCLUSIONS: In view of the results in these patients, blinded, controlled studies are needed to determine the efficacy of gabapentin for treating AHN and PHN.
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ranking = 0.035442896487559
keywords = nerve
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4/276. Intravascular and diffuse dermal reactive angioendotheliomatosis secondary to iatrogenic arteriovenous fistulas.

    Reactive angioendotheliomatosis is a rare benign process that has been mainly described in patients with systemic infections, such as subacute bacterial endocarditis or tuberculosis, and in association with intravascular deposition of cryoproteins. Histopathologically, it is characterized by a proliferation of endothelial cells within vascular lumina resulting in the obliteration of the involved vessels. Another rare variant of reactive angioendotheliomatosis has been described in the lower extremities of patients with severe peripheral vascular atherosclerotic disease. It consists of violaceous and purpuric plaques histopathologically characterized by diffuse proliferation of endothelial cells interstitially arranged between collagen bundles of the reticular dermis. This second variant has been named diffuse dermal reactive angioendotheliomatosis. We report two patients with reactive cutaneous angioendotheliomatosis appearing distally to arteriovenous fistulas used for hemodialysis because of chronic renal failure. The first patient showed intravascular reactive angioendotheliomatosis, while the second one had purpuric plaques that were characterized histopathologically by diffuse dermal angioendotheliomatosis. Both patients showed an arteriovenous "steal" syndrome with distal ischemia, and it is possible that a local increase of vascular endothelial growth factor, as is the case in hypoxia situations, induces the endothelial proliferation. To the best of our knowledge, cutaneous reactive angioendotheliomatosis has not been previously described in association with arteriovenous shunts.
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ranking = 3.0585297027282
keywords = peripheral
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5/276. Nasal and nasal-type T/NK-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement.

    Natural killer (NK) cells are a third lymphocyte lineage, in addition to B- and T-cells, that mediate cytotoxicity without prior sensitization. NK cells also have phenotypic and genotypic characteristics; they express the NK-related antigen CD56 and T-cell markers such as CD2 and CD3 epsilon, but their T-cell receptor (TCR) locus is not rearranged. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are divided into B- and T-cell neoplasms and NK-cell lymphomas. We describe 2 Japanese patients with nasal and nasal-type T/NK-cell lymphoma in which the skin, nasal/nasopharyngeal region, bone marrow, and lymph node were the sites of involvement. The clinical and histopathologic findings were recorded. In addition, immunophenotyping, TCR gene rearrangement, and the existence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) dna by polymerase chain reaction amplification were determined. Clinically, the cutaneous eruptions were purplish, hard, multiple nodules. Histologically, angiocentric proliferation of small-to medium-sized, pleomorphic, lymphoid cells were observed. They revealed hand-mirror-shaped lymphocytes with azurophilic granules with the use of Giemsa staining by touch smear. These lymphocytes were found to be positive to immunophenotyping for CD2 (Leu5b), CD3 epsilon (DAKO), CD4 (Leu3a), and CD56 (Leu 19). No clonal rearrangement of TCR-beta, -gamma, and -delta genes and immunoglobulin gene markers were found, and no positive results of identification of EBV dna were shown. The patients underwent cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy with complete remission; however, both had recurrence of disease. Because NK-cell lymphomas express some T-cell markers, they may be mistakenly diagnosed as peripheral T-cell lymphomas if they are not investigated for the NK-cell-specific marker, CD56. Therefore the importance of immunophenotypic investigations of CD56 should be stressed. Also, the importance of clinical investigation of nasal/nasopharyngeal lymphomas should be stressed when NK-cell lymphoma is diagnosed involving the skin, because NK-cell lymphomas are often associated with the nasal and nasopharyngeal region.
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ranking = 3.0585297027282
keywords = peripheral
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6/276. Endogenous thrombopoietin serum levels during multicycle chemotherapy.

    Little is known about the behaviour of endogenous thrombopoietin (TPO) serum levels during rapid sequences of dose-intensified chemotherapy. To characterize the relationship between TPO levels and platelet counts in this setting we serially measured both parameters over the entire treatment period of patients receiving multicycle polychemotherapy. We found TPO and platelet responses to be generally antagonistic through all cycles. However, a cross-correlation analysis indicated that TPO responses preceded platelet responses by approximately one day in all patients. The cumulative severity of thrombocytopenia observed over successive cycles was accompanied by an increasing TPO response which tended to grow overproportionally in relation to the degree of peripheral thrombocytopenia. These findings are consistent with a model suggesting that both platelet and megakaryocyte mass contribute to a receptor-dependent consumption process regulating the endogenous TPO level. In order to develop optimal schedules for exogenous TPO administration it might be important to consider endogenous TPO response characteristics.
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ranking = 3.0585297027282
keywords = peripheral
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7/276. Hypophyseal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting with diabetes insipidus: a case report.

    We report the case of a 64 year old male patient with a history of ischemic heart disease who underwent surgery for an abdominal mass. The histological diagnosis was highly malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. After surgery the patient was admitted to our Department and received 6 courses of chemotherapy according to the COP schedule, followed by radiotherapy to the left upper abdominal region and ipsilateral lung base. The patient achieved partial remission. One month later he began to complain of left axillary lymphadenomegaly, polydipsia and polyuria. A NMR brain scan showed a hypophyseal mass. The patient was treated with DDAVP and chemotherapy with the PRO-MACE protocol; the polyuria and lymphadenomegaly disappeared and the size of the hypophyseal mass reduced markedly. The clinical picture was, therefore, attributed to a hypophyseal localization of the non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is a very rare manifestation of lymphomatous spread to the central nervous system. Our case is also interesting because it shows that a favorable outcome can be obtained with chemotherapy, provided that the latter is sufficiently aggressive. This is not necessarily the case with radiotherapy which may also be followed by late and severe neurologic sequelae.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nervous system
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8/276. Combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion in a child with systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    PURPOSE: To report on a case of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and unilateral combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion. METHOD: We examined a 14-year-old boy who experienced a sudden unilateral visual loss five months after the initial diagnosis of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. RESULT: Visual loss was due to combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion in association with tumoral optic nerve involvement. CONCLUSION: Although very rare systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma may present with central retinal artery and vein occlusion prior to overt central nervous system involvement.
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ranking = 1.0177214482438
keywords = nervous system, nerve
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9/276. Primary cardiac lymphoma. A case report and review.

    Primary cardiac lymphoma is classically defined as an extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma exclusively located in the heart and/or pericardium. However, over the last few years, this definition has been extended to include other localizations on condition that these are clearly less important then a cardiac site, that must remain the first, during the illness course, and the most important for its entity. PCL is extremely rare in immunocompetent patients, accounting for 1.3% of all cardiac tumours and 0.5% of all extranodal lymphomas, but it has been encountered with increasing frequency in patients with AIDS or other severe immunodepressive syndromes. PCL is difficult to diagnose, especially during the early stage of the disease, because of its non-specific clinical manifestations, the limited possibility of using non-invasive diagnostic techniques, and difficulties or delays in applying invasive methods. The malignancy of its histotypes and its delicate location are responsible for its rapid and frequently unfavourable evolution. Successful treatment, which is mainly based on anthracycline-containing polychemotherapies, is heavily dependent on an early diagnosis. After a general review of the literature, the authors describe the clinical case of a patient with a PCL that had a secondary central nervous system location, treated with polychemotherapy and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Emphasis is placed on the fact that it is more difficult to eradicate the disease from the central nervous system than from the heart.
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ranking = 5.0585297027282
keywords = peripheral, nervous system
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10/276. Treatment of multicentric Castleman's disease complicated by the development of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous peripheral stem-cell support.

    BACKGROUND: Castleman's disease or angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia is a rare entity with a localized/unicentric or a generalized/multicentric presentation. While surgery is curable for most localized presentations, there is limited information regarding the optimal management of the multicentric type. The latter type is associated with a poor prognoses and can be associated with the development of lymphoma and infections. patients AND methods: In this report we describe a case of multicentric Castleman's disease who failed steroids and chemotherapy and developed a follicular mixed lymphoma. He was treated with high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell support and remains disease at four years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: A long-term durable remission may be possible with high dose chemotherapy with stem-cell support. This treatment modality should be considered an option in the management of multicentric Castleman's disease.
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ranking = 12.234118810913
keywords = peripheral
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